Dissertations on Leading Philosophical Topics

Dissertations on Leading Philosophical Topics

by Alexander Bain
     
 

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Unlike some other reproductions of classic texts (1) We have not used OCR(Optical Character Recognition), as this leads to bad quality books with introduced typos. (2) In books where there are images such as portraits, maps, sketches etc We have endeavoured to keep the quality of these images, so they represent accurately the original artefact. Although occasionally… See more details below

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Unlike some other reproductions of classic texts (1) We have not used OCR(Optical Character Recognition), as this leads to bad quality books with introduced typos. (2) In books where there are images such as portraits, maps, sketches etc We have endeavoured to keep the quality of these images, so they represent accurately the original artefact. Although occasionally there may be certain imperfections with these old texts, we feel they deserve to be made available for future generations to enjoy.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9781290622714
Publisher:
HardPress Publishing
Publication date:
08/28/2012
Pages:
340
Product dimensions:
6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x 0.71(d)

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MILL'S THEORY OF THE SYLLOGISM. (Mind, iii., 137.) Mill includes under Syllogism two things that ought to be kept separate. What he gives is not properly Syllogism. The first of the two objects of the Syllogism, almost exclusively set forth by Mill, is to exhibit the Deductive process in its simplest type. For a scientific deduction, first obtain a general rule or law ; next prove an identity between a given instance and the subject of the rule or law ; whence, apply the predicate of the law to the subject of the new instance. All this belongs to the matter, and scarcely at all to the form. Confining his view to this simple type, Mill makes out Syllogism a petitio principii; and indicates the solution by calling to mind the proper meaning of a general proposition. The second meaning of Syllogism is the formal relation between premiss and conclusion whatever the matter be. If all cases of argument were of the type of Barbara, Syllogism would never have been invented. But in many kinds of reasoning, not unfrequent, the formal relation is puzzling and uncertain, or even misleading. Hence the machinery of Figures and Moods, which is the most strict and proper expression of the Syllogism. On this view, the theory of the Syllogism is not the whole theory of the proof of a conclusion from the premisses ; it is the theory of one part of the proof—in some instances so evident as not to make a question at all, in other instances so embroiled with verbal perplexities as to demand the help of a rule or a formula furnished by the detailed figures and moods. Thus, the formalist might so guard himself as to answer the charge olpetitio principii by the equally grave charge of i9noratioelenchi. Mill's solution of the material inference the sound view of general names and propositions. In la...

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