Discovering the History of Psychiatry / Edition 1

Discovering the History of Psychiatry / Edition 1

by Mark S. Micale
     
 

ISBN-10: 0195077393

ISBN-13: 9780195077391

Pub. Date: 02/28/1994

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

Psychiatry and psychology, including psychoanalysis, have exercised enormous cultural and scientific influence in our century, and an important part of the growth of these fields has been their attempt to construct accounts of their own disciplinary pasts. Yet these accounts, which form the collective memory of the psychiatric profession, have varied greatly. In fact,…  See more details below

Overview

Psychiatry and psychology, including psychoanalysis, have exercised enormous cultural and scientific influence in our century, and an important part of the growth of these fields has been their attempt to construct accounts of their own disciplinary pasts. Yet these accounts, which form the collective memory of the psychiatric profession, have varied greatly. In fact, the history of psychiatry has emerged as one of the most rapidly-growing and controversy-ridden areas of commentary in recent years. This book brings together twenty studies by a cast of eminent authors--physicians,
social scientists, and humanists from Europe and North
America--who explore the many complex interpretive and ideological dimensions of history writing about the psychological sciences. It includes chapters on the history of the asylum, Freud biography, anti-psychiatry in the United States and abroad, feminist interpretations of psychiatry's past, and historical accounts of Nazism and psychotherapy, as well as discussions of many individual historical figures and movements. This book represents the first attempt to study comprehensively the multiple mythologies that have grown up around the history of madness and the origin, functions, and validity of these myths in our psychological century.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780195077391
Publisher:
Oxford University Press, USA
Publication date:
02/28/1994
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
480
Product dimensions:
6.31(w) x 9.56(h) x 1.40(d)

Table of Contents

Contributors
1Introduction: Reflections on Psychiatry and Its Histories3
2The Beginning of Psychiatric Historiography in Nineteenth-Century Germany39
3Early American Historians of Psychiatry: 1910-196053
4Ida Macalpine and Richard Hunter: History between Psychoanalysis and Psychiatry83
5George Rosen and the History of Mental Illness95
6Henri F. Ellenberger: The History of Psychiatry as the History of the Unconscious112
7Jean Starobinski: The History of Psychiatry as the Cultural History Consciousness135
8A History of Freud Biographies157
9"A Whole Climate of Opinion": Rewriting the History of Psychoanalysis174
10Philip Rieff: The Critic of Psychoanalysis as Cultural Theorist191
11"Les mythes d'origine" in the History of Psychiatry219
12"Le geste de Pinel": The History of a Psychiatric Myth232
13The History of Psychiatry in Italy: A Century of Studies248
14The History of the Asylum Revisited: Personal Reflections260
15German Psychiatry, Psychotherapy, and Psychoanalysis during the Nazi Period: Historiographical Reflections282
16Heroes and Non-Heroes: Recurring Themes in the Historiography of Russian-Soviet Psychiatry297
17The Rhetorical Paradigm in Psychiatric History: Thomas Szasz and the Myth of Mental Illness311
18Michel Foucault's Phanomenologie des Krankengeistes331
19Feminist Histories of Psychiatry348
20History and Anti-Psychiatry in France384
21Psychiatry and Anti-Psychiatry in the United States415
Index445

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