Dispersal Ecology and Evolution

Overview

Now that so many ecosystems face rapid and major environmental change, the ability of species to respond to these changes by dispersing or moving between different patches of habitat can be crucial to ensuring their survival. Understanding dispersal has become key to understanding how populations may persist. Dispersal Ecology and Evolution provides a timely and wide-ranging overview of the fast expanding field of dispersal ecology, incorporating the very latest research. The causes, mechanisms, and consequences ...

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Dispersal Ecology and Evolution

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Overview

Now that so many ecosystems face rapid and major environmental change, the ability of species to respond to these changes by dispersing or moving between different patches of habitat can be crucial to ensuring their survival. Understanding dispersal has become key to understanding how populations may persist. Dispersal Ecology and Evolution provides a timely and wide-ranging overview of the fast expanding field of dispersal ecology, incorporating the very latest research. The causes, mechanisms, and consequences of dispersal at the individual, population, species, and community levels are considered. Perspectives and insights are offered from the fields of evolution, behavioural ecology, conservation biology, and genetics. Throughout the book theoretical approaches are combined with empirical data, and care has been taken to include examples from as wide a range of species as possible - both plant and animal.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780199608898
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • Publication date: 11/25/2012
  • Pages: 462
  • Sales rank: 1,358,377
  • Product dimensions: 7.30 (w) x 9.80 (h) x 1.30 (d)

Meet the Author

Jean Clobert is Research Director at the CNRS and is currently heading the "Station d'Ecologie Exeprimentale du CNRS a Moulis". He is also director of the Infrastructure ANAEE-S grouping all experimental research stations of the CNRS and INRA in France. Having published more than 250 regular papers in peer-reviewed journals and book chapters, he has been elected in the Academia Europaea in 2011.

Michel Baguette is particularly interested by the role of dispersal in metapopulations and metacommunities. His objective is to seek how individual variability in dispersal moulds metapopulations and metacommunities and drives their dynamics and evolution, and what this means for biological diversity. His current research projects focus on (1) the genomic of dispersal phenotypic variation, and its consequences on metapopulation dynamics using artificial selection and experiments in mesocosms, and (2) the modelling of dispersal in fragmented landscapes.

Tim Benton is a population ecologist with a particular interest in the mechanism by which environmental change impacts on population dynamics by affecting organisms' life histories. Much of his work has been conducted using a laboratory model organism, coupled with theoretical approaches. However, he has also applied his ideas to understanding biodiversity in agricultural landscapes. In addition to research, he has been head of department and Research Dean. He is currently working across the UK government, coordinating research on food and farming as "Champion" for the UK's Global Food Security programme.

James Bullock is an applied ecologist. In his work he aims to use a fundamental understanding of the spatial ecology of populations and communities - especially of plants - to inform biodiversity conservation and environmental sustainability. He has particular interests in ecosystem services, ecological restoration and climate change. James works at the UK Centre for Ecology and Hydrology, which is the UK's Centre of Excellence for integrated research in terrestrial and freshwater ecosystems, and atmospheric science.

