Diasporas in the Contemporary World / Edition 1

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Overview

Throughout human history, people have moved across national borders. With the advent of globalization, they are now moving in record numbers in search of greater security or better livelihoods. Diaspora communities, such as Mexicans in the United States, North Africans in France, and Pakistanis in Britain, have become an ever-important and visible presence in the modern world. Their existence has sometimes resulted in violence and ethnic conflict, and on other occasions they have been peacefully assimilated into the culture and citizenship of their chosen country.

This important new book seeks to explain why diaspora groups are increasing as never before. In an accessible and engaging introduction to the field, Milton J. Esman looks closely at the difference in the reception of diaspora communities throughout the world, and the responses of those communities to their new nations. By focusing on ten examples of contemporary diasporas from Asia, the Middle East, Europe, and the Americas, the book describes and illustrates the problems confronting immigrant communities as they attempt to protect their inherited culture, while coping with the demands and the opportunities they encounter in their adopted country. The book pays particular attention to the types of conflicts that arise from the development of diaspora communities, and the consequences that these conflicts can have on the international community.

This book will be essential reading for students and scholars of International relations, political sociology, ethnic politics, and conflict studies.

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
"A very clear, coherent fascinating and original argumentation."
Political Studies Review

"A significant attempt to comprehensively gauge the shape and dynamics of the world's diaspora communities, which is no small task for a relatively short book. Yet Esman's deep knowledge and overview of the research literature makes him uniquely placed to undertake such a venture ... Esman manages to demonstrate not only why diasporas are so important in modern societies, but also how every single society on earth is today affected by migration in one way or another ... an interesting and informative read."
Runnymeade's Quarterly Bulletin

"Milton Esman's highly original and insightful new book focuses on a hitherto underanalyzed type of ethnic conflict that is of crucial and growing importance in the 21st century. It is both a superb example of comparative analysis and a rich source of persuasive policy recommendations."
Arend Lijphart, University of California, San Diego

"Using examples from four continents, Milton Esman documents the major variations determining whether diasporas adjust to their host societies, continue to evince a predominant loyalty to their homelands or evolve a hybrid set of attachments. By his analytical clarity and pointed illustrations, the author has made a noteworthy contribution to diaspora studies."
Robin Cohen, University of Oxford

"A wide ranging and insightful analysis of the distinctive trajectories that diasporic groups experience. Esman deftly illuminates the challenges posed by large-scale movements of people and charts the potential pathways for incorporating migrant communities into their new host societies."
Margaret Weir, University of California, Berkeley

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780745644967
  • Publisher: Wiley
  • Publication date: 7/14/2009
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 224
  • Product dimensions: 5.70 (w) x 8.60 (h) x 0.90 (d)

Meet the Author

Milton Esman is John S. Knight Professor Emeritus of International Studies and Professor Emeritus of Government at Cornell University.
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Table of Contents

Introduction 1

Chapter 1 What are diasporas, why do they matter? 3

Chapter 2 Definition and classes of diasporas 13

Chapter 3 Contemporary case studies 22

3a North Africans in France 22

3b Ovoerseas Chinese: Malaysian, Thai, Japanese 35

3c Zionists in Palestine 48

3d Ukrainians in Canada 60

3e The "Russian" diaspora in Israel 69

3f Afro-Brazilians, 1531-2008 76

3g Palestinians in Kuwait 84

3h Mexicans in the United States 88

Chapter 4 Problems and processes of adaptation 100

Chapter 5 Diasporas and international relations 120

Chapter 6 Diasporas and ethnic conflict 133

Chapter 7 Diasporas and public policy 149

Chapter 8 Prospects and outcome 167

Notes 184

Bibliography 199

Index 207

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