Demography is the study by statistical methods of human populants involving the measurement of their size, growth and diminution, the proportions living within some areas, being born, marrying, having children or dying and the related functions of fertility, nuptially and morality. This book begins by defining a number of concepts which are useful for demographic analysis, including the significant events in life and types of statistical data which are collected, published and used. It then describes the various kinds of change which can occur and the underlying causes - social, economic and political. The central section provides an account of the history of population growth and development, and of the situation on an international and national scale. Resources available for the support of mankind and their relationship with living standards are explored. The politics of population and the prospects for the future are also described.
List of illustrations; Part I. Fundamentals; 1. Introduction; 2. Demographic analysis: some basic concepts; 3. The nature of demographic data; 4. Demographic statistics in practice; Part II. Population movements: 5. Marriage; 6. The statistical study of fertility; 7. Mortality characteristics; 8. Migrations and other socio-economic data 9. Population projection: general considerations; Part III. General Influences on population: 10. Population in history; 11. Populations today; 12. Resources and population; 13. Population policies; 14. General prospects for the future; Part IIII. 15. Life tables; 16. Methods of summary and comparison; 17. Techniques of population mathematics; 18. Introduction to population mathematics; 19. The handling of suspect or scanty data; Part V. Conclusion: 20. History and prospects of demography; Index to tables; Index.