Detection Technologies For Chemical Warfare Agents And Toxic Vapors

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Overview

A much-needed source of information on toxic vapor detection with an emphasis on common chemical warfare agents, Detection Technologies for Chemical Warfare Agents and Toxic Industrial Chemicals capitalizes on the authors' experience in the field. It provides up-to-date insight into pertinent physical, chemical, and toxicological properties of dangerous chemical warfare agents and contains a list of toxic industrial chemicals. The text includes a review of federal detection requirements and discusses technology used for the detection of these chemicals. This easily understood text, which explains current detection devices, is a key tool for technical and emergency response personnel.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781566706681
  • Publisher: Taylor & Francis
  • Publication date: 8/1/2004
  • Pages: 288
  • Product dimensions: 6.14 (w) x 9.21 (h) x 0.69 (d)

Table of Contents

INTRODUCTION
Historical Overview
Chemical Warfare Agents
Toxic Industrial Compounds
CWA and TIC Detection

CHEMICAL WARFARE AGENTS AND TOXIC INDUSTRIAL CHEMICALS
Chemical, Physical, and Toxicological Properties
Toxic Properties
Common CWAs
Nerve Agents, Blister Agents, Blood Agents
Toxic Industrial Compounds
GOVERNMENT POLICIES AND PROGRAMS
CWA Detection Standards and Criteria for Deployment
Joint Services Operational Requirements for Chemical Agent Detectors
Objective and Approaches at Dugway Proving Ground
JCAD Requirements for Detection and Identification Functions
General Capabilities Necessary to Mitigate Vulnerability
Evaluation of Commercially Available Detection Devices for Certification as CWA Detectors
Safety Risk Assessment for Release of Tested, Contractor-Owned Materials to Contractor
VAPOR GENERATION TECHNIQUES
Gas Law and Gas Concentration
Vapor Generation Methods
Dilution and Mixing System
Comparison of Generation Techniques
Humidification of Generated Vapor
Generation of CWA or TIC Vapor with Interferent Vapor
CWA Simulants
DETECTOR SELECTION FACTORS
Selectivity
Sensitivity
Limit of Detection
Response Dynamic Range
Quantitative Analysis Capability
False Alarm Rate
Response Time
Resistance to Environmental Conditions
Setup and Warmup Time
Calibration/Verification in Field Applications
Other Factors
ION MOBILITY SPECTROMETRY
Principle of Operation
Instrumentation of Typical IMS Detector
Technique Specification
Applications
Fact Sheets for Selected IMS-Based Detectors
FLAME PHOTOMETRY
Principle of Operation
Instrumentation
Technical Specifications
Pulsed Flame Photometry
Applications
Fact Sheets on Selected Photometry-Based Detectors
INFRARED SPECTROSCOPY
Principle of Operation
Instrumentation of Filter IR and Photoacoustic Detectors
Fourier Transform Infrared Detectors
Applications
Fact Sheets for Selected IR-Based Detectors

SURFACE ACOUSTIC WAVE AND ELECTROCHEMICAL TECHNIQUES
Principle of Operation of SAW Devices
Instrumentation
Analysis Processes
Technical Specifications
Applications
Electrochemical Sensors
Fact Sheets for Selected SAW and/or Electrochemical Detectors

COLORIMETRIC TECHNOLOGY
Principle of Operation
Instrumentation
Applications
Fact Sheets on Selected Colorimetric-Technique—Based Detectors
PHOTOIONIZATION AND FLAME IONIZATION DETECTION TECHNIQUES
Photoionization Technique
Flame Ionization Technology
Comparison of Photoionization, Flame Ionization, and Flame Photometric Techniques Applications
FUTURE TRENDS IN CWA AND TIC DETECTION
Material Safety Data Sheet
Standing Operating Procedure
Index of Chemical Agent Detectors and Supplies and
Manufacturers
Glossary and Abbreviations
Bibliography
Index

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