Disability and Culture: Universalism and Diversity

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Editorial Reviews

Doody's Review Service
Reviewer: Marcella H. Sorg, RN, PhD (University of Maine)
Description: This edited book reports the cross-cultural research undertaken to revise the World Health Organization's (WHO) International Classification of Functioning and Disability (ICIDH-2), providing an evidence-based argument for a universal model of disability.
Purpose: The purpose, which is largely achieved, is to present the research methods and results of a major cross-cultural study of disability, providing evidence leading to a revision of the World Health Organization's disability assessment and classification system. Last updated for 1980, this system was in need of revision, particularly to reflect changes in the way health and human service professionals conceptualize wellness and disability.
Audience: The book is written for a broad, interdisciplinary and cross-cultural readership of professionals in health and human services. Its clear language and straightforward organization make it accessible for both practitioners and students. In addition, and perhaps unintended, the book will be of basic research interest to medical anthropologists/sociologists who study cross-cultural issues in the perception of health and disease. There are seven editors; four represent WHO's Assessment, Classification and Epidemiology Group; three are from universities in the U.S., Canada, and Sweden. The lead eidtor was principal investigator of a major grant from the National Institutes of Health that supported the research. Chapter authors represent 15 collaborating centers from 13 countries.
Features: The three sections of the book review the qualitative and quantitative approaches taken in the ICIDH-2 Cross-Cultural Applicability (CAR) Study. The three chapters in Part 1 quite thoroughly address theory and methods and demonstrate the connection between this work and previously published literature. Part 2 contains chapters from each of the 15 collaborating centers: Cambodia, Canada, Greece, India (Bangalore, Chennai, Delhi), Japan, Luxembourg, The Netherlands, Nigeria, Romania, Spain, Tunisia, Turkey, and United Kingdom. Each of the chapters on single cultures is organized in parallel for maximum comparison between cultures. Part 3 includes three chapters reporting the results, which are highly integrated. There is a very solid and well-chosen bibliography, but regrettably there is no index. Research results are illustrated with extensive tables and simple graphs, all black and white.
Assessment: This is truly a formidable and unique contribution. The simple language and organization belie the complexity of the project and of its results. The researchers have implemented a very well-designed study and brought it to a productive conclusion. More than that, they present results with substantial detail, rigor, and cultural sensitivity in an interdisciplinary, accessible vocabulary.
From The Critics
Weighing the universal, social, and individual aspects of disability, this book presents the results of a multi-country ethnographic investigation into the cultural applicability of the model and concept of disability found in the World Health Organization's International Classification of Functioning and Disability-2. It offers an evidence-based argument for a universal model of disability and for the cultural applicability of an international common language of disability classification and measurement. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)

3 Stars from Doody
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780889372399
  • Publisher: Hogrefe Publishing
  • Publication date: 1/28/2001
  • Pages: 328
  • Product dimensions: 5.90 (w) x 8.90 (h) x 0.70 (d)

Table of Contents

Foreword ix
Acnowledgements xi
Part 1 Theory and Methods
Chapter 1 Disability and Cultural Variation: The ICIDH-2 Cross-Cultural Applicability Research Study 3
Chapter 2 Objectives and Overall Plan for the ICIDH-2 Cross-Cultural Applicability Research Study 21
Chapter 3 Cross-Cultural Applicability Research (CAR) Methods 37
Part 2 Culture-Specific Findings From the CAR Study
Introduction 65
Chapter 4 Cambodia 67
Chapter 5 Canada - Toronto 85
Chapter 6 Greece 95
Chapter 7 India--Bangalore 107
Chapter 8 India--Chennai 117
Chapter 9 India--Delhi 127
Chapter 10 Japan 141
Chapter 11 Luxembourg 157
Chapter 12 The Netherlands 171
Chapter 13 Nigeria 185
Chapter 14 Romania 195
Chapter 15 Spain 203
Chapter 16 Tunisia 215
Chapter 17 Turkey 223
Chapter 18 United Kingdom 235
Part 3 Cross-Cultural Results
Chapter 19 Cross-Cultural Views on Stigma, Valuation, Parity, and Societal Values Towards Disability 247
Chapter 20 The Structure and Stability of the Proposed International Classification 293
Chapter 21 Summary and Conclusions 309
References 323
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