Development, Security and Unending War / Edition 1

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According to politicians, we now live in a radically interconnected world. Unless there is international stability - even in the most distant places - the West's way of life is threatened. In meeting this global danger, reducing poverty and developing the unstable regions of the world are now imperative. In what has become a truism of the post-Cold War period, security without development is questionable, while development without security is impossible.

In this accessible and path-breaking book, Mark Duffield questions this conventional wisdom and lays bare development not as a way of bettering other people but of governing them. He offers a profound critique of the new wave of Western humanitarian and peace interventionism, arguing that rather than bridging the lifechance divide between development and underdevelopment, it maintains and polices it. As part of the defence of an insatiable mass consumer society, those living beyond its borders must be content with self-reliance.

With case studies drawn from Mozambique, Ethiopia and Afghanistan, the book provides a critical and historically informed analysis of the NGO movement, humanitarian intervention, sustainable development, human security, coherence, fragile states, migration and the place of racism within development. It is a must-read for all students and scholars of development, humanitarian intervention and security studies as well as anyone concerned with our present predicament.

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
“This book should certainly appear on reading lists as animportant counterpoint to more optimistic liberal internationalistand cosmopolitan approaches.”
Times Higher Education

“Duffield’s book turns the liberal vision of theworld upside down.”

“Mark Duffield has written a brilliant book which drawstogether the strings of the end of the Cold War, the securitizationof politics, the development of a neo-liberal discourse ofhumanitarian intervention, and the fusion of the national and theinternational. Particularly compelling is his contrarian view ofthe consequences of the liberation of the UN from the shackles ofthe Cold War.”
Janice Stein, University of Toronto

“Once again, Mark Duffield has gone beyond the platitudesof 'development speak', 'security speak' and 'humanitarian speak'.The book is crammed with insights and with challenges to receivedwisdom.”
David Keen, London School of Economics and PoliticalScience

“Humanitarian and development aid and actors ascounterinsurgency: in this carefully documented but devastatinganalysis of the people-centred technology of security for the Westsince the mid-1990s and its historical context, Duffield providesboth practitioners and scholars with an interpretive framework forthe new North–South division and consequences of liberalinternationalism that is original and challenging and which demandsserious debate.”
Susan L. Woodward, City University of New York

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780745635798
  • Publisher: Wiley
  • Publication date: 12/10/2007
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 280
  • Product dimensions: 6.00 (w) x 9.00 (h) x 0.75 (d)

Meet the Author

Mark Duffield is Professor of Development Politics at the University of Bristol.

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Table of Contents



The liberal problematic of security.

Biopolitics, liberalism and development.

Surplus population and accumulation by dispossession.

Slavery and excess freedom.

The biopolitics of development and underdevelopment.

Dividing insured and non-insured peoples.

From internal war to global instability.

Occupation and contingent sovereignty.

Disturbing the boundaries of time and space.


Total war and the paradox of biopolitics.

NGOs and total war.

The colonial inheritance.

Expansion without imperial reconciliation.

Emergency and the dilemma of development.

Cold War liminality and non-state sovereignty.

Sustainable development: knowledge makes free.

The question of agency: being the right type.



From modernisation to sustainable development.

Emergency and contingent sovereignty.

Negotiated access and the humanitarian boom.

Emergency and the external sovereign frontier.


The background to a ‘complex emergency’.

The changing relationship with NGOs.

War and the destruction of culture.

The re-emergence of social cohesion.

Opposing economic differentiation.

Non-material development.

Gender, natural economy and land.

Concluding remarks.


Human security as a technology of governance.

Internal war and the crisis of containment.

Globalising versus containing tendencies.

Reinstating the state.

Containing underdevelopment.

Unending war, human security and NGOs.


From negotiation to coercion.

The strategic framework for Afghanistan.

Development and security in practice.

Aid and peace-building in a failed state.

The limits of principled engagement.

Problematising state-based politics.

UNSMA and the critique of aid.

Concluding Remarks.


Fragility and global instability.

Contingent sovereignty and non-material development.

The governance state.

The fragile state and liberal imperialism.

Reintroducing native administration.

Culture and the limits of government.

The necessity of despotism.

Adjusting government to culture.

Technologies of post-interventionary governance.

Concluding remarks.


The collapse of the national/international dichotomy.

From race war to racism.

Liberalism, imperialism and culture.

Decolonisation and the new racism.

Racism and anti-racism.

Conjoining the internal and external frontiers.

Migration and the European state of exception.

The changing regime of internal development.

Concluding remarks.


The biopolitics of insured and non-insured life.

Development and Emergency.

Governmentalising petty sovereignty.

The biopolitics of unending war.

Is there an alternative development?.

The solidarity of the governed.



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