The Demography of Corporations and Industries

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Overview

"The Demography of Corporations and Industries is an ambitious book. Originating in research on organizational ecology, the authors adopt a demographic perspective in which variety among firms within industries becomes the object of analysis. Vitality resides in the differences—which has important ramifications for organization theory and for public policy toward business. This book will influence research on organizations well into the new millennium."—Oliver Williamson, University of California, Berkeley

"Organizational ecology has for twenty years been among the most powerful paradigms for the study of organizations. This volume takes the next step, explicating clearly the tradition's demographic foundations, and elucidating its value for students of the firm. The Demography of Corporations and Industries will be an essential part of the libraries of organizational scholars in business schools and in departments of sociology and economics."—Paul J. DiMaggio, Princeton University

"This book promises to be the touchstone reference for many years on the demography of organizations."—Ronald S. Burt, University of Chicago

"The material in this book is virtually required reading for any serious course in organization studies."—Peter V. Marsden, Harvard University

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Editorial Reviews

American Journal of Sociology - David Knoke
Destined to become the standard reference . . . Caroll and Hannan admirably chronicle the first steps toward legitimizing organizational demography as a distinct specialist form.
Contemporary Sociology - Jeroen Bruggeman
This is one of the most scientific textbooks in the field. . . . [It] serves as an (almost) ideal example for students and scholars alike, and it is highly relevant for nearly everybody interested in organizations, policy, management, strategy, and contingency. Students of modernity will also find much of interest.
Population Studies - Hallie J. Kintner
The Demography of Corporations and Industries [is] . . . the reference book on the subject.
Administrative Science Quarterly - Hayagreeva Rao
A compelling contribution that is destined to be a mandatory addition to the bookshelves of the beginner and the advanced scholar and a testament to the vigor and reach of the ecological program of research.
From the Publisher
"Destined to become the standard reference . . . Caroll and Hannan admirably chronicle the first steps toward legitimizing organizational demography as a distinct specialist form."—David Knoke, American Journal of Sociology

"This is one of the most scientific textbooks in the field. . . . [It] serves as an (almost) ideal example for students and scholars alike, and it is highly relevant for nearly everybody interested in organizations, policy, management, strategy, and contingency. Students of modernity will also find much of interest."—Jeroen Bruggeman, Contemporary Sociology

"The Demography of Corporations and Industries [is] . . . the reference book on the subject."—Hallie J. Kintner, Population Studies

"A compelling contribution that is destined to be a mandatory addition to the bookshelves of the beginner and the advanced scholar and a testament to the vigor and reach of the ecological program of research."—Hayagreeva Rao, Administrative Science Quarterly

American Journal of Sociology
Destined to become the standard reference . . . Caroll and Hannan admirably chronicle the first steps toward legitimizing organizational demography as a distinct specialist form.
— David Knoke
Contemporary Sociology
This is one of the most scientific textbooks in the field. . . . [It] serves as an (almost) ideal example for students and scholars alike, and it is highly relevant for nearly everybody interested in organizations, policy, management, strategy, and contingency. Students of modernity will also find much of interest.
— Jeroen Bruggeman
Population Studies
The Demography of Corporations and Industries [is] . . . the reference book on the subject.
— Hallie J. Kintner
Administrative Science Quarterly
A compelling contribution that is destined to be a mandatory addition to the bookshelves of the beginner and the advanced scholar and a testament to the vigor and reach of the ecological program of research.
— Hayagreeva Rao
Population Studies
The Demography of Corporations and Industries [is] . . . the reference book on the subject.
— Hallie J. Kintner
Read More Show Less

Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780691120157
  • Publisher: Princeton University Press
  • Publication date: 7/6/2004
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Pages: 520
  • Sales rank: 1,160,207
  • Product dimensions: 5.60 (w) x 8.90 (h) x 1.30 (d)

Meet the Author

Glenn R. Carroll is the Paul J. Cortese Distinguished Professor of Management at the Haas School of Business, University of California, Berkeley. Michael T. Hannan is the StrataCom Professor of Management and Professor of Sociology at Stanford University.
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Table of Contents

