Developing Your Theoretical Orientation in Counseling and Psychotherapy / Edition 2

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Developing Your Theoretical Orientation in Counseling and Psychotherapy provides therapists-in-training with tools, strategies, and activities to formulate their response to the age-old question, "What's your theoretical orientation?" The underpinnings of counseling and psychotherapy are based in its theoretical foundation. This text gives students the understanding and the tools to develop a theoretical orientation throughout their training program. The innovative Second Edition incorporates cultural competencies and alternatives views of theoretical orientation, such as strategic eclecticism, as well as provides a greater focus on constructivist and family theories.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780137152575
  • Publisher: Pearson
  • Publication date: 7/29/2010
  • Series: Pearson Custom Education Series
  • Edition description: Older Edition
  • Edition number: 2
  • Pages: 128
  • Sales rank: 643,201
  • Product dimensions: 6.80 (w) x 9.00 (h) x 0.30 (d)

Meet the Author

Duane’s research interests include school counseling, philosophical counseling, and technology in counseling. Kimberly’s research includes diversity competences for helping professions and the medical fields. They recently co-authored Essentials of Cultural Competencies in Pharmacy Practice with the American Pharmacists Association. They have both been active Counselor Educators and worked in private practice.
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Table of Contents

Chapter 1 Why Theoretical Orientation Is Important 1

A Personal Experience 1

The Big Puzzle 2

What is Theoretical Orientation? 3

The Helper's Tool Belt 3

What Can A Theoretical Orientation Do For Me? 4

How Have Others Picked A Theoretical Orientation? 5

What If I'm Eclectic? 6

Guidance From The Dodo Bird Effect: Do They All Work? 7

Once I Have It, How Can I Use It? 8

How Are Theoretical Orientation And Ethics Related? 8

The Main Points 9

Reflection Questions 9

Chapter 2 Incorporating Theory Into Practice 11

Making Theory Useful: A Model 11

Theory Development 12

Importance of Your Life Philosophy 13

Schools of Thought 14

Theories 15

Goals And Techniques: Interventions At Work 16

Counselors Are Diverse 17

Resistance To Theories: Eclectic, Integrated, Or Just Don't Know 18

Does It Really Work? 20

What To Take Home 21

Reflection Questions 22

Chapter 3 Top 10 Ways to Find Your Theoretical Orientation 23

Find Yourself 24

Articulate Your Values 24

Survey Your Preferences With The Selective Theory Sorter 26

Use Your Personality 26

Taking the MBTI 33

Capture Yourself 33

Let Others Inspire You In Your Learning 34

Read Original Works 34

Get Real 34

Study With a Master 35

Broaden Your Experinces 36

Top 10 WRAP-UP 36

Reflection Questions 37

Suggested Readings and Webpages 37

Chapter 4 Six Schools of Thought and Their Theories of Helping 43

Psychodynamic School Of Thought 47

Psychoanalytic Theory 47

Analytical Theory 51

Individual Psychology 54

Behavioral School Of Thought 56

Behavioral Therapy 57

Humanistic School Of Thought 60

Person-Centered 60

Existential 62

Gestalt 65

Pragmatic School of Thought 67

Cognitive Behavioral 68

Rational Emotive Behavioral Therapy 69

Reality Therapy 71

Constructivist School Of Thought 73

Multicultural Counseling and Therapy 73

Feminist Therapy 75

Narrative Therapy 77

Solution-Focused Brief Therapy 80

Family School Of Thought 81

Bowen Family Systems Therapy 82

Strategic Family Therapy 83

Structural Family Therapy 84

Summary 87

Reflection Questions 87

Chapter 5 Case Examples for Integrating Theory into Practice 89

Clinician Case Studies 89

Case 1 Evan 90

Case 2 Jill 92

Case 3 Garrett 93

Case 4 Ryan 96

Comment on the Cases 96

Client Case Studies 97

Case 1 Tony 97

Case 2 Nancy 98

Case 3 Brenda 98

Supervisory Case Studies 99

Case 1 Grace 99

Case 2 Casey 100

Case 3 Dominic 100

Summary of Cases 101

Putting It All Together 101

Importance Revisited 101

How Theory Is Found 102

Empirically Validated Treatments 102

Benefit of the ITS Model 103

The Field 103

References 105

Index 111

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