Discovering the History of Psychiatry / Edition 1

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Overview

Psychiatry and psychology, including psychoanalysis, have exercised enormous cultural and scientific influence in our century, and an important part of the growth of these fields has been their attempt to construct accounts of their own disciplinary pasts. Yet these accounts, which form the collective memory of the psychiatric profession, have varied greatly. In fact, the history of psychiatry has emerged as one of the most rapidly-growing and controversy-ridden areas of commentary in recent years. This book brings together twenty studies by a cast of eminent authors--physicians,
social scientists, and humanists from Europe and North
America--who explore the many complex interpretive and ideological dimensions of history writing about the psychological sciences. It includes chapters on the history of the asylum, Freud biography, anti-psychiatry in the United States and abroad, feminist interpretations of psychiatry's past, and historical accounts of Nazism and psychotherapy, as well as discussions of many individual historical figures and movements. This book represents the first attempt to study comprehensively the multiple mythologies that have grown up around the history of madness and the origin, functions, and validity of these myths in our psychological century.

This book contains black-and-white illustrations.

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Editorial Reviews

Doody's Review Service
Reviewer: Harry Prosen, MD, MSc (Medical College of Wisconsin)
Description: This book gathers together a diversity of views and descriptions of the history of psychiatry and the important historians themselves.
Purpose: The book was inspired by the meeting of 200 scholars gathered in the Netherlands in 1990 to share ideas about the history of the psychological sciences. The objectives are to explore the large number of complex interpretations and accounts of the history of psychiatry. The book is an unusual and stimulating contribution. It is the first significant approach of this kind.
Audience: The book is stated to be written for anyone interested in the science of the mind. It is extremely detailed, leaves very little out, and is probably a fascinating read, even for the lay public. The many authors are all noted scholars and authorities.
Features: The references are detailed and few. The book is well indexed and contains a good table of contents. The book is so full of information, tightly written, that a first glance does not reveal how quickly it reads.
Assessment: The book is as much a critique of previous historians as the history of psychiatry. It analyzes the views of previous authors and compares and contrasts various biographers of Freud and others. There is some overlap in the various chapters and some repetition, but the book is highly interesting and a pleasure to read.
Harry Prosen
This book gathers together a diversity of views and descriptions of the history of psychiatry and the important historians themselves. "The book was inspired by the meeting of 200 scholars gathered in the Netherlands in 1990 to share ideas about the history of the psychological sciences. The objectives are to explore the large number of complex interpretations and accounts of the history of psychiatry. The book is an unusual and stimulating contribution. It is the first significant approach of this kind. "The book is stated to be written for anyone interested in the science of the mind. It is extremely detailed, leaves very little out, and is probably a fascinating read, even for the lay public. The many authors are all noted scholars and authorities. "The references are detailed and few. The book is well indexed and contains a good table of contents. The book is so full of information, tightly written, that a first glance does not reveal how quickly it reads. "The book is as much a critique of previous historians as the history of psychiatry. It analyzes the views of previous authors and compares and contrasts various biographers of Freud and others. There is some overlap in the various chapters and some repetition, but the book is highly interesting and a pleasure to read.

3 Stars from Doody
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780195077391
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
  • Publication date: 2/28/1994
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 480
  • Product dimensions: 6.31 (w) x 9.56 (h) x 1.40 (d)

Table of Contents

Contributors
1 Introduction: Reflections on Psychiatry and Its Histories 3
2 The Beginning of Psychiatric Historiography in Nineteenth-Century Germany 39
3 Early American Historians of Psychiatry: 1910-1960 53
4 Ida Macalpine and Richard Hunter: History between Psychoanalysis and Psychiatry 83
5 George Rosen and the History of Mental Illness 95
6 Henri F. Ellenberger: The History of Psychiatry as the History of the Unconscious 112
7 Jean Starobinski: The History of Psychiatry as the Cultural History Consciousness 135
8 A History of Freud Biographies 157
9 "A Whole Climate of Opinion": Rewriting the History of Psychoanalysis 174
10 Philip Rieff: The Critic of Psychoanalysis as Cultural Theorist 191
11 "Les mythes d'origine" in the History of Psychiatry 219
12 "Le geste de Pinel": The History of a Psychiatric Myth 232
13 The History of Psychiatry in Italy: A Century of Studies 248
14 The History of the Asylum Revisited: Personal Reflections 260
15 German Psychiatry, Psychotherapy, and Psychoanalysis during the Nazi Period: Historiographical Reflections 282
16 Heroes and Non-Heroes: Recurring Themes in the Historiography of Russian-Soviet Psychiatry 297
17 The Rhetorical Paradigm in Psychiatric History: Thomas Szasz and the Myth of Mental Illness 311
18 Michel Foucault's Phanomenologie des Krankengeistes 331
19 Feminist Histories of Psychiatry 348
20 History and Anti-Psychiatry in France 384
21 Psychiatry and Anti-Psychiatry in the United States 415
Index 445
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