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This successful world history version of the popular Discovering series contains a multi-part pedagogical framework that guides students through the process of historical inquiry and explanation. The text emphasizes historical study as interpretation rather than memorization of data. The Third Edition integrates new documents and revised coverage throughout, while the comparative chapters contribute to a more thorough and balanced examination of global history. Each chapter is organized within the same pedagogical framework: The Problem, Background, The Method, The Evidence, Questions to Consider, and Epilogue.
1. The Need for Water in Ancient Societies (3100 B.C.E-100 C.E.) The Evidence: Aerial photograph of pre-Roman city in Italy Major ancient levees identifiable in LANDSTAT imagery Early Egyptian king cutting an irrigation ditch Water-lifting devices Hammurabi on irrigation Sima Qian's description of the building of the Zhengguo Canal, ca. 100 B.C.E. Suetonius's description of Emperor Claudius', water projects Activities of Shao Xinchen, Han Dynasty Frontinus on Rome's water system Memorial from Jia Rang, 1st century B.C.E. 2. Writing and Power: Defining World-Views (1750-250 B.C.E.) The Evidence: Atra-hasis Rig Veda The First Book of Moses, called Genesis Yijing, Commentary on the Appended Judgments Popol Vuh, "The Book of the People" 3. Representing the Human Form (1400 B.C.E.-1500 C.E.) The Evidence: Tut-ank-amon and his wife, Ankhesenam, ca. 1350 B.C.E. Nebamum hunting birds, from his tomb at Thebes, ca. 1400 B.C.E. Statues of Ramesses II and Nefertari, at Luxor, ca. 1250 B.C.E. Wall painting from Nefertari's tomb near Thebes, ca. 1250 B.C.E. Anavyssos Kouros, ca. 525 B.C.E. Peplos Kore, ca. 530 B.C.E. Theseus and the Amazons, from an Attic red-figured krater, ca. 440 B.C.E. Polykleitos, Doryphoros or "The Canon," ca. 440 B.C.E. Praxiteles, Aphrodite of Knidos, ca. 340 B.C.E. Yakshi, from a pillar at the great steps of Bharhut, ca. 100 B.C.E. Standing Buddha, from Gandhara, ca. 200 C.E. Buddha with Halo, from Sarnath, Gupta Period, 5th Dynasty Tibetan Sculpture of the Bodhisattva Vajrapani Head of Pacal the Great, 684 C.E. Door lintel showing King Shield Jaquar and Lady Xoc in a blood-letting ritual, 709 C.E. Mural at Bonampak showing King Chaan-muan judging defeated enemies, 792 C.E. Vase Painting Showing God L, Several Goddesses, and Rabbit-Scribe, ca. 600-900 C.E. Terra-cotta head of a king, Ife, 1000-1200 C.E. Copper Obalufon mask, Ife, 1000-1200 C.E. Brass head of Queen Mother, Benin, ca. 1500 Brass plaque depicting the oba Esigie, Benin, ca. 1500 4. Han and Rome: Asserting Imperial Authority (300 B.C.E.-400 C.E.) The Evidence: Sima Qian, The Annals of Qin, ca. second century B.C.E. Grave mound of Qin Shi Huangdi at Mt. Li Flanking pit of excavated tomb of Qin Shi Huangdi Dong Zhongshu (Tung Chung-shu) Essays on Kingship Han Wendi (Wen-ti), On the Eclipse of the Sun Caesar Augustus,The Achievements of the Divine Augustus Cassius Dio, Roman History Roman coin of the reign of Emperor Nero (r.54-68) Trajan's Column, Rome Detail from Trajan's Column Roman temple inscription in Myra, Lycia (Asia Minor) Edict and speech of Nero to the Greeks 5. Internal Religious Communities (300 B.C.E.- 800 C.E.) The Evidence: Ashoka (Asokas) Rock and Pillar Edicts Asokan Pillar with a Single-Lion Capital at Vaishali, India Asokavadana Constantinian Edicts Eusebius, Life of Constantine Two Constantinian Coins The Qur'an The Hadith Ibn Ishaq, The Life of Muhammad, Apostle of Allah Abu Yusuf (d. A.H. 182/798 C.E.), Book of Land-tax Muhammad Addresses Ali and Other Leaders Before the Battle of Badr, from Rashid al-Din Jami'al-tawarikh 6. Vikings and Polynesians: Exploring New Worlds (300-1100) The Evidence: From Adam of Bremen History of the Archbishoprics of Hamburg-Bremen 11th century Illuminated French manuscript on life of St. Aubin, St. Aubin Abbey, c. 1100 Memorial stone, Gotland, Sweden, 8th to 9th century Oseberg Viking ship, Norway, 9th to 10th century Runic memorial inscriptions, Germany, Norway, and Sweden Buried Viking hoard, Hon, Norway From Greenlander's Saga, the 13th century Site plan, L'Anse aux Meadows, Newfoundland, Canada and House, Stöng, Iceland William Ellis, Polynesian Researches, 19th century William Hodges, Tahiti Revisited, 1776 Petroglyphs of Hawaiian canoes Reconstructed double-hulled Hawaiian