Die Verwandlung

Overview

Franz Kafka (* 3. Juli 1883 in Prag, Österreich-Ungarn; † 3. Juni 1924 in Klosterneuburg-Kierling, Österreich; selten auch tschechisch František Kafka) war ein deutschsprachiger Schriftsteller. Sein Hauptwerk bilden neben drei Romanfragmenten (Der Process, Das Schloss und Der Verschollene) zahlreiche Erzählungen.

Kafkas Werke wurden zum größeren Teil erst nach seinem Tod und gegen seine letztwillige Verfügung von Max Brod veröffentlicht, einem engen Freund und Vertrauten, den ...

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Die Verwandlung

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Overview

Franz Kafka (* 3. Juli 1883 in Prag, Österreich-Ungarn; † 3. Juni 1924 in Klosterneuburg-Kierling, Österreich; selten auch tschechisch František Kafka) war ein deutschsprachiger Schriftsteller. Sein Hauptwerk bilden neben drei Romanfragmenten (Der Process, Das Schloss und Der Verschollene) zahlreiche Erzählungen.

Kafkas Werke wurden zum größeren Teil erst nach seinem Tod und gegen seine letztwillige Verfügung von Max Brod veröffentlicht, einem engen Freund und Vertrauten, den Kafka als Nachlassverwalter bestimmt hatte. Kafkas Werke zählen zum unbestrittenen Kanon der Weltliteratur.
Franz Kafkas Eltern Hermann Kafka (1852-1931) und Julie Kafka, geborene Löwy (1856-1934) entstammten bürgerlichen jüdischen Kaufmannsfamilien. Der Vater kam aus dem Dorf Wosek in Südböhmen, wo er in einfachen Verhältnissen aufwuchs. Er musste als Kind die Waren seines Vaters, des Schächters Jakob Kafka (1814-1889), in umliegende Dörfer ausliefern. Später arbeitete er als reisender Vertreter, dann als selbstständiger Grossist mit Galanteriewaren in Prag. Julie Kafka gehörte einer wohlhabenden Familie aus Podiebrad an, verfügte über eine umfassendere Bildung als ihr Mann und hatte Mitspracherecht in dessen Geschäft, in dem sie täglich bis zu zwölf Stunden arbeitete. Neben den Brüdern Georg und Heinrich, die bereits als Kleinkinder verstarben, hatte Franz Kafka drei Schwestern, die später deportiert wurden, vermutlich in Konzentrationslager oder Ghettos, wo sich ihre Spuren verlieren: Gabriele, genannt Elli (1889-1941?), Valerie, genannt Valli (1890-1942?), und Ottilie „Ottla" Kafka (1892-1943?). Da die Eltern tagsüber abwesend waren, wurden alle Geschwister im Wesentlichen von wechselndem, ausschließlich weiblichem Dienstpersonal aufgezogen. Kafka gehörte zur Minderheit der Bevölkerung Prags, deren Muttersprache Deutsch war. Außerdem beherrschte er wie seine Eltern Tschechisch.

Während sich Kafka in Briefen, Tagebüchern und Prosatexten umfangreich mit seinem Verhältnis zum Vater auseinandersetzte, stand die Beziehung zu seiner Mutter eher im Hintergrund. Allerdings gibt es gerade aus der mütterlichen Linie eine große Anzahl von Verwandten, die sich in Kafkas Figuren wiederfinden, zu nennen sind hier Junggesellen, Sonderlinge, Talmudkundige und explizit der Landarzt Onkel Siegfried Löwy, der Vorbild für die Erzählung Ein Landarzt war.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781496161932
  • Publisher: CreateSpace Publishing
  • Publication date: 3/18/2014
  • Language: German
  • Pages: 40
  • Product dimensions: 6.00 (w) x 9.00 (h) x 0.08 (d)

Meet the Author

Franz Kafka
Franz Kafka (German pronunciation was one of the most influential German-language novelists of the 20th century, whose works are now regarded existential classics; and among the highest achievements of world literature. (Source Wikipedia)

Biography

Franz Kafka was born in 1883 to a well-to-do middle-class Jewish family. His father, the self-made proprietor of a wholesale haberdashery business, was a domineering man whose approbation Franz continually struggled to win. The younger Kafka's feelings of inadequacy and guilt form the background of much of his work and are made explicit in his "Letter to His Father" (excerpted in this volume), which was written in 1919 but never sent.

Kafka was educated in the German language schools of Prague and at the city's German University, where in 1908 he took a law degree. Literature, however, remained his sole passion. At this time he became part of a literary circle that included Franz Werfel, Martin Buber, and Kafka's close friend Max Brod. Encouraged by Brod, Kafka published the prose collection Observations in 1913. Two years later his story "The Stoker" won the Fontaine prize. In 1916 he began work on The Trial and between this time and 1923 produced three incomplete novels as well as numerous sketches and stories. In his lifetime some of his short works did appear: The Judgment (1916), The Metamorphosis (1916), The Penal Colony (1919), and The Country Doctor (1919).

Before his death of tuberculosis in 1924, Kafka had charged Max Brod with the execution of his estate, ordering Brod to burn the manuscripts. With the somewhat circular justification that Kafka must have known his friend could not obey such an order, Brod decided to publish Kafka's writings. To this act of "betrayal" the world owes the preservation of some of the most unforgettable and influential literary works of our century.

Biography courtesy of BN.com

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    1. Date of Birth:
      July 3, 1883
    2. Place of Birth:
      Prague, Austria-Hungary
    1. Date of Death:
      June 3, 1924
    2. Place of Death:
      Vienna, Austria
    1. Education:
      German elementary and secondary schools. Graduated from German Charles-Ferdinand University of Prague.

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