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Descartes on Causation
     

Descartes on Causation

by Tad M. Schmaltz
 

ISBN-10: 0195327942

ISBN-13: 9780195327946

Pub. Date: 11/01/2007

Publisher: Oxford University Press

This book is a systematic study of Descartes' theory of causation and its relation to the medieval and early modern scholastic philosophy that provides its proper historical context. The argument presented here is that even though Descartes offered a dualistic ontology that differs radically from what we find in scholasticism, his views on causation were profoundly

Overview

This book is a systematic study of Descartes' theory of causation and its relation to the medieval and early modern scholastic philosophy that provides its proper historical context. The argument presented here is that even though Descartes offered a dualistic ontology that differs radically from what we find in scholasticism, his views on causation were profoundly influenced by scholastic thought on this issue. This influence is evident not only in his affirmation in the Meditations of the abstract scholastic axioms that a cause must contain the reality of its effects and that conservation does not differ in reality from creation, but also in the details of the accounts of body-body interaction in his physics, of mind-body interaction in his psychology, and of the causation that he took to be involved in free human action. In contrast to those who have read Descartes as endorsing the "occasionalist" conclusion that God is the only real cause, a central thesis of this study is that he accepted what in the context of scholastic debates regarding causation is the antipode of occasionalism, namely, the view that creatures rather than God are the causal source of natural change. What emerges from the defense of this interpretation of Descartes is a new understanding of his contribution to modern thought on causation.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780195327946
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Publication date:
11/01/2007
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
256
Product dimensions:
9.30(w) x 6.20(h) x 0.90(d)

Table of Contents

Introduction
1. The Scholastic Context
2. Two Casual Axioms
3. Causation in Physics
4. Causation in Psychology
5. Causation and Freedom

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