Designing and Using Organizational Surveys: A Seven-Step Process / Edition 1

Designing and Using Organizational Surveys: A Seven-Step Process / Edition 1

by Allan H. Church, Janine Waclawski
     
 

While many books have been written about survey research methods, few have been designed to provide the organizational practitioner with a clear, concise, and pragmatic working guide on how to go about actually doing a survey-until now. Designing and Using Organizational Surveys offers a hands-on, seven-step process to guide professionals in human resource

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Overview

While many books have been written about survey research methods, few have been designed to provide the organizational practitioner with a clear, concise, and pragmatic working guide on how to go about actually doing a survey-until now. Designing and Using Organizational Surveys offers a hands-on, seven-step process to guide professionals in human resource development, organization development, industrial-organizational psychology, training and development, and other related fields on how to conduct a successful organizational survey. Using a careful, reader-friendly approach illustrated with real-life examples from large-scale survey efforts, Allan H. Church and Janine Waclawski cover all of the critical decisions that must be made in order to conduct an effective survey. The authors review the major issues to be confronted at each stage of the process, examine the options, and suggest the appropriate action to take. They show how to put together a quality survey questionnaire, administer the survey, process and interpret the results, report the findings to the organization, and translate the newly acquired information into meaningful action. And they include practical checklists at the end of each chapter, information about technology application, approaches to action planning, and sensitive coverage of the inevitable political and human issues that arise throughout the process.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780787956776
Publisher:
Wiley
Publication date:
03/28/2001
Series:
Business and Management Series
Edition description:
1ST JOSSEY
Pages:
320
Sales rank:
847,562
Product dimensions:
6.30(w) x 9.00(h) x 1.10(d)

Table of Contents

Tables, Figures, and Exhibits xiii

Foreword xvii
Allen I. Kraut

Acknowledgments xxi

The Authors xxv

Introduction 1

What Is a Survey? 4

A Brief History of Surveys 8

Contemporary Use of Surveys 10

Surveys in Contemporary Organizational Life 12

The Seven Steps to Effective Organizational Surveys 17

1. Step One: Pooling Resources 27

Setting Clear Strategic Objectives 31

Obtaining Commitment 38

Overcoming Resistance and Apathy 42

Maintaining Confidentiality 43

Deciding What Information to Collect 45

Balancing Priorities 46

Checklist for Step One 49

2. Step Two: Developing a World-Class Survey 51

Using a Survey Design Team 53

Gathering Preliminary Information 55

Identifying Key Issues 56

Discussing Your Findings 58

Drafting the Initial Survey Document 60

Piloting the Survey 84

Checklist for Step Two 87

3. Step Three: Communicating Objectives 89

The CPR Model of Organizational Communication 91

First Contact with Employees 96

Communicating the Survey 100

Sample Survey Introduction 106

Guidelines for Communicating to Employees 107

Recognizing Informal Systems 109

Checklist for Step Three 111

4. Step Four: Administering the Survey 113

Timing of Administration 114

Working with the Project Plan 116

Sample Versus Census 120

Methods of Administration and Data Collection 122

Paper Versus Electronic Methods: A Comparison 137

Response Rates 143

Learning While Doing 146

Checklist for Step Four 147

5. Step Five: Interpreting Results 149

The Role of Statistics 150

The Importance of Timing 154

Data Entry 159

Data Preparation 162

Item-Level Analysis 172

Conceptual-Level Analysis 178

Comparative Analysis 186

Content Analysis of Write-In Comments 193

Checklist for Step Five 199

6. Step Six: Delivering the Findings 201

Understanding the Roll-Out Process 203

Preparing the Survey Report 207

Balancing Expectations and Reality 225

Checklist for Step Six 227

7. Step Seven: Learning into Action 229

Using Surveys to Create Lasting Change 232

Barriers to the Transfer of Ownership 233

A Commitment to Action 239

Four Approaches to Survey Action Planning 241

Five Critical Factors That Determine the Success of Survey Action Planning 258

The Action Planning Process 259

Linking Survey Results to Other Measures of Performance 267

Building Systems for Evaluating Success 271

The Evolving Role of the Survey Practitioner 272

Checklist for Step Seven 276

References 279

Index 287

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