Democratizing Innovation

Democratizing Innovation

by Eric von Hippel, Maria Valentin, Gina M. Solomon, Annette Huddle
     
 

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Innovation is rapidly becoming democratized. Users, aided by improvements in computer and communications technology, increasingly can develop their own new products and services. These innovating users -- both individuals and firms -- often freely share their innovations with others, creating user-innovation communities and a rich intellectual commons. In… See more details below

Overview


Innovation is rapidly becoming democratized. Users, aided by improvements in computer and communications technology, increasingly can develop their own new products and services. These innovating users -- both individuals and firms -- often freely share their innovations with others, creating user-innovation communities and a rich intellectual commons. In Democratizing Innovation, Eric von Hippel looks closely at this emerging system of user-centered innovation. He explains why and when users find it profitable to develop new products and services for themselves, and why it often pays users to reveal their innovations freely for the use of all.The trend toward democratized innovation can be seen in software and information products -- most notably in the free and open-source software movement -- but also in physical products. Von Hippel's many examples of user innovation in action range from surgical equipment to surfboards to software security features. He shows that product and service development is concentrated among "lead users," who are ahead on marketplace trends and whose innovations are often commercially attractive.Von Hippel argues that manufacturers should redesign their innovation processes and that they should systematically seek out innovations developed by users. He points to businesses -- the custom semiconductor industry is one example -- that have learned to assist user-innovators by providing them with toolkits for developing new products. User innovation has a positive impact on social welfare, and von Hippel proposes that government policies, including R&D subsidies and tax credits, should be realigned to eliminate biases against it. The goal of a democratized user-centered innovation system, says von Hippel, is well worth striving for. An electronic version of this book is available under a Creative Commons license.

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
"[von Hippel's] book looks at why users want customized products, why it is more advantageous for them rather than the manufacturer to make the changes, why they freely share their innovations with other, and the need for government to encourage user innovaton by refining patent and intellectual protection legislation.

It's a fascinating, little explored trend that he covers thoroughly. Although his book is written in academic style, it offers lots of examples and provides an understanding of an important innovation in the world of innovation." Globe and Mail

"[von Hippel] shows that, in fields ranging from surgical instruments and software to kite surfing, customers often come up with new products of new ways of using old ones. Some companies encourage their customers to modify their merchandise. Others, however, do not: when a devoted user of Aibo, Sony's robot dog,wrote applicatons that would allow the Aibo to dance to music, Sony threatened the man with a lawsuit." James Surowiecki New Yorker

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780262250177
Publisher:
MIT Press
Publication date:
02/17/2006
Sold by:
Barnes & Noble
Format:
NOOK Book
Pages:
216
Sales rank:
206,129
File size:
0 MB

What People are saying about this

From the Publisher
" Democratizing Innovation presents pathbreaking research to explain a major paradigm shift in innovation: users are displacing manufacturers to become the dominant force of innovation in many fields. I strongly recommend this brilliant, well-written book to researchers and managers who are passionate about the nature of successful innovation - and how to achieve it!" Georg von Krogh , Director, Institute of Management, University of St. Gallen, Switzerland

"The guru of customer-centered innovation blazes new ground in this masterpiece. He shows managers how to get the most out of a world where customers and communities pioneer new ideas and reconfigure what they buy. Other books tell you that co-creating innovations with customers is importantVon Hippel tells you how to make it happen." Philip Anderson , INSEAD Alumni Fund Professor of Entrepreneurship, and Director, International Centre for Entrepreneurship

"Von Hippel provides us with the Rosetta Stone to innovation in the Internet age! He marshals a wide range of research findings to document and explain the major shift to user-centered innovation that is now well underway. He also shows managers and policymakers how they can adapt most effectively." Nikolaus Franke , Vienna University of Economics and Business Administration

"Von Hippel provides us with a Rosetta Stone to innovation in the Internet age! He marshals a wide range of research findings to document and explain the major shift to user-centered innovation that is now well underway. He also shows managers and policymakers the most effective ways to adapt."—Nikolaus Franke,Vienna University of Economics and Business Administration

"*Democratizing Innovation* presents pathbreaking research to explain a major paradigm shift in innovation: users are displacing manufacturers to become the dominant force of innovation in many fields. I strongly recommend this brilliant,well-written book to researchers and managers who are passionate about the nature of successful innovation - and how to achieve it!"—Georg von Krogh, Director,Institute of Management, University of St. Gallen, Switzerland

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