canoe Hokule'a and route of its voyages From David Malo, Hawaiian Antiquities, early 19th century Excerpts from the Oral traditions of Rennell and Bellona Development sequence of Polynesian languages Monolithic statues 7. Two Faces of "Holy War": Christians and Muslims (1095-1270s) The Evidence: Usamah ibn-Munqidh describes the Franks Ibn al-Athir, the Capture of Jerusalem, 1187. Imad ad-Din, History of the Fall of Jerusalem Peter Tudebodes, History of the Jerusalem Journey Fulcher of Chartres, A History of the Expedition to Jerusalem, 1905-1127 William of Tyre, A History of Deeds Done Beyond the Sea 8. Romances and Behavior in Aristocratic Japan and Italy (1000-1350) The Evidence: Murasaki Shikibu, The Tale of Genji Giovanni Boccaccio, The Elegy of Lady Fiammetta 9. The Mongol Impact (1206-1360) The Evidence: The Secret History of the Mongols "A Journey to the West" by Yelu Chucai Chinese style portrait of Chingis Khan Rashid al-Din Tabib's "The Successors of Genghiz Khan" Güyük Khan's letter to Pope Innocent IV The travel account of William of Rubruck Juvaini's The History of the World Conqueror Isfandiyar fights with the dragon, Shahnama From Francis Balducci Pegolotti, Book of Description of Countries 10. Regional Metropolises: Constantinople and Tenochtitlán (1160-1521) The Evidence: Benjamin of Tudela, Travels of Rabbi Benjamin of Tudela, 1160-1173 Robert of Clari, Conquest of Constantinople, 1203 Nicetas Choniates, "Destruction of Ancient Art in the Latin Sack of Constantinople" Illustrated map of Constantinople, 13th cenutry Interior, Saint Sophia George Acropolites, "The Byzantine Recovery of Constantinople: Thanksgiving and Celebration," 1261 Chrysobull detailing extraordinary privileges for the Venetians, 1082 Letter of Hernan Cortes to Charles V, King of Spain Bernal Diaz del Castillo, The Discovery and Conquest of Mexico Spanish illustrated map of Tenochtitlán, printed in Nuremberg, 1524 The excavated site of the Great Temple enclosure The Great Temple enclosure at Tenochtitlán, from Florentine Codex Bernadino de Sahagun, The Florentine Codex 11. Sacred Journeys: Pilgrimages in Buddhism, Christianity, and Islam (629-1324) The Evidence: From the Diary of Ennin, 838-847 Journey to the West or The Monkey-King, 17th century Modern portrait of Xuanzang Annalist of Nieder-Altaich: "The Great German Pilgrimage of 1064-65" Icelandic pilgrim's guide, 12th century Guillaume de Deguileville, Pilgrimage of Human Life, 1331 Naser-e Khosraw, Book of Travels Al-Maqrizi's account of Mansa Musa Al-Umari 's account of Mansa Musa Ibn Khaldun's account of Mansa Musa 12. The Well-Educated Man: Students and Scholars in China, Paris, and Timbuktu The Evidence: Zhu Xi, Articles of the White Deer Grotto Academy, 1180 Zhu Xi, Proposals for Schools and Official Recruitment, 1195 Cheng Duanli, A Schedule for Learning, 1315 Description of Ahmad al-Tinbukti, from Ahmad Baba, al-Dhayl, c. 1600 Description of Muhammad Baghayogho, from Ahmad Baba, al-Dhayl, c. 1600 Statutes for the University of Paris issued by Robert Courçon, 1215 Rules for licensing a student to teach at the University of Paris Robert de Sorbon's regulations for his college, before 1274 13. Facing the Black Death (1300-1400 C.E.) The Evidence: Ibn Khaldun, The Muqaddimah: An Introduction to History Giovanni Boccaccio, The Decameron Ibn Battuta: Travels in Asia and Africa, 1325-1354 Ioannes Cantacuzenos (John VI of Byzantium), Historarum The Chronicle of Jean de Venette Lieferinxe, St. Sebastian Interceding for the Plague-Stricken A Prayer to St. Sebastian An Arab doctor's medical perspective on the Black Death Cryptograms Ibn al-Wardi, "An Essay on the Report of the Pestilence" A fifteenth-century treatise on the pestilence Report of the Paris medical faculty, October 1348 A wholesome medicine against all infirmities Petrarch, "Letters on Familiar Matters" 14. First Encounters: The Creation of Cultural Stereotypes (1450-1650) The Evidence: Joao Baptista Lavanha, 1597 Anonymous Portuguese Pilot, ca. 1535 Nzinga Mbemba, 1526 Christopher Columbus, 1530s Amerigo Vespucci, 1497-1498 Native American account of Cortes's Conquest ca. 1530 Bernardino de Avila Giron,1590s Cosme de Torres, 1550s-1560s Francis Xavier, 1549-51 Joao Rodrigues, ca. 1620 Alessandro Valignano ca. 1583 Lourenço Mexia, ca. 1590s Anonymous, Kirishitan monogatari, 1639 Suzuki Shosan, 1642 Tokugawa Iemitsu, Edict of 1635 ordering closing of Japan.