Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin C, Vitamin E, Selenium, and Carotenoids

Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin C, Vitamin E, Selenium, and Carotenoids

by Panel on Dietary Antioxidants and Related Compounds, Subcommittee on Upper Reference Levels of Nutrients, Subcommittee on Interpretation and Uses of DRIs, Standing Committee on the Scientific Evaluation of Dietary Reference Intakes
     
 

ISBN-10: 0309069491

ISBN-13: 9780309069496

Pub. Date: 08/10/2000

Publisher: National Academies Press

This volume is the newest release in the authoritative series of quantitative estimates of nutrient intakes to be used for planning and assessing diets for healthy people. Dietary Reference Intakes (DRIs) is the newest framework for an expanded approach developed by U.S. and Canadian scientists.

This book discusses in detail the role of vitamin C, vitamin

Overview

This volume is the newest release in the authoritative series of quantitative estimates of nutrient intakes to be used for planning and assessing diets for healthy people. Dietary Reference Intakes (DRIs) is the newest framework for an expanded approach developed by U.S. and Canadian scientists.

This book discusses in detail the role of vitamin C, vitamin E, selenium, and the carotenoids in human physiology and health. For each nutrient the committee presents what is known about how it functions in the human body, which factors may affect how it works, and how the nutrient may be related to chronic disease.

Dietary Reference Intakes provides reference intakes, such as Recommended Dietary Allowances (RDAs), for use in planning nutritionally adequate diets for different groups based on age and gender, along with a new reference intake, the Tolerable Upper Intake Level (UL), designed to assist an individual in knowing how much is "too much" of a nutrient.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780309069496
Publisher:
National Academies Press
Publication date:
08/10/2000
Pages:
529
Product dimensions:
6.30(w) x 9.10(h) x 1.60(d)

Table of Contents

Summary 1(2)
What Are Dietary Reference Intakes?
2(4)
Approach for Setting Dietary Reference Intakes
6(6)
Nutrient Functions and the Indicators Used to Estimate Requirements for Vitamin C, Vitamin E, Selenium, and the Carotenoids
12(1)
Criteria and Proposed Values for Tolerable Upper Intake Levels
13(1)
Using Dietary Reference Intakes
14(3)
Definition of a Dietary Antioxidant
17(1)
Evidence of Oxidative Stress and the Risk of Chronic Degenerative Disease
17(2)
Recommendations
19(2)
Introduction to Dietary Reference Intakes
21(14)
What Are Dietary Reference Intakes?
21(1)
Categories of Dietary Reference Intakes
22(5)
Parameters for Dietary Reference Intakes
27(6)
Summary
33(1)
References
33(2)
Vitamin C, Vitamin E, Selenium, and β-Carotene and Other Carotenoids: Overview, Antioxidant Definition, and Relationship to Chronic Disease
35(23)
Overview
35(7)
Definition and Criteria for a Dietary Antioxidant
42(2)
Oxidative Stress, Antioxidants, and Chronic Disease
44(7)
Conclusions
51(1)
References
52(6)
Vitamin C, Vitamin E, Selenium, and β-Carotene and Other Carotenoids: Methods
58(15)
Methodological Considerations
58(9)
Estimates of Laboratory Values
67(1)
Nutrient Intake Estimates
67(2)
Dietary Intakes in the United States and Canada
69(2)
Summary
71(1)
References
71(2)
A Model for The Development of Tolerable Upper Intake Levels for Nutrients
73(22)
Background
73(2)
Model for Derivation of Tolerable Upper Intake Levels
75(1)
Risk Assessment and Food Safety
75(5)
Application of the Risk Assessment Model to Nutrients
80(4)
Steps in the Development of Tolerable Upper Intake Levels
84(8)
Intake Assessment
92(1)
Risk Characterization
92(2)
References
94(1)
Vitamin C
95(91)
Summary
95(1)
Background Information
95(6)
Selection of Indicators for Estimating the Requirement for Vitamin C
101(27)
Factors Affecting the Vitamin C Requirement
128(6)
Findings by Life Stage and Gender Group
134(20)
Intake of Vitamin C
154(1)
Tolerable Upper Intake Levels
155(10)
Research Recommendations for Vitamin C
165(2)
References
167(19)
Vitamin E
186(98)
Summary
186(1)
Background Information
187(16)
Selection of Indicators for Estimating the Requirement for α-Tocopherol
203(21)
Factors Affecting the Vitamin E Requirement
224(2)
Findings by Life Stage and Gender Group
226(17)
Intake of Vitamin E
243(6)
Tolerable Upper Intake Levels
249(11)
Research Recommendations for Vitamin E
260(2)
References
262(22)
Selenium
284(41)
Summary
284(1)
Background Information
284(3)
Selection of Indicators for Estimating the Requirement for Selenium
287(4)
Factors Affecting the Selenium Requirement
291(1)
Findings by Life Stage and Gender Group
292(16)
Intake of Selenium
308(3)
Tolerable Upper Intake Levels
311(7)
Research Recommendations for Selenium
318(1)
References
319(6)
β-Carotene and Other Carotenoids
325(58)
Summary
325(1)
Background Information
326(5)
Selection of Possible Indicators for Estimating the Requirement for β-Carotene and Other Carotenoids
331(23)
Factors Affecting Carotenoid Bioavailability
354(4)
Findings by Life Stage and Gender Group
358(2)
Intake of Carotenoids
360(6)
Tolerable Upper Intake Levels
366(5)
Research Recommendations for β-Carotene and Other Carotenoids
371(1)
References
372(11)
Uses of Dietary Reference Intakes
383(18)
Overview
383(1)
Assessing Nutrient Intakes of Individuals
384(3)
Assessing Nutrient Intakes of Groups
387(5)
Planning Nutrient Intakes of Individuals
392(1)
Planning Nutrient Intakes of Groups
392(1)
Nutrient-Specific Considerations
393(6)
Summary
399(1)
References
399(2)
A Research Agenda
401(82)
Approach
401(1)
Major Knowledge Gaps
402(4)
The Research Agenda
406(3)
APPENDIXES
A Origin and Framework of the Development of Dietary Reference Intakes
409(4)
B Acknowledgments
413(3)
C Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988--1994
416(16)
D Dietary Intake Data from the Continuing Survey of Food Intakes by Individuals (CSFII), 1994--1996
432(6)
E Canadian Dietary Intake Data, 1993, 1995
438(2)
F Serum Values from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988--1994
440(18)
G Options for Dealing with Uncertainties
458(5)
H Glossary and Acronyms
463(6)
I Biographical Sketches of Panel and Subcommittee Members
469(14)
Index 483(24)
Summary Table, Dietary Reference Intakes: Recommended Intakes for Individuals 507

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