Desmond Tutu: Fighting Apartheidby Samuel Willard Crompton
Cleric and civil rights activist Desmond Tutu was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1984 for being, according to the Nobel committee, "a unifying leader figure in the campaign to resolve the problem of apartheid in South Africa...." Born in 1931 and educated in South Africa and London, Tutu was ordained an Anglican priest in 1960 and named a bishop in 1977. The first black general secretary of the South African Council of Churches, Tutu preached tirelessly against apartheid and for reconciliation between people of all races in South Africa. He was named bishop of Johannesburg in 1984 and became the first black archbishop of Cape Town in 1986. After apartheid ended, he was appointed by President Nelson Mandela to head the South African Truth and Reconciliation Commission, which investigated the human rights violations that took place under apartheid.
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