Dental Anthropology: Fundamentals, Limits and Prospects

Overview

The study of teeth is an important key to the biology and culture of past and living populations. Their extreme hardness, their numerous and highly heritable characteristics and their susceptibility to environmental responses allow inferences of human evolution, adaptation, living conditions, environments, group affinity, kinship and the life and death of single persons. This has been gradually discovered during the last thirty years, and it lead to the formation of the new field of dental anthropology. It is ...

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Overview

The study of teeth is an important key to the biology and culture of past and living populations. Their extreme hardness, their numerous and highly heritable characteristics and their susceptibility to environmental responses allow inferences of human evolution, adaptation, living conditions, environments, group affinity, kinship and the life and death of single persons. This has been gradually discovered during the last thirty years, and it lead to the formation of the new field of dental anthropology. It is rooted in biology and has strong ties to dentistry, forensics and the humanities. This book gives a comprehensive view of this new field of dental anthropology. It provides a basic introduction as well as a reference for the specialist in anthropology, forensics, ecology, paleontology and dentistry. Most aspects are completely new, particularly the syntheses. The basic experience and literature is of a broad international and multilingual origin.

The book contains black-and-white illustrations.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9783211829745
  • Publisher: Springer-Verlag New York, LLC
  • Publication date: 2/28/2003
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 564
  • Product dimensions: 6.78 (w) x 9.82 (h) x 1.06 (d)

Table of Contents

Foreword
Foreword
Contributors
1 Dental Anthropology - An Introduction 1
2 Teeth in History 5
2.1 Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, Weimar, and Dental Anthropology 7
2.2 The History of Dental Anthropology 15
2.3 Roll Call: Thirty-Two White Horses on a Red Field. The Advantages of the FDI Two-Digit System of Designating Teeth 41
2.4 A Recently Discovered Etruscan Dental Bridgework 57
3 Dental Morphology, Structure, and Evolution 69
3.1 Anatomy and Morphology of Human Teeth 71
3.2 Hereditary Dental Anomalies 95
3.3 Micromorphological Features of Human Dental Enamel 129
3.4 The Temporomandibular Joint 147
3.5 The Maxillary Sinus of Extant Catarrhine Primates 167
3.6 Current Aspects of Dental Research in Paleoanthropology 179
4 Dental Pathology and Epidemiology 201
4.1 Caries - Ancient Plague of Humankind 203
4.2 Periodontal Diseases - Etiology, Classification, and Diagnosis 227
4.3 Periapical Lesions - Clinical and Anthropological Aspects 247
4.4 Paleopathological Evidence of Jaw Tumors 277
4.5 Enamel Hypoplasias in Archaeological Skeletal Remains 293
5 Nutrition and Human Behaviour 313
5.1 Diet and Nutrition in Prehistoric Central Europe 315
5.2 "Archives of Childhood" - The Research Potential of Trace Element Analyses of Ancient Human Dental Enamel 337
5.3 Gross Dental Wear and Dental Microwear in Historical Perspective 349
5.4 Artificial Modifications on Human Teeth 387
6 Age and Sex Estimation 417
6.1 Dental Age Estimation of Non-Adults. A Review of Methods and Principles 419
6.2 Dental Age in Adults - A Review of Estimation Methods 443
6.3 Degeneration in Dental Hard Tissues and Pulp 469
6.4 Sex Determination Using Tooth Dimensions 479
6.5 The Reconstruction of Missing Tooth Dimensions as a Prerequisite for Sex Determination 501
7 Geographical and Familial Tooth Variation 519
7.1 World Variation of Tooth Size 521
7.2 Kinship Studies in Skeletal Remains - Concepts and Examples 537
Index 555
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