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In a groundbreaking study, Marybeth Peterson Ulrich explores the attitudes of the leaders of the armed forces in Russia and the Czech Republic toward the new democratic governments and suggests ways in which we might encourage the development of politically neutral militaries in these states. Building on the work of Samuel Huntington and others on the relationship between the military and the state, the author suggests that norms of military professionalism must change if the armies in countries making a transition from communist rule are to become strong supporters of the democratic state. The Czech Republic and Russia are interesting cases, because they have had very different experiences in the transition; they have different geopolitical goals; and they experienced different military-civilian relationships during the Soviet period. The author also explores American and NATO programs to promote democratization in these militaries and suggests changes in the programs.
Marybeth Peterson Ulrich is Associate Professor of Government, U.S. Army War College.
Excerpted from Democratizing Communist Militaries: the Cases of the Czech and Russian Armed Forces by Marybeth Peterson Ulrich Copyright © 1999 by Marybeth Peterson Ulrich. Excerpted by permission.
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|List of Tables|
|List of Abbreviations|
|Ch. 1||A Theory of Democratic Civil-Military Relations in Postcommunist States||5|
|Ch. 2||A Survey of Overall U.S. Democratization Programs and Military Democratization Efforts in the Postcommunist States||44|
|Ch. 3||Postcommunist Military Democratization Needs: An Assessment of Democratic Political Control in Russia and the Czech Republic||70|
|Ch. 4||An Assessment of Postcommunist Military Professionalism: The Russian and Czech Militaries' Democratic Deficits||108|
|Ch. 5||The Effectiveness of U.S. Military to Military Democratization Initiatives in Russia and the Czech Republic||154|
|Ch. 6||Conclusions and Prescriptions for Improving Democratization Outcomes in the Postcommunist States||182|
|App. A||Military to Military Contacts Conducted in the Czech Republic through the Joint Contact Team Program||189|
|App. B||Military to Military Contacts Conducted in Russia through the Defense and Military Contacts Program||205|