Detection of Bulk Explosives Advanced Techniques against Terrorism: Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Research Workshop on Detection of Bulk Explosives Advanced Techniques against Terrorism St. Petersburg, Russia 16-21 June 2003 / Edition 1

Detection of Bulk Explosives Advanced Techniques against Terrorism: Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Research Workshop on Detection of Bulk Explosives Advanced Techniques against Terrorism St. Petersburg, Russia 16-21 June 2003 / Edition 1

by Hiltmar Schubert
     
 

ISBN-10: 1402019343

ISBN-13: 9781402019340

Pub. Date: 02/29/2004

Publisher: Springer Netherlands

Detection of Bulk Explosives: Advanced Techniques against Terrorism contains reviews of: existing and emerging bulk explosives detection techniques; scientific and technical policy of the Federal Border Service of the Russian Federation; challenges in application and evaluation of EDS systems for aviation security; multi-sensor approach to explosives

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Overview

Detection of Bulk Explosives: Advanced Techniques against Terrorism contains reviews of: existing and emerging bulk explosives detection techniques; scientific and technical policy of the Federal Border Service of the Russian Federation; challenges in application and evaluation of EDS systems for aviation security; multi-sensor approach to explosives detection. There are also reports devoted to the following individual explosive detection techniques: X-ray systems in airports; neutron in, gamma out techniques; neutron and gamma backscattering; nuclear quadruple resonance, including remote NQR; sub-surface radars; microwave scanners; laser-induced burst spectroscopy (LIBS); acoustic sensors; nonlinear location (NUD); systems for localization and destruction of explosive objects. While the long term goal - 100% detection, 0% false alarms - is an "impossible" dream, the short term goal - improvement of current detection systems - is achievable in a timely and cost-effective manner. While in some scenarios the general direction of work is to reduce the inspection time, in other scenarios time will be sacrificed in favor of 100% detection probability. Strengthening ties in the scientist - developer - industry - technology user - policy maker chain is the most urgent task, if timely and adequate answers to ever-evolving terrorist threats are to be found.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9781402019340
Publisher:
Springer Netherlands
Publication date:
02/29/2004
Series:
Nato Science Series II: (closed), #138
Edition description:
2004
Pages:
232
Product dimensions:
6.10(w) x 9.25(h) x 0.36(d)

Table of Contents

Preface
Acknowledgement
Detection of Explosives1
Overview of Bulk Explosives Detection Techniques7
Outcome of the NATO ARW "Vapor and Trace Detection of Explosives for Antiterrorism Purposes" in Moscow31
Classification of Technologies for Bulk Detection of Explosives39
Multi Level Concepts for the Detection of Explosives45
Method of Hidden Explosives Detection Using Reflected Low Power Gamma Irradiation53
Bulk Explosive Detection by Neutron Interrogation: Results from the Explodet Collaboration
The Main Tasks of the Scientific and Technical Policy of the Federal Border Service of the Russian Federation in its Struggle Against Terrorism83
Detection and Identification of Bulk Explosives Using Portable Neutron Generators85
Detection of Hidden Explosives by Nanosecond Neutron Analysis Technique89
Technology of Elemental Analysis with Usage of Generators of Neutrons for Detection of Explosive Devices Established in a Soil, Luggage and Other Subjects105
The Detection of Explosives in Airport Luggage Using the Direct Nuclear Quadrupole Resonance Method113
Detection of Ammonium Nitrate Inside Vehicles by Nuclear Quadrupole Resonance125
Challenges in Application and Evaluation of EDS Systems for Aviation Security127
Circuits of Digital Signal Processing in NOR137
The Design Philosophy of the Combined Systems for Detection of Explosive Substances Using X-Ray and TNA Devices149
Sub-Surface Location: Techniques and Equipment Some practical results from Russia155
Detection of Explosives Using Continuous Microwaves161
Application of LIBS Spectroscopy for Remote Bulk Detection of Explosives167
Using of Acoustic Techniques for Detection of Explosives in Gas, Liquid and Solid Mediums175
Analysis of the Possibility of Explosives Detection with Pulsed Neutrons Sounding Method185
Complex System for Detection, Localization and Destruction of Explosive Materials in Suspect Objects Found in Public Areas195
EUDEM 2: Overview and Some Early Findings201
Possibility of Using X-Ray Inspection Systems for Detection of Terrorism-Related Explosives209
Method for Detection of Fissioning and Explosive Substances211
Fast Neutron Analysis at the Swedish Defence Research Agency (FOI)219
Detection of Bulk Explosives with Inelastic Fast Neutrons Scattering225

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