Design Methodologies for Space Transportation Systems

Design Methodologies for Space Transportation Systems

by Walter Edward Hammond
     
 

ISBN-10: 1563474727

ISBN-13: 9781563474729

Pub. Date: 01/01/2001

Publisher: American Institute of Aeronautics & Astronautics

The text discusses new conceptual changes in the design philosophy away from multistage expendable vehicles to winged, reusable launch vehicles and presents an overview of the systems engineering and vehicle design process as well as systems trades and analysis. Individual chapters are devoted to specific disciplines such as aerodynamics, aerothermal analysis,

Overview

The text discusses new conceptual changes in the design philosophy away from multistage expendable vehicles to winged, reusable launch vehicles and presents an overview of the systems engineering and vehicle design process as well as systems trades and analysis. Individual chapters are devoted to specific disciplines such as aerodynamics, aerothermal analysis, structures, materials, propulsion, flight mechanics and trajectories, avionics and computers, and control systems. The final chapters deal with human factors, payload, launch and mission operations, safety, and mission assurance.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9781563474729
Publisher:
American Institute of Aeronautics & Astronautics
Publication date:
01/01/2001
Series:
AIAA Education Series
Pages:
839
Product dimensions:
6.00(w) x 9.60(h) x 2.20(d)

Table of Contents

Prefacexvii
Acknowledgmentsxxi
Chapter 1.Overview of the Systems Engineering and Vehicle Design Process1
1.1Introduction1
1.2Systems Engineering3
1.3Space Transportation System Design Considerations19
1.4Integration Model for the Vehicle Design Process23
1.5Computerized Design Synthesis31
1.6Software32
1.7Other Design Functions42
1.8Summary43
References43
Further Reading44
Chapter 2.Conceptual Design and Tradeoffs Process45
2.1Introduction: Encapsulation of the Space Transportation System Design Process45
2.2Overview of the Design Process46
2.3Design Process Summary51
2.4Design Creation55
2.5Establishing Vehicle System Characteristics58
2.6Methods for Conceptual Design: Closed-Form Impulsive Velocity Calculations62
2.7Preliminary Design67
2.8Recoverable vs Expendable Systems Analysis84
2.9A Holistic Approach is Needed114
2.10Summary115
References115
Chapter 3.Taking a Closer Look at the Design Sequence119
3.1Introduction119
3.2Overview of the System Design Process120
3.3Design Sequence: From Conceptual, to Preliminary, to Detailed Design132
3.4Design Process and Procedures Guidelines160
3.5Summary164
References164
Further Reading165
Chapter 4.Aerothermodynamics Discipline167
4.1Introduction167
4.2Testing171
4.3Computational Flow Simulation173
4.4Role of Aerothermodynamics in the Space Vehicle Design Process176
4.5Aerodynamic Design Function Applied to Space Vehicles182
4.6Industrial CFD188
4.7Aerodynamic Shape Optimization197
4.8Application of Control Theory199
4.9NASP CFD Work211
4.10Some Hypersonic Flow Analysis Codes212
4.11Opportunity to Reengineer the Design Process216
4.12Summary226
References227
Further Reading232
Chapter 5.Thermal Heating and Design233
5.1Introduction233
5.2Types of Heat Transfer233
5.3Thermal Analysis237
5.4Types of Thermal Protection Systems for Space Vehicles239
5.5Thermal Design for Space Transportation Systems241
5.6Space Vehicle Thermal Heating Considerations251
5.7Aerothermal Analysis Considerations254
5.8Some Aerothermal Analysis and Simulation Codes257
5.9Leveraging268
5.10Need for Collaborative Engineering Process270
5.11Summary271
References272
Chapter 6.Structures and Materials279
6.1Historical Introduction279
6.2Structural Materials Considerations280
6.3Structures Design Function291
6.4Materials and Processes302
6.5Integrated Design and Manufacturing308
6.6Computationally Driven Materials Developments310
6.7Materials and Manufacturing Design Functions312
6.8Material Design/Analysis Tasks314
6.9Recent Progress in Structures and Materials315
6.10Future Trends in Materials and Manufacturing316