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Table of Contents

Preface, Jean Clobert, Michel Baguette, Tim G. Benton, and James M. Bullock
Glossary
Box 1. The common Lizard (Zootoca vivipara, anciently Lacerta vivipara), Jean Clobert
Box 2: Spiders as a model in dispersal ecology and evolution, Dries Bonte
Box 3. Spatial structure and dynamics in the Glanville fritillary (Melitaea cinxia) metapopulation, Ilkka Hanski
Box 4. Heterocapy in Crepis sancta (Asteraceae) as a model system to study dispersal, Pierre-Olivier Cheptou
PART 1. THE MULTIPLE CAUSES OF THE DISPERSAL PROCESS
1. Multicausality of dispersal, Erik Matthysen
2. The multicausal nature of dispersal, Jostein Starrfelt and Hanna Kokko
3. Multi-determinism in natal dispersal: the common lizard as a model system, Jean Clobert, Manuel Massot, and Jean-Francois Le Galliard
4. Dispersal in invertebrates: influences on individual decisions, Tim G. Benton and Diana E. Bowler
5. Integrating context- and stage-dependent effects in studies of frugivorous seed dispersal: an example from south-east Kenya, Valerie Lehouck, Dries Bonte, Toon Spanhove, and Luc Lens
PART 2. THE GENETICS OF DISPERSAL
6. Quantitative, physiological, and molecular genetics of dispersal/migration, Anthony J. Zera and Jennifer A. Brisson
7. Evolution of genetically integrated strategies, Renee A. Duckworth
8. Dispersal genetics: emerging insights from fruitflies, butterfies, and beyond, Christopher W. Wheat
9. Genetics of plant dispersal, Jocelyn C. Hall and Kathleen Donohue
PART 3. THE ASSOCIATION OF DISPERSAL WITH OTHER LIFE HISTORY TRAITS
10. Dispersal syndromes, Ophelie Ronce and Jean Clobert
11. Evolution of condition-dependent dispersal, Eva Kisdi, Margarete Utz, and Mats Gyllenberg
12. Dispersal syndromes in the common lizard: personality traits, information use and context-dependent dispersal decisions, Julien Cote and Jean Clobert
13. Dispersal syndromes in butterflies and spiders, Dries Bonte and Marjo Saastamoinen
14. Plant dispersal phenotypes: a seed perspective of maternal habitat selection, Rafael Rubio de Casas, Charles G. Willis, and Kathleen Donohue
PART 5. DISTRIBUTION OF DISPERSAL DISTANCES: DISPERSAL KERNELS
15. Dispersal kernels: review, Ran Nathan, Etienne Klein, Juan J. Robledo-Arnuncio, and Eloy Revilla
16. Evolution and emergence of dispersal kernels - a brief theoretical evaluation, Thomas Hovestadt and Achim Poethke
17. Quantifying individual differences in dispersal using net squared displacement, Luca Borger and John Fryxell
18. Temporal variation in dispersal kernels in a metapopulation of the bog fritillary butterfly (Boloria eunomia), Nicolas Schtickzelle, Camille Turlure, and Michel Baguette
19. How random is dispersal? From stochasticity to process in the description of seed movement, Frank M. Schurr
PART 5. DISPERSAL AND POPULATION SPATIAL DYNAMICS
20. Linking dispersal to spatial dynamics, Tim G. Benton & Diana E. Bowler
21. Demographic consequences of the selective forces controlling density-dependent dispersal, Francois Rousset
22. Landscape effects on spatial dynamics: the natterjack toad as a case study, Virginie M. Stevens & Aurelie Coulon
23. Dispersal and eco-evolutionary dynamics in the Glanville fritillary butterfly, Ilkka Hanski
24. Urban metapopulation dynamics and evolution of dispersal traits in the weed Crepis sancta, Pierre-Olivier Cheptou and Antoine Dornier
PART 6. DISPERSAL AND CLIMATE CHANGE
25. Dispersal and range dynamics in changing climates: a review, Jean Francois Le Galliard, Manuel Massot, and Jean Clobert
26. Dispersal and climate change: a review of theory, Justin M.J. Travis and Calvin Dytham
27. Influence of temperature on dispersal in two bird species, Henrik Parn and Bernt-Erik Saether
28. Dispersal under global change - the case of the Pine processionary moth and other insects, Hans Van Dyck
29. Plant dispersal and the velocity of climate change, James M. Bullock
PART 7. DISPERSAL AND HABITAT FRAGMENTATION
30. Evolutionary ecology of dispersal in fragmented landscape, Michel Baguette, Delphine Legrand, Helene Freville, Hans Van Dyck, and Simon Ducatez
31. Modelling the effects of habitat fragmentation, Calvin Dytham and Justin M. J. Travis
32. High connectivity despite high fragmentation: iterated dispersal in a vertebrate metapopulation, Xavier Lambin, Diane Le Bouille, Matthew K. Oliver, Chris Sutherland, Edoardo Tedesco, and Alex Douglas
33. Dispersal and habitat fragmentation in invertebrates - examples from widespread and localized butterflies, Hans Van Dyck and Michel Baguette
34. Gene flow allows persistence of a perennial forest herb in a dynamic landscape, Olivier Honnay and Hans Jacquemyn
CONCLUSION
35. Human dispersal: research tools, evidence, mechanisms, Francesco d'Errico, William Banks, and Jean Clobert
Index

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