Discourse Analysis / Edition 2

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Overview

Discourse Analysis is an ideal textbook for students taking a first course in linguistic approaches to discourse. It presupposes no previous coursework in linguistics and is designed to encourage students to think about discourse analysis as an open-ended heuristic, a set of techniques for systematically studying every possible source of the meaning of a sequence of speech or writing.
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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
"This text strikes the perfect balance between coverage and practice. Every major topic in discourse analysis is introduced, illustrated, and referenced in the different chapters. The exercises incorporate extensive data from a variety of languages and situations, including discourse, and discourse in electronic media. Both students and scholars will draw upon this text as a substantive new resource in discourse analysis." Ellen Barton, Wayne State University

"Barbara Johnstone has written a clear and engaging introduction to discourse analysis - one that encourages attention to the smallest linguistic details while shedding light on the broadest sociocultural issues. Outstanding discussion questions and activities offer students opportunities not only to reflect on what they have just read but to apply these new concepts to a wide range of important real-life discourses." Heidi E. Hamilton, Georgetown University

"As Johnsotne observes, "anyone who wants to understand human beings has to understand discourse"(7). All those whoe seek such understanding and teach others how to sutdy discourses regardless of their discipline or departmental home ought to have Johnstone's Discourse Analysis in their bookshelves." Maureen Daly Goggin, Arizona State University

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781405144278
  • Publisher: Wiley
  • Publication date: 5/28/2007
  • Series: Introducing Linguistics Series , #2
  • Edition description: Revised
  • Edition number: 2
  • Pages: 336
  • Sales rank: 351,500
  • Product dimensions: 6.80 (w) x 9.70 (h) x 0.75 (d)

Meet the Author

Barbara Johnstone is Professor of Rhetoric and Linguistics at Carnegie Mellon University. She is the author of Stories, Community, and Place(1990), Repetition in Arabic Discourse (1991), The Linguistic Individual (1996), and Qualitative Methods in Sociolinguistics (2000) as well as many articles, book chapters, and edited volumes.
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Table of Contents

List of Figures
Preface
1 Introduction 1
1.1 What is Discourse Analysis? 1
1.2 Some Uses of Discourse Analysis 5
1.3 Facets of Discourse Analysis 7
1.4 Discourse and Text: The Data of Discourse Analysis 19
1.5 Transcription: Representing Speech in Writing 20
1.6 "Descriptive" and "Critical" Goals 25
2 Discourse and World 29
2.1 Linguistic Categories, Minds, and Worldviews 32
2.2 Discourse, Culture, and Ideology 39
2.3 Language Ideology 55
2.4 Silence 58
3 Discourse Structure: Parts and Sequences 63
3.1 Words and Lines 67
3.2 Turns and Moves in Conversation 72
3.3 Paragraphs and Episodes 75
3.4 Discourse Schemata and the Structure of Narrative 81
3.5 The Emergent Organization of Conversation 90
3.6 Old and New Information and the Organization of Sentences 97
3.7 Cohesion 101
3.8 Structures and Rules 107
4 Speakers, Hearers, Audiences 111
4.1 Power, Solidarity, and Community 112
4.2 Social Roles and Discourse Roles 119
4.3 Audience, Politeness, and Accommodation 124
4.4 Attributed Identities and Situated Identifications 129
4.5 Agency and Self-Expression 132
5 Prior Texts, Prior Discourses 137
5.1 The Idea of Intertextuality 139
5.2 Repetition in Conversation 143
5.3 Register: Repeated Styles for Repeated Situations 147
5.4 Genre: Recurrent Forms, Recurrent Actions 155
5.5 Plot and Coherence 161
6 Discourse and Medium 168
6.1 Early Work on "Orality and Literacy" 170
6.2 Literacy and Literacies 174
6.3 Communication and Technology 180
6.4 Planning and Discourse Structure 182
6.5 Fixity, Fluidity, and Coherence 188
6.6 Medium and Interpersonal Relations 190
7 Discourse and Purpose 196
7.1 Speech Acts 197
7.2 Contextualization Cues and Discourse Marking 203
7.3 Rhetorical Aims, Strategies, and Styles 210
7.4 Verbal Art and Performance 220
7.5 Performances of Identity 223
8 Some General Themes 227
8.1 A Heuristic Approach to Discourse Analysis 227
8.2 Locations of Meaning 230
8.3 Discourse as Strategy, Discourse as Adaptation 232
8.4 Language and Languaging 234
8.5 Particularity, Theory, and Method 236
8.6 From Text Outward 237
Glossary 239
References 243
Index 263
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