Developmental Influences on Adult Intelligence: The Seattle Longitudinal Study / Edition 2

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Overview

"In Developmental Influences on Adult Intelligence, Warner Schaie lays out the reasons that we should continue to study cognitive development in adulthood, and presents the history, latest data, and results from the Seattle Longitudinal Study (SLS), which now extends to over 45 years." The data in this volume include the 1998 longitudinal cycle of the SLS. In light of both new data and revised analyses, psychometric and neuropsychological assessments have been linked in long-term data to aid in the early identification of risk for dementia in later life. Schaie also presents new data and conclusions on the impact of personality on cognition. The volume includes correlation matrices and web-access information for select data sets that might be useful for secondary analysis or as examples for exercises in methods classes. Developmental Influences on Adult Intelligence is an important resource for researchers and students in developmental, cognitive, and social psychology.
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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
"There are probably no books that can compare with this one in the field of adult intelligence. The Seattle Longitudinal Study has been going on for 49 years under the direction of the principle researcher, Dr. Schaie. Everything you wanted to know about intellectual development and changes in adulthood is here. It is fascinating reading and is ful of statistical analysis. This book is comprehensive and readers will not be disappointed." —Doody's

"This work represents an extraordinary odyssey in the field of human cognition. Dr. Schaie's lifetime effort in the longitudinal study is unparalleled. This publication gives the history of a project that has lasted decades, its ups and downs, and its surprising conclusions about what happens to human intellect over the life span. I recommend this work to all those interested it what happens to their intellect over time, as well as to students, physicians, and psychologists treating patients and performing gerontologic research." —Jerome Yesavage, Professor of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Stanford University

"Developmental Influences on Adult Intelligence is the most recent summary of findings from the Seattle Longitudinal Study. This remarkable study, initiated in 1956, is arguably the longest running and most comprehensive examination of intellectual aging available today. The present volume is a follow-up to Professor Schaie's 1996 monograph Intellectual Development in Adulthood. In addition to reviewing the design and method of the SLS and updating cross-sectional and longitudinal findings to include results from the 1998 longitudinal cycle, the present volume breaks new ground with an extensive examination of how environmental, health-related, and familial influences affect intellectual development across adulthood. This wealth of new information will be of interest to all gerontologists." —David Hultsch, Director, Centre on Aging, University of Victoria

"Developmental Influences on Adult Intelligence is a tour de force. The Seattle Longitudinal Study, unparalleled in its comprehensive account of intellectual change across adulthood, played a critical role in the scientific understanding of intelligence. In this volume, K. W. Schaie, who started the study and centrally led the field, synthesizes decades of research into a highly readable story about the gains and losses associated with intellectual performance as people age, the roles played by personality, family, and health in age-related changes, and the challenges of conducting longitudinal research. This volume is essential reading for anyone who desires a nuanced account of intellectual aging." —Laura L. Carstensen, Professor of Psychology, Stanford University

"Understanding the intelligence of the mind across the stages of life and across historical contexts is central to the science of human aging. Schaie's longitudinal study, spanning close to 50 years and several generations, defines the field and, in addition, illustrates how a creative longitudinal scholar is able to rejuvenate his work by extensions in theory and method. This book will be a classic!" —Dr. Paul B. Baltes, Sekretariat Professor, Max Planck Institute for Human Development

Doody's Review Service
Reviewer: Gary B Kaniuk, Psy.D.(Cermak Health Services)
Description: This book describes and updates the Seattle Longitudinal Study, a study of adult intelligence which first began in 1956. It also discusses how other variables such as environmental, health, and familial influences affect intelligence across the adult lifespan.
Purpose: According to the author, "the purpose of this volume is to update my monograph "Intellectual Development in Adulthood: The Seattle Longitudinal Study" (Schaie, 1996b), which was written to present in one place the program of studies conducted by me, my associates, and my students that has come to be known as the Seattle Longitudinal Study (SLS). I want to make clear from the onset that this volume is not simply an update, but has the major purpose of showing more explicitly how environmental, health-related, and familial influences affect intellectual development across adulthood." (p. 3).
Audience: The book is intended for researchers and students in developmental, cognitive, and social psychology. The author is the Evan Pugh Professor of Human Development and Psychology at Pennsylvania State University. He has authored more than 250 articles and chapters on the psychology of aging and 42 books. He has an impressive resume, including this incredible research project which has continued for 49 years.
Features: The book describes the Seattle Longitudinal Study in depth. It consists of seven waves, along with follow-up of all previous subjects who could be contacted. Throughout the study, five major questions have been the focus, including: 1. Does intelligence change uniformly through adulthood, or are there different life course ability patterns? 2. At what age is there a reliably detectable decrement in ability, and what is its magnitude? 3. What are the patterns of generational differences, and what is their magnitude? 4. What accounts for individual differences in age-related change in adulthood? 5. Can intellectual decline with increasing age be reversed by educational intervention? The book is full of research and statistical information.
Assessment: There are probably no books that can compare with this one in the field of adult intelligence. The Seattle Longitudinal Study has been going on for 49 years under the direction of the principal researcher, Dr. Schaie. Everything you wanted to know about intellectual development and changes in adulthood is here. It is fascinating reading and is full of statistical analysis. This book is comprehensive and readers will not be disappointed.

4 Stars! from Doody
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780195386134
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • Publication date: 11/30/2012
  • Edition number: 2
  • Pages: 600
  • Product dimensions: 6.10 (w) x 9.30 (h) x 2.00 (d)

Meet the Author

K. Warner Schaie is the Evan Pugh Professor of Human Development and Psychology at the Pennsylvania State University. He also holds an appointment as Affiliate Professor of Psychiatry and behavioral Science at the University of Washington. He received his Ph.D. in psychology from the University of Washington, an honorary D. Phil from the Friedrich Schiller University of Jena, and an honorary Sci D. from West Virginia University. He has authored or edited more than 250 articles and chapters on the psychology of aging, and 42 books, including the textbook, Adult Development and Aging (with S.L. Willis), and the Handbook of Psychology of Aging (with J.E. Birren), both now in their fifth editions.

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Table of Contents

1. Introduction and Preview
2. Methodological Issues
3. The Database
4. Cross-Sectional Studies
5. Longitudinal Studies
6. Studies of Cohort and Period Differences
7. Intervention Studies
8. Methodological Studies
9. The Relationship Between Cognitive Styles and Intellectual Functioning
10. Health and Maintenance of Intellectual Functioning
11. Health Behaviors and Intellectual Functioning
12. Lifestyle Variables That Affect Intellectual Functioning
13. The Sequential Study of Personality Traits and Attitudes
14. Influences of Personality on Cognition
15. Family Studies of Intellectual Abilities in Adulthood
16. Subjective Perceptions of Cognitive Change
17. Influences of Family Environment on Cognition
18. Biological Influences on Cognitive Change
19. The Prediction of Individual Cognitive Decline
20. The Role of Longitudinal Studies in the Early Detection of Dementia
21. Summary and Conclusions
Appendix Tables
References
Index

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