6.11Processing and Fabrication Technology329
6.12Manufacturing Considerations339
6.13Summary345
References346
Further Reading346
Chapter 7.Propulsion Systems347
Nomenclature347
7.1Introduction349
7.2Rocket-Thrust Equations and Performance Parameters352
7.3Liquid Propulsion Systems369
7.4Solid Propulsion Systems381
7.5Hybrid Rocket Propulsion384
7.6Gelled Propellants387
7.7Airbreathing Propulsion Systems389
7.8Electric Propulsion Systems402
7.9Nuclear Propulsion Systems408
7.10Other Propulsion Methods420
7.11Summary428
References429
Further Reading431
Chapter 8.Flight Mechanics and Trajectories433
8.1Introduction433
8.2Space Transportation System Trajectory Design436
8.3Space Vehicle Trajectory Design Tasks438
8.4Basics of GNC442
8.5Navigation and Guidance Applied to Space Transportation Systems453
8.6Guidance and Navigation Tasks463
8.7Flight Mechanics and Trajectories Applications466
8.8Summary485
References486
Further Reading486
Chapter 9.Avionics, Computers, and Control Systems487
9.1Introduction487
9.2Avionics Design Function494
9.3Avionics Design Tasks499
9.4Sensors501
9.5Computers505
9.6Integrated Control and Health Monitoring506
9.7Control Systems for Launch Vehicles511
9.8Vehicle Control System Design Tasks518
9.9Fly-by-Wire Control Systems521
9.10Fly-by-Light Flight Control Systems524
9.11Summary526
References527
Further Reading527
Chapter 10.Multidisciplinary Design Optimization and Simulation529
10.1Introduction529
10.2Airframe/Propulsion System Integration532
10.3Calculus-Based Methods534
10.4Optimization Using Response Surfaces539
10.5Expert Systems546
10.6Genetic Algorithms for Optimization548
10.7Simulated Annealing553
10.8Neural Networks555
10.9Selecting Methods and Combining Methods557
10.10Guidelines for Building Good Simulation Code558
10.11Multidisciplinary Design Optimization Applied to Today's Aerospace Systems561
10.12Conclusions577
References578
Chapter 11.Human Factors and Life Support583
11.1Introduction583
11.2Natural and Induced Environments585
11.3Environmental Control and Life-Support Systems596
11.4Controlled Ecological Life-Support Systems606
11.5Future Bioengineering Applications608
11.6Guidelines for Human Rating of Spacecraft611
References613
Further Reading615
Chapter 12.Payloads and Integration617
12.1Introduction617
12.2Payload Classification617
12.3Payload Considerations623
12.4Payload Design and Sizing627
12.5Launch Vehicle/Payload Interfaces629
12.6Launch Site Operations631
12.7Payload/Launch Vehicle Integration635
12.8Launch and Mission Operations637
12.9Conclusions and Summary639
References639
Further Reading640
Chapter 13.Launch and Mission Operations641
13.1Introduction641
13.2Mission Requirements Analysis643
13.3Launch Vehicles645
13.4Objectives and Approaches to Launch Operations655
13.5Launch Vehicle Ground Processing661
13.6Test Organization and Responsibility665
13.7Test Processing Equipment Requirements668
13.8Launch Vehicle Range Requirements670
13.9Telemetry Systems Requirements673
13.10Vehicle Launch Operations676
13.11Reducing Operations Costs687
13.12Future Launch and Mission Operations691
13.13Some Operations Lessons Learned695
13.14Summary696
References697
Further Reading698
Chapter 14.Safety and Mission Assurance699
14.1Introduction699
14.2Ensuring Mission Success699
14.3Risk Management705
14.4Risk Analysis Techniques707
14.5Process Hazard Analysis Techniques723
14.6Designing for Safety in Space Vehicle Program734
14.7Prelaunch Operations Safety745
14.8Launch, On-Orbit, Abort, and Recovery Operations Safety746
14.9Quality and Mission Assurance751
14.10Transportability and Maintainability Analysis756
14.11Some Lessons Learned in Risk Management763
References763
Further Reading764
Appendix ASome Space Transportation Systems Lessons Learned767
Appendix BEquations and Approaches for Modeling Space Transportation Systems781
Appendix CHistorical Perspective on Space Transportation795
Appendix DCase Study: Base Drag and Base Aeroheating for Space Vehicles821

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