Design Concepts in Nutritional Epidemiology [NOOK Book]

Overview

In examining the relationship between nutritional exposure and disease aetiology, the importance of a carefully considered experimental design cannot be overstated. A sound experimental design involves the formulation of a clear research hypothesis and the identification of appropriate measures of exposure and outcome. It is essential that these variables can be measured with a minimum of error, whilst taking into account the effects of chance and bias, and being aware of the ...
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Design Concepts in Nutritional Epidemiology

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Overview

In examining the relationship between nutritional exposure and disease aetiology, the importance of a carefully considered experimental design cannot be overstated. A sound experimental design involves the formulation of a clear research hypothesis and the identification of appropriate measures of exposure and outcome. It is essential that these variables can be measured with a minimum of error, whilst taking into account the effects of chance and bias, and being aware of the risk
of confounding variables. The first edition of Design Concepts in Nutritional Epidemiology presented a throrough guide to research methods in nutritional epidemiology. Since publication of the 1st edition, we now have a much better understanding of the characteristics of nutritional exposure that
need to be measured in order to answer questions about diet-disease relationships. The 2nd edition has been extensively revised to include the most up-to-date methods of researching this relationship. Included are new chapters on qualitative and sociological measures, anthropometric measures, gene-nutrient interactions, and cross-sectional studies. Design Concepts in Nutritional Epidemiology will be an essential text for nutritionists and epidemiologists, helping them in their quest to
improve the quality of information upon which important public health decisions are made.

The book contains black-and-white illustrations.

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Editorial Reviews

Diane S. Lauderdale
This book presents 16 chapters by different contributors covering the principles of epidemiologic research in general and the design, measurement, and analysis issues specific to studies incorporating nutritional data. It is the second edition of a 1991 publication. "The purpose is to present a comprehensive guide, text, and reference to research methods in nutritional epidemiology. This second edition presents recent advances in nutritional assessment and gene-nutrient interactions, as well as an expanded treatment of the non-nutritional components of epidemiologic study design. "The book is written for nutritionists and epidemiologists, but would also be of value to any researcher working with population-based or clinical studies incorporating nutritional assessment. Chapters on covariate measurement errors in nutritional epidemiology, biochemical markers, and validity of dietary assessment are particularly useful. Although articles are current and thorough, no particular background is assumed. Contributors are uniformly knowledgeable. "The organization of the book lends itself to use either as a text or a reference. The substantial reference lists accompanying each chapter generally include many publications which appeared after the first edition. "The majority of the contributors are British, with others from the Netherlands, Australia, and the United States. Coverage includes research from throughout the world. The greater emphasis on international data is one difference between this volume and Walter Willett's Nutritional Epidemiology. This book, indeed, focuses on methodology and does not review substantive research on the role of diet in specificdiseases. About one-quarter of the book concerns basic biostatistical and epidemiologic topics. While these chapters are competent, they cannot substitute for full introductory texts. The quality of the chapters is consistently high; the reader is occasionally referred from one chapter to another, a sign of a well-edited compilation.
From The Critics
Reviewer: Diane S. Lauderdale, PhD (University of Chicago Pritzker School of Medicine)
Description: This book presents 16 chapters by different contributors covering the principles of epidemiologic research in general and the design, measurement, and analysis issues specific to studies incorporating nutritional data. It is the second edition of a 1991 publication.
Purpose: The purpose is to present a comprehensive guide, text, and reference to research methods in nutritional epidemiology. This second edition presents recent advances in nutritional assessment and gene-nutrient interactions, as well as an expanded treatment of the non-nutritional components of epidemiologic study design.
Audience: The book is written for nutritionists and epidemiologists, but would also be of value to any researcher working with population-based or clinical studies incorporating nutritional assessment. Chapters on covariate measurement errors in nutritional epidemiology, biochemical markers, and validity of dietary assessment are particularly useful. Although articles are current and thorough, no particular background is assumed. Contributors are uniformly knowledgeable.
Features: The organization of the book lends itself to use either as a text or a reference. The substantial reference lists accompanying each chapter generally include many publications which appeared after the first edition.
Assessment: The majority of the contributors are British, with others from the Netherlands, Australia, and the United States. Coverage includes research from throughout the world. The greater emphasis on international data is one difference between this volume and Walter Willett's Nutritional Epidemiology. This book, indeed, focuses on methodology and does not review substantive research on the role of diet in specific diseases. About one-quarter of the book concerns basic biostatistical and epidemiologic topics. While these chapters are competent, they cannot substitute for full introductory texts. The quality of the chapters is consistently high; the reader is occasionally referred from one chapter to another, a sign of a well-edited compilation.

3 Stars from Doody
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780191015632
  • Publisher: OUP Oxford
  • Publication date: 4/24/1997
  • Sold by: Barnes & Noble
  • Format: eBook
  • Edition number: 2
  • File size: 7 MB

Table of Contents

List of contributors
Introduction
Pt. A The scientific concepts underlying study design
1 Overview of the principles of nutritional epidemiology 3
2 Design, planning, and evaluation of nutritional epidemiological studies 39
3 Sampling, study size, and power 64
4 Covariate measurement errors in nutritional epidemiology: effects and remedies 87
Pt. B The measurement of exposure and outcome
5 Food consumption, nutrient intake, and the use of food composition tables 107
6 Assessment of food consumption and nutrient intake 123
7 Biochemical markers of nutrient intake 170
8 The validation of dietary assessment 241
9 Socio-demographic and psycho-social variables 273
10 Anthropometric measures 289
11 Gene-nutrient interactions in nutritional epidemiology 312
Pt. C The design of nutritional epidemiological studies
12 Ecological studies 341
13 Cross-sectional studies 369
14 Cohort studies 383
15 Case-control studies 399
16 Experimental studies: clinical trials, field trials, community trials, and intervention studies 415
Index 441
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