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Diagnosis and Correction of Reading Problems, First Edition / Edition 1

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In this highly informative text, Darrel Morris offers detailed, practical guidance based on decades of hands-on experience as a reading clinician and educator. He demonstrates how to conduct a comprehensive diagnostic assessment; interpret reading scores; and provide individualized instruction that takes each student's specific strengths and weaknesses into account. Case studies bring to life the book's one-to-one strategies for struggling beginning readers, older remedial readers (second- to sixth-grade reading levels), and those with severe reading disabilities. Small-group and whole-class applications are discussed, and a special chapter describes an exemplary teacher training approach. Helpful appendices feature ready-to-use assessment tools, book lists, and other reproducibles.

About the Author:
Darrell Morris, EdD, is Professor of Education and Director of the Reading Clinic at Appalachian State University in Boone, North Carolina

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher

"Finally, lesson-by-lesson, step-by-step guidance for effective literacy instruction for struggling readers! This practical text covers everything involved in diagnosing and correcting reading problems in young and older elementary readers, with multiple case-study examples. Even children with severe reading disabilities will benefit from the well-developed, sequential lessons, which include recommendations for materials and teaching techniques."--Pamela J. Dunston, PhD, Director, Clemson University Reading Clinic

"Morris is the voice of experience when it comes to children who struggle with reading. In this remarkable book, he makes a convincing case for every teacher of reading to be trained in clinical diagnosis and correction. Morris integrates his vast knowledge about teaching children to read with his insights about training teachers. The result is a direct, engaging, thorough manual for teachers and tutors of students from the primary grades through middle school. The detailed case studies of interrelated reading, writing, and word study lessons based on careful assessment are wonderful. Recommendations for developing an effective diagnostic/correction course or teaching practicum are also provided. I can't wait to use this book with my students!"--Jo Worthy, PhD, Department of Curriculum and Instruction, University of Texas at Austin

"In this outstanding book, Morris expertly guides teachers through the essentials of assessment, diagnosis, and remediation of reading difficulties. Using carefully chosen, in-depth case studies, Morris skillfully models the problem-solving process that all educators who work with struggling readers must develop. If you're looking for a text that places a premium on training knowledgeable teachers who can successfully work with struggling readers, this is it."--Kevin Flanigan, PhD, Department of Literacy, West Chester University

"Morris carries on the legacy of pioneering reading clinicians like Emmett Betts, Russell Stauffer, Marie Clay, and Edmund Henderson. In Diagnosis and Correction of Reading Problems, he gives the profession the most precise roadmap to date for a truly mindful, systematic approach to reading instruction. This volume is not only the new essential text for courses in reading assessment and instruction; it is a masterwork that should be read by preservice, novice, and experienced teachers, as well as by literacy educators at the college and university levels."--Shane Templeton, PhD, Foundation Professor of Literacy Studies, University of Nevada, Reno

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781593856168
  • Publisher: Guilford Publications, Inc.
  • Publication date: 3/7/2008
  • Edition description: Older Edition
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 252
  • Product dimensions: 7.01 (w) x 9.92 (h) x 0.70 (d)

Meet the Author

Darrell Morris, EdD, is Professor of Education and Director of the Reading Clinic at Appalachian State University in Boone, North Carolina, where he has been on the faculty since 1989. While at Appalachian State, he has directed the master’s program in reading, researched the beginning reading and spelling processes, and helped school districts throughout the country set up early reading intervention programs. Dr. Morris is the recipient (with several colleagues) of the International Reading Association’s 2005 Dina Feitelson Research Award. 

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Table of Contents

Introduction     1
The McGuffey Reading Center-University of Virginia     1
The Education of a Reading Clinician     3
Three Assumptions about the Reading Process     5
Organization of This Book     9
Diagnosing Reading Problems
Administering an Informal Reading Diagnosis     13
Assessing Word Recognition in Isolation     14
Assessing Contextual Reading (Oral and Silent)     20
Assessing Spelling     34
Adapting the Assessment for Beginning Readers     37
Interpretation of Reading Scores     49
The Case Summary Sheet     49
Interpretation of Scores: Set 1 (Easy Cases)     51
Interpretation of Scores: Set 2 (More Difficult Cases)     56
Interpreting Scores from a First-Grade Reading Battery     61
Beyond the Initial Reading Diagnosis     66
The Parent Interview     66
Diagnosis through Teaching     70
Pre- and Posttesting with an Informal Diagnostic Battery     72
Informal versus Standardized Tests     75
Correcting Reading Problems
Preventing Reading Problems in the Early Grades     83
Lesson Plans and Teaching Tools     83
A Toolbox for Tutoring Beginning Readers     85
Reading Materials     85
Teaching Techniques     86
Case Studies     109
The Emergent Reader     109
The Preprimer Reader     113
The Primer Reader     117
Classroom Applications     123
Correcting Reading Problems in the Later Grades: I. Basic Teaching Strategies     132
A Toolbox for Tutoring Struggling Readers     132
Reading Materials     132
Teaching Techniques     133
Classroom Applications     163
Correcting Reading Problems in the Later Grades: II. Case Studies     176
Corrective Cases     176
Walter (Word Recognition Problem-Early)     177
Wendy (Word Recognition Problem-Late)     183
Cory (Comprehension Problem-Early)     190
Carol (Comprehension Problem-Late)     193
Faye (Fluency Problem-Early)     197
Frank (Fluency Problem-Late)     201
Severe Cases of Reading Disability     206
A Problem with Letters and Sounds     207
A Problem with Word Retrieval     209
A Problem with Patterning     211
Training Reading Teachers
Clinical Training for Teachers of Reading     217
The Goals of Clinical Training     217
The Practicum: A Context for Training Teachers of Reading     220
A Two-Course Clinical Sequence     222
Diagnosis and Correction Course     222
The Teaching Practicum     224
The Practicum and the Teacher-in-Training     227
The Practicum and the Reading Professor     230
The Fate of Clinical Training for Teachers of Reading     231
References     237
Reading Materials Cited in Text     243
Index     245
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