Democratic Republic of the Congo (Africa - Continent in the Balance Series)by Rita Milios, Robert I. Rotberg (Editor)
The name Democratic Republic of Congo is a misnomer: the country has never been truly democratic or a republic. For decades this country in central Africa, which was once known as Zaire, was ruled by a brutal and corrupt dictator, Mobuto Sese Seko. Since the mid-1990s, when Mobutu's government was overthrown, various groups within Congo have been fighting for power. The civil war claimed an estimated 3 million lives before a peace agreement was signed in 2003 and a transitional government formed.
The Democratic Republic of Congo is the third-largest country in Africa and possesses a wealth of natural resources. However, the government still has no control over large areas of the country, and the years of fighting have devastated the economy. Although the prospects for peace have improved, it will take years for Congo to fully recover from its devastating civil war.
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