Disputing the Floodplains: Institutional Change and the Politics of Resource Management in African Wetlandsby Tobias Haller
Pub. Date: 07/12/2010
Publisher: Brill Academic Publishers, Inc.
African Floodplains in semi-arid areas are important for local livelihoods as they harbor many common-pool resources such as fisheries, pasture, wildlife, veldt products, water and land for irrigation. However, in many of these areas resources are under pressure. This book is presenting seven case studies from Mali, Cameroon, Tanzania, Zambia and Botswana based on
African Floodplains in semi-arid areas are important for local livelihoods as they harbor many common-pool resources such as fisheries, pasture, wildlife, veldt products, water and land for irrigation. However, in many of these areas resources are under pressure. This book is presenting seven case studies from Mali, Cameroon, Tanzania, Zambia and Botswana based on anthropological fieldwork (2002-08) and explores how these common-pool resources have been managed in pre-colonial, colonial and postcolonial times. The major focus of the study is how institutional change has contributed to resource management problems and offers a comparative analysis based on the New Institutionalist approach (Jean Ensminger, Elinor Ostrom), which is combined with a special focus on ideology, discourse and narratives while focusing on conflict and power issues.
With a foreword by Elinor Ostrom.
Table of Contents
List of Illustrations vii
List of Maps, Tables and Graphs ix
Chapter 1 Institutional Change, Power and Conflicts in the Management of Common-Pool Resources in African Floodplain Ecosystems: An Introduction Tobias Haller 1
Chapter 2 Between Water Spirits and Market Forces: Institutional Changes in the Niger Inland Delta Fisheries among the Somono and Bozo Fishermen of Wandiaka and Daga-Womina (Mali) Sabrina Beeler Stücklin Karin Frei 77
Chapter 3 Tax Payments, Democracy and Rent-Seeking Administrators: Common-Pool Resource Management, Power Relations and Conflicts among the Kotoko, Musgum, Fulbe and Arab Choa in the Waza-Logone Floodplain (Cameroon) Gilbert Fokou 121
Chapter 4 Lost Control, Legal Pluralism and Damming the Flood: Changing Institutions among the Musgum and Kotoko of the village Lahaï in the Waza-Logone Floodplain (Cameroon) Gabriela Landolt 171
Chapter 5 From Integrated Slope Management to Fragmented Use: Common-Pool Resources, Institutional Change, and Conflicts in Pangani River Basin, of Same District (Tanzania) Gimbage Mbeyale 195
Chapter 6 Ujamaa-Policies, Open Access and Differential Collective Action: Common-Pool Resource Management, Institutional Change and Conflicts in the Rufiji Floodplain (Tanzania) Patrick Meroka 245
Chapter 7 "We had cattle and did not fish and hunt anyhow!" Institutional Change and Contested Commons in the Kafue Flats Floodplain (Zambia) Tobias Haller Sonja Merten 301
Chapter 8 Promise and Reality of Community Based Natural Resource Management in Botswana: Common-Pool Resource Use and Institutional Change in Ikoga, Okavango Delta (Panhandle) Roland Saum 361
Chapter 9 Between Open Access, Privatisation and Collective Action: A Comparative Analysis of Institutional Change Governing Use of Common-Pool Resources in African Floodplains Tobias Haller 413
List of Contributors 445
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