Disrupting Science: Social Movements, American Scientists, and the Politics of the Military, 1945-1975by Kelly Moore
Pub. Date: 01/07/2008
Publisher: Princeton University Press
In the decades following World War II, American scientists were celebrated for their contributions to social and technological progress. They were also widely criticized for their increasingly close ties to military and governmental powernot only by outside activists but from among the ranks of scientists themselves. Disrupting Science tells the story/i>
In the decades following World War II, American scientists were celebrated for their contributions to social and technological progress. They were also widely criticized for their increasingly close ties to military and governmental powernot only by outside activists but from among the ranks of scientists themselves. Disrupting Science tells the story of how scientists formed new protest organizations that democratized science and made its pursuit more transparent. The book explores how scientists weakened their own authority even as they invented new forms of political action.
Drawing extensively from archival sources and in-depth interviews, Kelly Moore examines the features of American science that made it an attractive target for protesters in the early cold war and Vietnam eras, including scientists' work in military research and activities perceived as environmentally harmful. She describes the intellectual traditions that protesters drew fromliberalism, moral individualism, and the New Leftand traces the rise and influence of scientist-led protest organizations such as Science for the People and the Union of Concerned Scientists. Moore shows how scientist protest activities disrupted basic assumptions about science and the ways scientific knowledge should be produced, and recast scientists' relationships to political and military institutions.
Disrupting Science reveals how the scientific community cumulatively worked to unbind its own scientific authority and change how science and scientists are perceived. In doing so, the book redefines our understanding of social movements and the power of insider-led protest.
Table of ContentsAcknowledgments vii
List of Abbreviations ix
The Expansion and Critiques of Science-Military Ties, 1945-1970 22
Scientists as Moral Individuals: Quakerism and the Society for Social Responsibility in Science 54
Information and Political Neutrality: Liberal Science Activism and the St. Louis Committee for Nuclear Information 96
Confronting Liberalism: The Anti-Vietnam War Movement and the ABM Debate, 1965-1969 130
Doing "Science for the People": Enactments of a New Left Politics of Science 158
Conclusions: Disrupting the Social and Moral Order of Science 190
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