Destined to Rule the Schools: Women and the Superintendency, 1873-1995 / Edition 1by Jackie M. Blount
Pub. Date: 03/19/1998
Publisher: State University of New York Press
In 1909, when she became the superintendent of the Chicago schools, Ella Flagg Young proclaimed that women were “destined to rule the schools of every/i>
Tells the story of women and school leadership in America from the common school era to the present. Offers an historical account of how teaching became women's work and the school superintendency men's.
In 1909, when she became the superintendent of the Chicago schools, Ella Flagg Young proclaimed that women were “destined to rule the schools of every city.” After all, women accounted for nearly eighty percent of all teachers by 1910 and their ascendance into formal school leadership positions could not be far behind. After World War II, however, a backlash against single women educators and a rigid realignment of gender roles in schools contributed to a rapid decline of women school administrators across the country, a decline from which there has been little recovery to the present.
Destined to Rule the Schools tells the story of women and school leadership in America from the common school era to the present. In a broad sense, it offers an historical account of how teaching became women’s work and the school superintendency men’s. Blount explores how power in school employment has been structured unequally by gender. It focuses on the superintendency because an important component of the effort to establish control of schools has occurred in contesting the definition of this position. Unique and important contributions of this volume include: the only published comprehensive statistical study describing the number of women superintendents throughout the twentieth century, an analysis suggesting that the superintendency may have become an appointive position in part to remove it from the influence of newly enfranchised women voters, a discussion of the role of homophobia in creating and perpetuating rigid gender divisions in school employment, and a broad analysis that integrates the histories of teaching and school administration.
Table of ContentsList of Figures
List of Tables
1. Their First Great Public Profession
2. A Distinctly Higher Walk
3. Out of Politics
4. A Change in Fashion
5. The Way of the Buffalo
6. Is This All?
Appendix: Historical Data on Women's Representation in the School Superintendency
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