Demystifying Crime and Criminal Justice / Edition 1

Demystifying Crime and Criminal Justice / Edition 1

by Robert M. Bohm
     
 

Bohm and Walker's thought-provoking volume addresses many of the American public's misconceptions about crime and criminal justice. These understandings are often inaccurate and based on myths. Each of this anthology's 27 chapters demystifies or debunks one of these current myths, setting the record straight. Demystifying Crime and Criminal Justice is organized to… See more details below

Overview

Bohm and Walker's thought-provoking volume addresses many of the American public's misconceptions about crime and criminal justice. These understandings are often inaccurate and based on myths. Each of this anthology's 27 chapters demystifies or debunks one of these current myths, setting the record straight. Demystifying Crime and Criminal Justice is organized to follow a logical progression through the criminal justice process. Part One addresses myths about crime; Part Two examines myths about law enforcement; Part Three investigates myths about the administration of justice; and Part Four focuses on myths about punishment and corrections.

A unique feature of the book is that every chapter follows the same format. Each chapter opens with a brief section introducing a myth or a set of myths about a particular topic. Next follows the "Kernel of Truth" section, which identifies accurate aspects of the myth or myths. The authors assume that for myths to be believable and accepted, they usually must contain at least a kernel of truth. In the third section, "The Truth or Facts," the authors debunk the myth or myths by providing evidence. This is followed by "Interests Served by the Myth," which illuminates how the interests of specific individuals or groups are promoted by the creation and perpetuation of the myth or myths. Finally, "Policy Implications of Belief in the Myth" highlights some of the practical and often undesirable consequences of belief in the myth or myths. Written in clear, accessible language, Demystifying Crime and Criminal Justice engages the reader with straightforward analysis, cutting-edge information, and research. Designed to stimulate critical thinking andclass discussion, this mindset-challenging volume offers students a deeper understanding of crime and criminal justice.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780195330724
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Publication date:
09/30/2005
Edition description:
Older Edition
Pages:
258
Product dimensions:
9.20(w) x 7.00(h) x 0.70(d)

Table of Contents


Acknowledgments     v
About the Editors     vi
About the Contributors     vii
Introduction   Robert M. Bohm   Jeffery T. Walker     xvii
Crime     1
The Myth That Crime and Criminality Can Be Measured   Hal Pepinsky     3
The Myth That Mental Illness Causes Crime   Jennifer L. Bullock   Bruce A. Arrigo     12
The Myth That White-Collar Crime Is Only About Financial Loss   David O. Friedrichs     20
The Myth of Race and Crime   Katheryn Russell-Brown     29
The Myth That Serial Murderers Are Disproportionately White Males   Joseph B. Kuhns III   Charisse T. M. Coston     37
The Myth of Drug Users as Violent Offenders   Henry H. Brownstein     45
The Myth of Drug Decriminalization   Barbara Sims   Michael Kenney     54
Demystifying Terrorism: "Crazy Islamic Terrorists Who Hate Us Because We're Free?"   Paul Leighton     63
Law Enforcement     71
The Myth That the Role of the Police Is to Fight Crime   David E. Barlow   Melissa Hickman Barlow     73
The Myth of a Monolithic Police Culture   Eugene A. Paoline III     81
The Myth of Policewomen on Patrol   Kim Lersch     89
The Myth of Racial Profiling   Michael Buerger     97
The Myth That Science Solves Crimes   Gary Cordner   Kathryn E. Scarborough     104
The Myth That COMPSTAT Reduces Crime and Transforms Police Organizations   James J. Willis   Stephen D. Mastrofski   David Weisburd     111
Administration of Justice     121
The Myth of Positive Differentiation in the Classification of Dangerous Offenders   Dennis R. Longmire   Jacqueline Buffington-Vollum   Scott Vollum     123
The Myth That the Exclusionary Rule Allows Many Criminals to Escape Justice   Richard Janikowski     132
The Myth That Harsh Punishments Reduce Juvenile Crime   Donna M. Bishop     140
The Myth That Public Attitudes Are Punitive   Russ Immarigeon     149
The Myth That the Death Penalty Is Administered Fairly   Brandon Applegate     158
The Myth of Closure and Capital Punishment   James R. Acker     167
Corrections     177
The Myth That Punishment Reduces Crime   Raymond Michalowski     179
The Myth That Imprisonment is the Most Severe Form of Punishment   Peter B. Wood     192
The Myth of Prisons As Country Clubs   Marilyn McShane   Frank P. Williams III   Beth Pelz     201
The Myth That Prisons Can Be Self-Supporting   Mary Parker     209
Correctional Privatization and the Myth of Inherent Efficiency   Curtis Blakely   John Ortiz Smykla     214
The Myth That the Focus of Community Corrections Is Rehabilitation   Mark Jones     221
The Myth That Correctional Rehabilitation Does Not Work   Francis T. Cullen   Paula Smith     227
Index     239

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