Demographic Responses to Economic Adjustment in Latin America

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The papers in this volume address the influence of economic fluctuations upon mortality, fertility, and labor markets in the Latin America of the 1980s. Contributors attempt to distinguish short-term effects from long-term ones. Broader policy-related and institutional factors affecting the continent as a whole are examined alongside the demographic consequences of economic changes in individual countries.
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Meet the Author

Institut d'Etudes Politiques de Paris and INED, France

Program on Population, East-West Center and Department of Economics


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Table of Contents

List of Contributors
Pt. I The Framework 1
1 Economic Adjustment and Demographic Responses in Latin America: An Overview 3
2 The Response of Fertility and Mortality to Economic Crisis and Structural Adjustment Policy during the 1980s: A Review 17
Pt. II Policy and Institutional Factors 35
3 Economic Crisis and Health Policy Responses 37
4 The Effect of Structural Adjustment on Food Policy and Nutrition 54
Pt. III Short-term Fluctuations in Vital Rates 73
5 The Effects of Economic Changes on Mortality by Age and Cause: Latin America, 1950-90 75
6 Short-term Economic Fluctuations and Demographic Behaviour: Some Examples from Twentieth-Century South America 129
7 Demographic Consequences of Economic Adjustment in Chile 156
8 Demographic Consequences of Structural Adjustment: The Case of Brazil 174
Pt. IV Family Labour Force Responses 199
9 Structural Adjustment and Family Labour Supply in Latin America 201
10 Economic Recession and Changing Determinants of Women's Work 229
Index 253
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