Democratization in Central and Eastern Europeby Mary Kaldor
The enlargement of the European Union eastwards will be one of the dominant issues of the next decade, The European Council in Madrid, in December 1995, announced that the following Central and Eastern European countries (CEEC's) will be eligible for EU membership, provided they meet certain political conditions: Poland, Hungary, the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Romania, Bulgaria, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Slovenia. The Amsterdam summit in July 1997 acknowledged that these ten countries have made impressive steps, toward democracy and invited five of them (Estonia, Poland, the Czech Republic, Hungary, Slovenia) to open negotiations or accession to membership.
The book is an attempt to develop a methodology for assessing the process of democratization as a condition of eligibility for EU membership. The contributors make an important distinction between formal (procedural) democracy and substantive democracy (i.e. democratic political culture) which is impossible to measure even though it can be described. They conclude that whilst the Central and Eastern European countries more or less meet the formal criteria for democracy, they all exhibit weaknesses in substantive democracy.
- Continuum International Publishing Group
- Publication date:
Meet the Author
Mary Kaldor is Director of the Programme on Global Civil Society at the Centre for the Study of Global Governance, London School of Economics. Among her most recent publications are New and Old Wars: Organized Violence in a Global Era (Polity Press and Stanford University Press 1999) and Global Insecurity (edited) (Continuum 2000).
Ivan Vejvoda is Assistant Professor of Government at Smith College, Northampton, Massachusetts.
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