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Differential Geometry of Curves and Surfaces: A Concise Guide / Edition 1

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Overview

The study of curves and surfaces forms an important part of classical differential geometry. Differential Geometry of Curves and Surfaces: A Concise Guide presents traditional material in this field along with important ideas of Riemannian geometry. The reader is introduced to curves, then to surfaces, and finally to more complex topics. Standard theoretical material is combined with more difficult theorems and complex problems, while maintaining a clear distinction between the two levels.

Key topics and features:

* Covers central concepts including curves, surfaces, geodesics, and intrinsic geometry

* Substantive material on the Aleksandrov global angle comparison theorem, which the author generalized for Riemannian manifolds (a result now known as the celebrated Toponogov Comparison Theorem, one of the cornerstones of modern Riemannian geometry)

* Contains many nontrivial and original problems, some with hints and solutions

This rigorous exposition, with well-motivated topics, is ideal for advanced undergraduate and first-year graduate students seeking to enter the fascinating world of geometry.

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Editorial Reviews

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From the reviews:

"This book by the late author covers … the subjects which are normally taught in a course on the differential geometry of curves and surfaces. … It can be recommended for first-year graduate students and also for use in the classroom. … the book is rich in geometry and concrete examples. … the book is very welcome since it is an original contribution in various aspects and gives a number of geometric insights … . Numerous illustrations make the reading enjoyable." (Wolfgang Kühnel, Mathematical Reviews, Issue 2006 m)

"Toponogov’s ‘concise guide’ to elementary differential geometry has the potential to be a useful reference and/or review book … ."(Fernando Q. Gouvèa, MathDL, March, 2006)

“This book, written by one of the Russian masters, offers a comprehensive introduction to classical differential geometry of curves and surfaces. Only a basic background in analysis and linear algebra is needed to follow the presentation. … A distinctive feature of the book is that, apart from a large number of exercises, it also contains many original problems with outlines of solutions.” (A. Cap, Monatshefte für Mathematik, Vol. 155 (1), September, 2008)

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780817643843
  • Publisher: Birkhauser Verlag
  • Publication date: 12/5/2005
  • Edition description: 2006
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 206
  • Sales rank: 1,261,873
  • Product dimensions: 9.21 (w) x 6.14 (h) x 0.47 (d)

Table of Contents

Chapter 1 Curves in a 3-dimensional Euclidean space and in the plane: Preliminaries.- Definition and methods of curves presentation.- Tangent line and an osculating plane.- Length of a curve.- Problems: plane convex curves.- Curvature of a curve.- Problems: curvature of plance curves.- Torsion of a curve.- Frenet formulas and the natural equation of a curve.- Problems: space curves- Phase length of a curve and Fenchel-Reshetnyak inequality.- Exercises Chapter 2 Extrinsic geometry of surfaces in a 3-dimensional Euclidean space.- Definition and methods of generating surfaces.- Tangent plane.- First fundamental form of a surface.- Second fundamental form of a surface.- The third fundamental form of a surface.- Classes of surfaces.- Some classes of curves on a surface.- The main equations of the surfaces theory.- Appendix: Indicatrix of a surface of revolution.- Exercises Chapter 3 Intrinsic geometry of surfaces.- Introducing notions.-Covariant derivative of a vector field.- Parallel translation of a vector along a curve on a surface.- Geodesics.- Shortest paths and geodesics.- Special coordinate system.- Gauss-Bonet theorem and comparison theorem for the angles of a triangle.- Local comparison theorems for triangle.- Alexandrov comparison theorem for the angles of a triangle.- Problems.- Bibliography.- Index

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