Disrupting Science: Social Movements, American Scientists, and the Politics of the Military, 1945-1975

Disrupting Science: Social Movements, American Scientists, and the Politics of the Military, 1945-1975

by Kelly Moore
     
 

ISBN-10: 0691113521

ISBN-13: 9780691113524

Pub. Date: 01/07/2008

Publisher: Princeton University Press

In the decades following World War II, American scientists were celebrated for their contributions to social and technological progress. They were also widely criticized for their increasingly close ties to military and governmental power—not only by outside activists but from among the ranks of scientists themselves. Disrupting Science tells the story

Overview

In the decades following World War II, American scientists were celebrated for their contributions to social and technological progress. They were also widely criticized for their increasingly close ties to military and governmental power—not only by outside activists but from among the ranks of scientists themselves. Disrupting Science tells the story of how scientists formed new protest organizations that democratized science and made its pursuit more transparent. The book explores how scientists weakened their own authority even as they invented new forms of political action.

Drawing extensively from archival sources and in-depth interviews, Kelly Moore examines the features of American science that made it an attractive target for protesters in the early cold war and Vietnam eras, including scientists' work in military research and activities perceived as environmentally harmful. She describes the intellectual traditions that protesters drew from—liberalism, moral individualism, and the New Left—and traces the rise and influence of scientist-led protest organizations such as Science for the People and the Union of Concerned Scientists. Moore shows how scientist protest activities disrupted basic assumptions about science and the ways scientific knowledge should be produced, and recast scientists' relationships to political and military institutions.

Disrupting Science reveals how the scientific community cumulatively worked to unbind its own scientific authority and change how science and scientists are perceived. In doing so, the book redefines our understanding of social movements and the power of insider-led protest.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780691113524
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
Publication date:
01/07/2008
Series:
Princeton Studies in Cultural Sociology Series
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
328
Product dimensions:
6.20(w) x 9.30(h) x 1.10(d)

Table of Contents

Acknowledgments     vii
List of Abbreviations     ix
Introduction     1
The Expansion and Critiques of Science-Military Ties, 1945-1970     22
Scientists as Moral Individuals: Quakerism and the Society for Social Responsibility in Science     54
Information and Political Neutrality: Liberal Science Activism and the St. Louis Committee for Nuclear Information     96
Confronting Liberalism: The Anti-Vietnam War Movement and the ABM Debate, 1965-1969     130
Doing "Science for the People": Enactments of a New Left Politics of Science     158
Conclusions: Disrupting the Social and Moral Order of Science     190
Notes     215
Bibliography     269
Index     293

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