List of Figures xi
List of Tables xv
Preface xix
Acknowledgments xxvii
Part I The Case for Corporate Demography 1
1 About Organizations 3
1.1 Aging and Learning 3
1.2 Inertia and Change 5
1.3 Competitive Intensity 7
1.4 Global Competition 9
1.5 Historical Efficiency 11
1.6 Employment and Entrepreneurship 12
1.7 A Look Ahead 14
2 The Demographic Perspective 17
2.1 Demography of Business Organizations 18
2.2 Organizing Principles of Demography 25
2.3 Formal Demography and Population Studies 26
2.4 Demographic Explanation 28
2.5 The Demography of the Work Force 31
2.6 Internal Organizational Demography 32
3 Toward a Corporate Demography 35
3.1 Earlier Efforts 36
3.2 Retaining the Classical Structure 39
3.3 Making Demography Organizational 40
3.4 A Research Strategy 56
4 Forms and Populations 59
4.1 Population versus Form 60
4.2 Identity and Form 67
4.3 Codes 68
4.4 Organizational Forms 73
4.5 Organizational Populations 74
4.6 Systems of Forms 76
4.7 Implications for Corporate Demography 78
Part II Methods of Corporate Demography 83
5 Observation Plans 85
5.1 Designs in Organizational Research 86
5.2 Trade-offs in Observation Plans 89
6 Analyzing Vital Rates 101
6.1 Event-History Designs 101
6.2 Stochastic-Process Models 110
6.3 Life-Table Estimation 117
6.4 Constant-Rate Models 127
7 Modeling Corporate Vital Rates 135
7.1 Duration Dependence 135
7.2 Dependence on Covariates 139
7.3 Note on Left Truncation 149
7.4 Comparing Designs by Simulation 150
7.5 Simulation Findings 155
8 Demographic Data Sources 163
8.1 Criteria for Evaluating Sources 164
8.2 Commonly Used Sources 167
8.3 Using Multiple Sources 185
8.4 Data Realities 188
Part III Population Processes 191
9 Organizational Environments 193
9.1 Telephone Companies 194
9.2 Modeling Environments 197
9.3 Environmental Imprinting 205
9.4 Imprinting in High-Tech Firms 207
10 Density-Dependent Processes I 213
10.1 Models of Population Growth 214
10.2 Corporate Density Dependence 216
10.3 Theory of Density Dependence 222
10.4 Interpreting Density Dependence 228
10.5 Weighted Density 232
10.6 Programmatic Issues 236
11 Density-Dependent Processes II 239
11.1 Density Delay 240
11.2 Population-Age Interactions 243
11.3 Size Interactions 251
11.4 Multilevel Processes 253
12 Segregating Processes 261
12.1 Resource Partitioning 262
12.2 Research on Partitioning 269
12.3 Size-Localized Competition 272
Part IV Organizational Processes 279
13 Age-Dependent Processes 281
13.1 Models of Age Dependence 282
13.2 Age-Related Liabilities 288
13.3 Age and Growth Rates 290
13.4 Theories of Age Dependence 291
13.5 Core Assumptions 296
13.6 Liabilities of Newness and Adolescence 301
13.7 Liability of Senescence 303
13.8 Alignment, Drift and Obsolescence 306
13.9 Liability of Obsolescence 309
14 Size Dependence 313
14.1 Size and Growth Rates 315
14.2 Age, Size, and Mortality 319
14.3 Automobile Manufacturers 322
14.4 Extending the Formalization 331
15 Initial Mobilizing 339
15.1 Organizing Activities 340
15.2 Theoretical Arguments 343
15.3 Automobile Preproducers 346
16 Organizational Transformation 357
16.1 Theory and Research 358
16.2 Structural Inertia 362
16.3 Transformation and Mortality 368
16.4 Innovation in Automobile Manufacturing 374
Appendix: A Property-Based Formalization of Inertia Theory 377
Part V Selected Implications 381
17 Organization Theory 383
17.1 Equilibrium Orientation 383
17.2 Alignment and Fitness 385
17.3 Adaptation and Selection 389
17.4 Speed and Efficiency of Change 393
17.5 Historical Efficiency and Competition 397
18 Regulation 401
18.1 Early Telephony 403
18.2 Interconnection Laws 404
18.3 The Kingsbury Commitment 406
18.4 Regulation and Deregulation in Banking 411
18.5 System Dynamics after Deregulation 414
18.6 Deregulation and Organizational Growth 418
19 Employment 423
19.1 Effects on Careers 424
19.2 Corporate Demography andjob Shifts 425
19.3 Job Creation and Dissolution 426
19.4 Corporate Demography and Individual Mobility 429
19.5 Employment Benefits and Social Welfare 432
19.6 Effects of Careers on Corporate Demography 437
20 Organizational Diversity 439
20.1 Beer and Wine Industries 440
20.2 Diversity, Careers, and Inequality 444
20.3 Toward a Community Ecology of Corporations 451
References 453
Index 481

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