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Discoveries in the Human Brain: Neuroscience Prehistory, Brain Structure, and Function / Edition 1
     

Discoveries in the Human Brain: Neuroscience Prehistory, Brain Structure, and Function / Edition 1

by Louise H. Marshall
 

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ISBN-10: 0896034356

ISBN-13: 9780896034358

Pub. Date: 12/15/1997

Publisher: Springer-Verlag New York, LLC

This engaging and engrossing history of the brain and the emergence of modern neuroscience chronicles the many significant people and events that gradually produced today's understanding of brain anatomy and ph ysiology. The book traces this unfolding story from the first findings of gross neuroanatomy in the ancient world to the functional analysis of the

Overview

This engaging and engrossing history of the brain and the emergence of modern neuroscience chronicles the many significant people and events that gradually produced today's understanding of brain anatomy and ph ysiology. The book traces this unfolding story from the first findings of gross neuroanatomy in the ancient world to the functional analysis of the electrophysiology of nerve impulses; from the early discoverie s of the existence and operations of the central nervous system to, fi nally, the development in brain chemistry and pharmacology that have n ow brought us to neural networks and brain modeling. Along the way it offers numerous historic and rare plates, a rich tapestry of quotation s from primary sources, and concise summaries of the pathbreaking rese arch that shaped and determined modern neuroscience.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780896034358
Publisher:
Springer-Verlag New York, LLC
Publication date:
12/15/1997
Edition description:
1998
Pages:
323
Product dimensions:
8.50(w) x 10.98(h) x 0.04(d)

Table of Contents

I. Introduction: The Basic Postulates. Nature of the Continuum. Charles Darwin. Galen of Pergamum. Overview of the Base. II. Evolution of the Mammalian Brain. Phylogeny Leads the Way. Otogeny 'Recapitulates'. Paleoneurology Is Introduced. Early Evidence of Handedness. Modern Theories of Evolutionary Neurology. Overview of Early Humans. III. The Ventricles and Their Functions. Ancient and Early Modern Beliefs. The Cerebrospinal Fluid. Two 'Barrier' Systems: The Blood-Brain Barrier. Quantitative Physiologic Data. Overview of Ventricular 'Cells'. IV. Surface Contours: Order or Chaos? The Convolutions or Gyri. The Fissures or Sulci. Overview of the 'Coils'. V. Lobes and Functional Localization. Frontal Lobe Pathology and Speech: Observations. Frontal Lobe Stimulation: Experiments. Frontal Lobe: Experiments by Ablation. The Parietal Lobes and Evoked Potentials. The Temporal Lobes. Occipital Lobes and Vision. Overview of the Cortical Hemispheres. VI. Cerebral Asymmetry and Behavioral Laterality. Hemispheric Differences. Handedness and Speech and Other Asymmetries. Growth of Knowledge of the Corpus Callosum. Overview of Cerebral Differences. VII. The Anatomic Substrate: Cerebral Fine Structure. Connectedness of Cell Body and Fiber. Cellular Elements. The Independent Neuron. Multiple Approaches to the Substrates of Vision. Nonneuronal Cells of the Cerebrum. Overview of Neural Fine Structure. VIII. Landmarks in Cerebral Neurochemistry. The Early Chemists. Animal Electricity. Tissue Excitability. Chemical Transmission. Vascularity of the Brain. Overview of Neurochemical Discoveries. IX. The Cerebellum. Ancient Views and Early Experiments. The Ridiculous and the Sublime. Insights from Phylogeny and Embryology. Cerebellar Mapping. Inhibitory Influence of the Cerebellum. From Old to New Techniques. Overview of the 'Little Brain'. X. Thalamocortical Pathways and Consciousness. In Early History. Modern Views of Consciousness. Thalamic Functions and Efferent Connections. The Diffuse Projections. Overview of Some Thalamic Projections. XI. The Pituitary-Hypothalamic Axis. Pituitary Posterior Lobe: The Neurohypophysis. Pituitary Anterior Lobe: The Adenohypophysis. The Hypothalamus. Overview of the Axix. XII. Three Major Integrative Systems. The Limbic System and Memory. Corticothalamic Connections and Cybernetics. The Brain-Stem Reticular Formation and Arousal. Overview of the Three Major Integrators. Postscript. References. Credits. Index.

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