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Deterring International Terrorism and Rogue States: US National Security Policy after 9/11 / Edition 1

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This new study challenges the widely held view that many current US adversaries cannot be deterred, maintaining that deterrence should shape US policies toward so-called rogue states and terrorist groups. The book critically assesses the 'three pillars' of the Bush administration's national security policy: missile defense, which preoccupied the administration until 9/11; preemption, which became the US focus after the 9/11 attacks; and homeland security, which the administration embraced immediately in the aftermath of the attacks. James Lebovic argues that US policy has suffered because of severe deficiencies in US strategies. US policymakers promote defensive strategies when they should be emphasizing offensive ones, promote offensive strategies when they should be emphasizing defensive ones, and promote pre-emptive strategies when they should be relying upon threats to punish countries for acquiring or using illicit weaponry. Deterring International Terrorism and Rogue States ultimately establishes that inadequate offensive and defensive strategies have led US policymakers to pursue open-ended policies without adequate concern for resource trade-offs, overreach and unintended consequences. This book will be of great interest to students of US foreign policy, national and international security, terrorism and International Relations in general.

About the Author:
James H, Lebovic is on the faculty of the Department of Political Science and the Elliott School of International Affairs at the George Washington University, USA

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780415771436
  • Publisher: Taylor & Francis
  • Publication date: 12/15/2006
  • Series: Contemporary Security Studies Series
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 240
  • Product dimensions: 6.14 (w) x 9.21 (h) x 0.56 (d)

Table of Contents

List of figures     xi
Acknowledgments     xii
List of abbreviations     xiii
Introduction: deterrence in a changing world     1
The contemporary policy debate     2
Deterrence: Cold War-era limitations     4
The book     9
Viewing the present through the past     11
Constitutive concepts     11
Pivotal assumptions: rationality and non-rationality     17
Extending deterrence: the challenges to retaliatory policies     20
Compellence: the limits of deterrence     22
Conclusions     24
On the offensive against rogue states: punishment and denial strategies     26
Punishment: a counter-value strategy     27
Denial: "damage limitation" through preemption     44
Punishment and denial: economic sanctions     60
Conclusions     69
A defensive-denial strategy against rogue states: national missile defense     72
The "conditional" undeterred adversary     74
The coercive use of nuclear weapons     82
The offense-defense balance     87
Extended deterrence and defense     94
Conclusions     101
On the offensive against terrorists:punishment and denial strategies     104
The rational, coherent actor     105
The political context     116
Organizational elements     131
Conclusions     143
A defensive-denial strategy against terrorists: homeland security     147
Terrorist capabilities to attack a target     149
Terrorist payoffs from an attack     153
Terrorist selection of targets to attack     158
Terrorist selection of the number of targets to attack     167
Conclusions and implications     170
Final thoughts: the strengths and limits of deterrence     177
Main conclusions     177
Maintaining perspective     181
Appendix     183
Notes     186
References     198
Index     214
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