Developmental Influences on Adult Intelligence: The Seattle Longitudinal Study / Edition 2

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Adult cognitive development is one of the most important yet most neglected aspects in the study of human psychology. Although the development of cognition and intelligence during childhood and adolescence is of great interest to researchers, educators, and parents, many assume that this development stops progressing in any significant manner when people reach adulthood. In fact, cognition and intelligence do continue to progress in very significant ways.

In this second edition of Developmental Influences on Adult Intelligence, K. Warner Schaie presents the history, latest data, and results from the Seattle Longitudinal Study (SLS). The purpose of the SLS is to study various aspects of psychological development during the adult years. Initiated in 1956 and focusing on a random sample of 500 adults ranging in age from 25 to 95 years old, the SLS is organized around five questions: Does intelligence change uniformly throughout adulthood, or are there different life-course-ability patterns? At what age and at what magnitude can decrement in ability be reliably detected? What are the patterns and magnitude of generational differences? What accounts for individual differences in age-related change in adulthood? Can the intellectual decline that increases with age be reversed by educational intervention? The first edition of the book provided an account of the SLS through the 1998 (seventh wave) data collection and of the associated family study through the 1996 (second wave) data collection. Since that time, Schaie and his collaborators have conducted several additional data collections. These include a further longitudinal follow-up in 2005/06, a longitudinal follow-up and 3rd data collection for the family study in 2003/04, and acquisition of a 3rd generation sample in 2002. Hence, virtually all of the content from the first edition has been updated and expanded, and three new chapters are included on Health Behaviors and Intellectual Functioning, Biological Influences on Cognitive Change, and Prediction of Individual Cognitive Decline. This new edition is a valuable resource for researchers and practitioners specializing in adult development, aging, and adult education, as well as students and faculty in developmental, cognitive, and social psychology, psychiatry, nursing, social work, and the social sciences interested in issues of human aging.

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher

"Overall, this book paints a comprehensive picture of the history and findings of the
SLS. It offers an SLS-based perspective on adult intelligence that captivates because of its extensive empirical basis." -- PsycCRITIQUES

Doody's Review Service
Reviewer: Gary B Kaniuk, Psy.D.(Cermak Health Services)
Description: This book describes and updates the Seattle Longitudinal Study, a study of adult intelligence which first began in 1956. It also discusses how other variables such as environmental, health, and familial influences affect intelligence across the adult lifespan.
Purpose: According to the author, "the purpose of this volume is to update my monograph "Intellectual Development in Adulthood: The Seattle Longitudinal Study" (Schaie, 1996b), which was written to present in one place the program of studies conducted by me, my associates, and my students that has come to be known as the Seattle Longitudinal Study (SLS). I want to make clear from the onset that this volume is not simply an update, but has the major purpose of showing more explicitly how environmental, health-related, and familial influences affect intellectual development across adulthood." (p. 3).
Audience: The book is intended for researchers and students in developmental, cognitive, and social psychology. The author is the Evan Pugh Professor of Human Development and Psychology at Pennsylvania State University. He has authored more than 250 articles and chapters on the psychology of aging and 42 books. He has an impressive resume, including this incredible research project which has continued for 49 years.
Features: The book describes the Seattle Longitudinal Study in depth. It consists of seven waves, along with follow-up of all previous subjects who could be contacted. Throughout the study, five major questions have been the focus, including: 1. Does intelligence change uniformly through adulthood, or are there different life course ability patterns? 2. At what age is there a reliably detectable decrement in ability, and what is its magnitude? 3. What are the patterns of generational differences, and what is their magnitude? 4. What accounts for individual differences in age-related change in adulthood? 5. Can intellectual decline with increasing age be reversed by educational intervention? The book is full of research and statistical information.
Assessment: There are probably no books that can compare with this one in the field of adult intelligence. The Seattle Longitudinal Study has been going on for 49 years under the direction of the principal researcher, Dr. Schaie. Everything you wanted to know about intellectual development and changes in adulthood is here. It is fascinating reading and is full of statistical analysis. This book is comprehensive and readers will not be disappointed.

4 Stars! from Doody
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780195386134
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • Publication date: 11/30/2012
  • Edition number: 2
  • Pages: 600
  • Product dimensions: 6.10 (w) x 9.30 (h) x 2.00 (d)

Meet the Author

K. Warner Schaie, Affiliate Professor of Psychiatry and Behavioral Science, University of Washington and the Evan Pugh Professor Emeritus of Human Development and Psychology at the Pennsylvania State University. Dr. Schaie received the Kleemeier Award for Distinguished Research Contributions from the Gerontological Society of America, the MENSA lifetime career award, and the Distinguished Scientific Contributions Award from the American Psychological Association. He is author or editor of 58 books and has written more than 300 journal articles and chapters on the psychology of aging. He has directed the Seattle Longitudinal Study of Cognitive Aging since 1956.

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Table of Contents

1. Introduction and Preview
2. Methodological Issues
3. The Database
4. Cross-Sectional Studies
5. Longitudinal Studies
6. Studies of Cohort and Period Differences
7. Intervention Studies
8. Methodological Studies
9. The Relationship Between Cognitive Styles and Intellectual Functioning
10. Health and Maintenance of Intellectual Functioning
11. Health Behaviors and Intellectual Functioning
12. Lifestyle Variables That Affect Intellectual Functioning
13. The Sequential Study of Personality Traits and Attitudes
14. Influences of Personality on Cognition
15. Family Studies of Intellectual Abilities in Adulthood
16. Subjective Perceptions of Cognitive Change
17. Influences of Family Environment on Cognition
18. Biological Influences on Cognitive Change
19. The Prediction of Individual Cognitive Decline
20. The Role of Longitudinal Studies in the Early Detection of Dementia
21. Summary and Conclusions
Appendix Tables

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