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Doody's Review ServiceReviewer: Diane S. Lauderdale, PhD (University of Chicago Pritzker School of Medicine)
Description: This book presents 16 chapters by different contributors covering the principles of epidemiologic research in general and the design, measurement, and analysis issues specific to studies incorporating nutritional data. It is the second edition of a 1991 publication.
Purpose: The purpose is to present a comprehensive guide, text, and reference to research methods in nutritional epidemiology. This second edition presents recent advances in nutritional assessment and gene-nutrient interactions, as well as an expanded treatment of the non-nutritional components of epidemiologic study design.
Audience: The book is written for nutritionists and epidemiologists, but would also be of value to any researcher working with population-based or clinical studies incorporating nutritional assessment. Chapters on covariate measurement errors in nutritional epidemiology, biochemical markers, and validity of dietary assessment are particularly useful. Although articles are current and thorough, no particular background is assumed. Contributors are uniformly knowledgeable.
Features: The organization of the book lends itself to use either as a text or a reference. The substantial reference lists accompanying each chapter generally include many publications which appeared after the first edition.
Assessment: The majority of the contributors are British, with others from the Netherlands, Australia, and the United States. Coverage includes research from throughout the world. The greater emphasis on international data is one difference between this volume and Walter Willett's Nutritional Epidemiology. This book, indeed, focuses on methodology and does not review substantive research on the role of diet in specific diseases. About one-quarter of the book concerns basic biostatistical and epidemiologic topics. While these chapters are competent, they cannot substitute for full introductory texts. The quality of the chapters is consistently high; the reader is occasionally referred from one chapter to another, a sign of a well-edited compilation.