Developmental Plasticity and Evolution [NOOK Book]

Overview

The first comprehensive synthesis on development and evolution: it applies to all aspects of development, at all levels of organization and in all organisms, taking advantage of modern findings on behavior, genetics, endocrinology, molecular biology, evolutionary theory and phylogenetics to show the connections between developmental mechanisms and evolutionary change. This book solves key problems that have impeded a definitive synthesis in the past. It uses new concepts and specific examples to show how to ...
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Developmental Plasticity and Evolution

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Overview

The first comprehensive synthesis on development and evolution: it applies to all aspects of development, at all levels of organization and in all organisms, taking advantage of modern findings on behavior, genetics, endocrinology, molecular biology, evolutionary theory and phylogenetics to show the connections between developmental mechanisms and evolutionary change. This book solves key problems that have impeded a definitive synthesis in the past. It uses new concepts and specific examples to show how to relate environmentally sensitive development to the genetic theory of adaptive evolution and to explain major patterns of change. In this book development includes not only embryology and the ontogeny of morphology, sometimes portrayed inadequately as governed by "regulatory genes," but also behavioral development and physiological adaptation, where plasticity is mediated by genetically complex mechanisms like hormones and learning. The book shows how the universal qualities of phenotypes--modular organization and plasticity--facilitate both integration and change. Here you will learn why it is wrong to describe organisms as genetically programmed; why environmental induction is likely to be more important in evolution than random mutation; and why it is crucial to consider both selection and developmental mechanism in explanations of adaptive evolution. This book satisfies the need for a truly general book on development, plasticity and evolution that applies to living organisms in all of their life stages and environments. Using an immense compendium of examples on many kinds of organisms, from viruses and bacteria to higher plants and animals, it shows how the phenotype is reorganized during evolution to produce novelties, and how alternative phenotypes occupy a pivotal role as a phase of evolution that fosters diversification and speeds change. The arguments of this book call for a new view of the major themes of evolutionary biology, as shown in chapters on gradualism, homology, environmental induction, speciation, radiation, macroevolution, punctuation, and the maintenance of sex. No other treatment of development and evolution since Darwin's offers such a comprehensive and critical discussion of the relevant issues. Developmental Plasticity and Evolution is designed for biologists interested in the development and evolution of behavior, life-history patterns, ecology, physiology, morphology and speciation. It will also appeal to evolutionary paleontologists, anthropologists, psychologists, and teachers of general biology.

The Professional and Scholarly Publishing Division of the AAP awarded Developmental Plasticity and Evolution by Mary Jane West-Eberhard (Oxford) the R.R. Hawkins Award for the Outstanding Professional, Reference or Scholarly Work of 2003.

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher

"This book does not propose a radical departure from current evolutionary theory; rather it is a truly novel synthesis of evolutionary and developmental biology that is sure to profoundly affect the way biologists view the natural world. A must-read for any serious student of evolution and a must-have for any biological literature collection."--Choice

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780199880737
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • Publication date: 2/12/2003
  • Sold by: Barnes & Noble
  • Format: eBook
  • File size: 13 MB
  • Note: This product may take a few minutes to download.

Table of Contents

Pt. 1 Framework for a Synthesis
Ch. 1 Gaps and Inconsistencies in Modern Evolutionary Thought 3
Ch. 2 Material for a Synthesis 21
Ch. 3 Plasticity 34
Ch. 4 Modularity 56
Ch. 5 Development 89
Ch. 6 Adaptive Evolution 139
Ch. 7 Principles of Development and Evolution 159
Ch. 8 Darwin's Theory of Development and Evolution 188
Pt. II The Origins of Novelty
Ch. 9 The Nature and Analysis of Phenotypic Transitions 197
Ch. 10 Duplication 209
Ch. 11 Deletion 218
Ch. 12 Reversion 232
Ch. 13 Heterochrony 241
Ch. 14 Heterotopy 255
Ch. 15 Cross-Sexual Transfer 260
Ch. 16 Quantitative Shifts and Correlated Change 296
Ch. 17 Combinatorial Evolution at the Molecular Level 317
Ch. 18 Phenotypic Recombination Due to Learning 337
Ch. 19 Recurrence 353
Pt. III Alternative Phenotypes
Ch. 20 Alternative Phenotypes as a Phase of Evolution 377
Ch. 21 Divergence without Speciation 394
Ch. 22 Maintenance without Equilibrium 417
Ch. 23 Assessment 440
Pt. IV Developmental Plasticity and the Major Themes of Evolutionary Biology
Ch. 24 Gradualism 471
Ch. 25 Homology 485
Ch. 26 Environmental Modifications 498
Ch. 27 Speciation 526
Ch. 28 Adaptive Radiation 564
Ch. 29 Macroevolution 598
Ch. 30 Punctuation 617
Ch. 31 One Final Word: Sex 630
Literature Cited 639
Author Index 745
Taxonomic Index 759
Subject Index 767
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