Der Einfluss Der Hawthorne-Experimente Auf Den Human-Relations-Ansatz

Overview

Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2008 im Fachbereich Soziologie - Klassiker und Theorierichtungen, Note: 1,3, Universität Hamburg (Fakultät Wirtschafts- und Sozialwissenschaften), Veranstaltung: Interdisziplinärer Grundkurs, 10 Quellen im Literaturverzeichnis, Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: „I (...) was astonished to find the dent which our work has made in a number of circles. We were quoted, misquoted, assimilated, adapted to this and to that label. Only one thing held true: we were ...
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Overview

Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2008 im Fachbereich Soziologie - Klassiker und Theorierichtungen, Note: 1,3, Universität Hamburg (Fakultät Wirtschafts- und Sozialwissenschaften), Veranstaltung: Interdisziplinärer Grundkurs, 10 Quellen im Literaturverzeichnis, Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: „I (...) was astonished to find the dent which our work has made in a number of circles. We were quoted, misquoted, assimilated, adapted to this and to that label. Only one thing held true: we were not ignored."
Roethlisberger an Mayo, Kommentar zum Stand der Human Relations Schule, Januar 1948. Es gibt nicht viele wissenschaftliche Unternehmungen, denen es trotz zahlreicher, und zeitweise heftiger, Kontroversen gelungen ist, sich im fachlichen und betrieblichen Diskurs dermaßen schnell und erfolgreich durchzusetzen, wie die Hawthorne-Experimente. William F. Whyte nannte diese zwischen 1924 und 1932 durchgeführten Studien die ersten bedeutsamen Experimente der Sozialwissenschaften überhaupt, andere wie Loren Baritz gehen gar so weit, sie als das wichtigste wissenschaftliche Projekt der Industriesoziologie aller Zeiten zu bezeichnen. Fest steht, dass kaum ein Jahrzehnt nach dem offiziellen Abschluß der in den Hawthorne-Werken der Western Electric Company (Chicago, USA) durchgeführten Studien eine immense Expansion, Anerkennung und Anwendung in wissenschaftlichen und Industriekreisen stattgefunden hat. Bei dem Versuch, dieses Phänomen zu erklären, findet man in kritisch eingestellten Nachschlagewerken oft den Hinweis auf die um den kontroversen Prof. Elton Mayo versammelte Forschergruppe der Harvard Business School, die die Experimente teilweise, dafür aber entschieden, gestaltete. Deren autoritative, selbstbewusste Interpretation und Darstellung der Studienergebnisse, sowie für Begriffe der akademischen Forschung eher ungewöhnliche Marketingkampagne, waren nämlich nach Ansicht vieler Skeptiker die entscheidenden Triebfaktoren, die das Echo ihrer Erkenntnisse immer weiter erschallen ließen.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9783640301836
  • Publisher: GRIN Verlag
  • Publication date: 4/15/2009
  • Language: German
  • Pages: 28
  • Product dimensions: 5.50 (w) x 8.50 (h) x 0.07 (d)

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