Disaster and Human History: Case Studies in Nature, Society and Catastrophe

Disaster and Human History: Case Studies in Nature, Society and Catastrophe

by Benjamin Reilly
     
 

ISBN-10: 0786436557

ISBN-13: 9780786436552

Pub. Date: 01/22/2009

Publisher: McFarland & Company, Incorporated Publishers

Natural disasters have played an integral role in human history. Volcanic eruptions have been credited with the fall of civilizations, pandemic diseases have affected multiple generations, and massive famines have killed or impoverished millions. But in many cases, "natural" disasters are anything but. Famines are almost invariably caused by or related to domestic

Overview

Natural disasters have played an integral role in human history. Volcanic eruptions have been credited with the fall of civilizations, pandemic diseases have affected multiple generations, and massive famines have killed or impoverished millions. But in many cases, "natural" disasters are anything but. Famines are almost invariably caused by or related to domestic and international wars, diseases are either intentionally or unintentionally spread, and, while humans play little to no role in producing volcanoes and other earth phenomena, the impact of these events are worsened by human decisions.

This book examines the relationship between humanity and the natural environment through the lens of natural disasters, where the interaction comes into sharpest focus.

Instructors considering this book for use in a course may request an examination copy here.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780786436552
Publisher:
McFarland & Company, Incorporated Publishers
Publication date:
01/22/2009
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
399
Product dimensions:
6.90(w) x 9.90(h) x 1.00(d)

Table of Contents

Acknowledgments v

Introduction 1

1 A Brief History of the Modern World 9

2 Volcanoes 31

2.1 Krakatau, 1883 42

2.2 Mount Pelee, 1902 52

2.3 Mount Pinatubo, 1991 62

3 Earthquakes 72

3.1 Messina Strait, 1908 85

3.2 Great Kanto Earthquake, 1923 93

3.3 Pakistani Earthquake, 2005 104

4 Environmental Changes 112

4.1 El Nino Southern Oscillation (ENSO) 122

4.2 Desertification 129

4.3 Global Warming 141

5 Tropical Cyclones 159

5.1 Great Bhola Cyclone, 1970 172

5.2 Cyclone Tracy, 1974 184

5.3 Hurricane Andrew, 1992 193

6 Floods and Tsunamis 206

6.1 Yellow River Flooding, 19th and 20th Century China 219

6.2 Flooding Caused by the Asian Tsunami, 2004 230

6.3 Flooding Caused by Hurricane Katrina, 2005 241

7 Famines 254

7.1 Irish Potato Famine, 1846-1852 266

7.2 Mao's Great Leap Forward 276

7.3 Ethiopia, 1973-Present 286

8 Disease 297

8.1 Disease of Agriculture: Pellagra 315

8.2 Disease of Imperialism: Malaria 326

8.3 Disease of Industry: Cholera 340

8.4 Disease of Globalization: AIDS 353

Conclusion 370

Bibliography 377

Index 385

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