Deviance Process: Third Edition

Overview

Unlike texts that view deviance as an ?essence,? independent of the mind of the observer, Pfuhl and Henry perceive deviance, and its opposite, ?normality,? as impermanent, human creations, resulting from people interacting with one another?the outcome of the antagonisms, contradictions and conflicts in society. The perspective used is identified as social constructionist: one that includes elements of interactionsts and phenomenological sociology.

This thoroughly revised and ...

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Overview

Unlike texts that view deviance as an “essence,” independent of the mind of the observer, Pfuhl and Henry perceive deviance, and its opposite, “normality,” as impermanent, human creations, resulting from people interacting with one another—the outcome of the antagonisms, contradictions and conflicts in society. The perspective used is identified as social constructionist: one that includes elements of interactionsts and phenomenological sociology.

This thoroughly revised and updated text offers students a study of deviance from a perspective that will correspond to their everyday experience.

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
“This work is an excellent supporting text for any deviancy course, and stands on its own as a treatise on the deviancy process.” —Contemporary Sociology
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780202304700
  • Publisher: Transaction Publishers
  • Publication date: 12/31/1993
  • Series: Social Problems and Social Issues Series
  • Edition description: 3rd ed
  • Edition number: 3
  • Pages: 281
  • Product dimensions: 5.90 (w) x 9.00 (h) x 0.80 (d)

Meet the Author

Stuart Henry is Professor of Criminology in the Department of Sociology, Anthropology, and Criminology at Eastern Michigan University. Dr. Henry has published several books and over 50 journal articles on aspects of crime, deviance, and informal social control. Among his books are; Private Justice, The Informal Economy, and Degrees of Deviance.

Erdwin H. Pfuhl is Emeritus Professor of Sociology at Arizona State University. He has been affiliated with several universities in the United States, Canada, and England. His teaching, research and publications have focused on delinquency, deviant behavior, the sociology of law, and several aspects of the criminal justice system.

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Table of Contents

Preface
1 Studying Deviance
A Sociological View of Deviance 3
Constructing Social Reality 14
Multiple Realities and Problematic Meanings 20
Deviance as Social Reality 22
2 Counting Deviants
The Social Construction of Official Statistics 29
3 Breaking Rules
Causal Explanations of Deviance: The Exception Not the Rule 49
Breaking Rules: Effective Environment, Biography, and Behavior 53
Biography, Affinity, and Willingness 55
Willingness and the Neutralization of Moral Constraints 61
Willingness and Values 70
Turning On - Turning Off 74
The Question of Motives 77
Rule-Breaking as Negotiated Events 82
4 Banning
The Social Creation of Moral Meanings 85
Resolving Distress: Instrumental and Symbolic Goals 88
Moral Conversion 91
Folklore: Myths, Legends, and Truth 98
Alliances, Testimonials, and Endorsements 104
Power 107
5 Creating Deviants
The Status of Deviant 121
Stereotypy 125
Institutionalizing Deviance 131
Retrospective Interpretation 135
The Status Degradation Ceremony 139
Constructing Moral Character: The Juvenile Court 142
The Case of Total Institutions 146
Resistance to Labeling 149
6 Consequences of Stigma
Stigma and Spoiled Identities 157
Consequences of Labeling: Theory 158
Consequences of Labeling: Practicalities 164
Stigma and the Primary Deviant 169
Social Consequences of Stigma 174
Deviance Amplification 179
Resolving the Pros and Cons 182
7 Responses to Stigma
The Discreditable Deviant 192
The Discredited Deviant 198
8 Transformation of Stigma
Collective Responses to Stigma 209
The Dynamics of Mutual Aid Groups 215
The Deviant as Moral Entrepreneur 220
Deviance as Politics 228
Epilogue 237
Bibliography 241
Author Index 268
Subject Index 274
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