Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc

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This volume is the newest release in the authoritative series issued by the National Academy of Sciences on dietary reference intakes (DRIs). This series provides recommended intakes, such as Recommended Dietary Allowances (RDAs), for use in planning nutritionally adequate diets for individuals based on age and gender. In addition, a new reference intake, the Tolerable Upper Intake Level (UL), has also been established to assist an individual in knowing how much is "too much" of a nutrient.

Based on the Institute of Medicine's review of the scientific literature regarding dietary micronutrients, recommendations have been formulated regarding vitamins A and K, iron, iodine, chromium, copper, manganese, molybdenum, zinc, and other potentially beneficial trace elements such as boron to determine the roles, if any, they play in health. The book also:

  • Reviews selected components of food that may influence the bioavailability of these compounds.
  • Develops estimates of dietary intake of these compounds that are compatible with good nutrition throughout the life span and that may decrease risk of chronic disease where data indicate they play a role.
  • Determines Tolerable Upper Intake levels for each nutrient reviewed where adequate scientific data are available in specific population subgroups.
  • Identifies research needed to improve knowledge of the role of these micronutrients in human health.

This book will be important to professionals in nutrition research and education.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780309072908
  • Publisher: National Academies Press
  • Publication date: 6/19/2002
  • Pages: 800
  • Product dimensions: 6.40 (w) x 9.10 (h) x 2.00 (d)

Table of Contents

Summary 1
1 Introduction to Dietary Reference Intakes 29
2 Overview and Methods 44
3 A Model for the Development of Tolerable Upper Intake Levels 60
4 Vitamin A 82
5 Vitamin K 162
6 Chromium 197
7 Copper 224
8 Iodine 258
9 Iron 290
10 Manganese 394
11 Molybdenum 420
12 Zinc 442
13 Arsenic, Boron, Nickel, Silicon, and Vanadium 502
14 Uses of Dietary Reference Intakes 554
15 A Research Agenda 580
App. A Origin and Framework of the Development of Dietary Reference Intakes 587
App. B Acknowledgments 591
App. C Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988-1994 594
App. D Dietary Intake Data from the Continuing Survey of Food Intakes By Individuals (CSFII), 1994-1996 644
App. E Dietary Intake Data from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration Total Diet Study, 1991-1997 654
App. F Canadian Dietary Intake Data, 1990 674
App. G Biochemical Indicators for Iron, Vitamin A, and Iodine from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988-1994 680
App. H Comparison of Vitamin A and Iron Intake and Biochemical Indicators from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988-1994 692
App. I Iron Intakes and Estimated Percentiles of the Distribution of Iron Requirements from the Continuing Survey of Food Intakes by Individuals (CSFII), 1994-1996 697
App. J Glossary and Acronyms 704
App. K Conversion of Units 709
App. L Options for Dealing with Uncertainties 710
App. M Biographical Sketches of Panel and Subcommittee Members 715
Index 729
Summary Table, Dietary Reference Intakes: Recommended Intakes for Individuals, Vitamins 770
Summary Table, Dietary Reference Intakes: Recommended Intakes for Individuals, Elements 772
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