Distillation Design and Control Using Aspen Simulation / Edition 1

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As the world continues to seek new sources of energy, the distillation process remains one of the most important separation methods in the chemical, petroleum, and energy industries. And as new renewable sources of energy and chemical feedstocks become more universally utilized, the issues of distillation design and control will remain vital to a future sustainable lifestyle.

Distillation Design and Control Using Aspen Simulation introduces the current status and future implications of this vital technology from the dual perspectives of steady-state design and dynamics. Where traditional design texts have focused mainly on the steady-state economic aspects of distillation design. William Luyben also addresses such issues as dynamic performance in the face of disturbances.

Utilizing the commercial simulators Aspen Plus and Aspen Dynamics, the text guides future and practicing chemical engineers first in the development of optimal steady-state designs of distillation systems, and then in the development of effective control structures. Encompassing nearly four decades of research and practical developments in this dynamic field, the text represents an important reference for both students and experienced engineers faced with distillation problems.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780471778882
  • Publisher: Wiley
  • Publication date: 4/21/2006
  • Edition description: Older Edition
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 360
  • Product dimensions: 7.22 (w) x 10.10 (h) x 0.90 (d)

Meet the Author

WILLIAM L. LUYBEN, PhD, is Professor of Chemical Engineering at Lehigh University where he has taught for over forty-five years. Dr. Luyben spent nine years as an engineer with Exxon and DuPont. He has published fourteen books and more than 250 original research papers. Dr. Luyben is a 2003 recipient of the Computing Practice Award from the CAST Division of the AIChE. He was elected to the Process Control Hall of Fame in 2005. In 2011, the Separations Division of the AIChE recognized his contributions to distillation technology by a special honors session.

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Table of Contents

Preface xi
1 Fundamentals of Vapor-Liquid Phase Equilibrium (VLE) 1
1.1 Vapor Pressure 1
1.2 Binary VLE Phase Diagrams 3
1.3 Physical Property Methods 7
1.4 Relative Volatility 7
1.5 Bubblepoint Calculations 9
1.6 Ternary Diagrams 10
1.7 VLE Nonideality 12
1.8 Residue Curves for Ternary Systems 18
1.9 Conclusion 26
2 Analysis of Distillation Columns 27
2.1 Design Degrees of Freedom 27
2.2 Binary McCabe-Thiele Method 28
2.3 Approximate Multicomponent Methods 38
2.4 Analysis of Ternary Systems Using DISTIL 41
2.5 Conclusion 44
3 Setting up a Steady-State Simulation 45
3.1 Configuring a New Simulation 45
3.2 Specifying Chemical Components and Physical Properties 53
3.3 Specifying Stream Properties 58
3.4 Specifying Equipment Parameters 60
3.5 Running the Simulation 64
3.6 Using "Design Spec/Vary" Function 66
3.7 Finding the Optimum Feed Tray and Minimum Conditions 80
3.8 Column Sizing 81
3.9 Conclusion 84
4 Distillation Economic Optimization 85
4.1 Heuristic Optimization 85
4.2 Economic Basis 87
4.3 Results 89
4.4 Operating Optimization 91
4.5 Conclusion 97
5 More Complex Distillation Systems 98
5.1 Methyl Acetate/Methanol/Water System 98
5.2 Ethanol Dehydration 112
5.3 Heat-Integrated Columns 122
5.4 Conclusion 129
6 Steady-State Calculations for Control Structure Selection 130
6.1 Summary of Methods 131
6.2 Binary Propane/Isobutane System 133
6.3 Ternary BTX System 137
6.4 Multicomponent Hydrocarbon System 141
6.5 Ternary Azeotropic System 145
6.6 Conclusion 150
7 Converting From Steady State to Dynamic Simulation 151
7.1 Equipment Sizing 151
7.2 Exporting to Aspen Dynamics 153
7.3 Opening the Dynamic Simulation in Aspen Dynamics 156
7.4 Installing Basic Controllers 158
7.5 Installing Temperature and Composition Controllers 166
7.6 Performance Evaluation 179
7.7 Comparison with Economic Optimum Design 184
7.8 Conclusion 187
8 Control of More Complex Columns 188
8.1 Methyl Acetate Column 188
8.2 Columns with Partial Condensers 190
8.3 Control of Heat-Integrated Distillation Columns 209
8.4 Control of Azeotropic Columns/Decanter System 222
8.5 Conclusion 231
9 Reactive Distillation 232
9.1 Introduction 232
9.2 Types of Reactive Distillation Systems 234
9.3 TAME Process Basics 238
9.4 TAME Reaction Kinetics and VLE 241
9.5 Plantwide Control Structure 246
9.6 Conclusion 250
10 Control of Sidestream Columns 251
10.1 Liquid Sidestream Column 252
10.2 Vapor Sidestream Column 257
10.3 Liquid Sidestream Column with Stripper 264
10.4 Vapor Sidestream Column with Rectifier 271
10.5 Sidestream Purge Column 281
10.6 Conclusion 290
11 Control of Petroleum Fractionators 291
11.1 Petroleum Fractions 292
11.2 Characterization of Crude Oil 296
11.3 Steady-State Design of PREFLASH Column 304
11.4 Control of PREFLASH Column 311
11.5 Steady-State Design of Pipestill 316
11.6 Control of Pipestill 333
11.7 Conclusion 342
Index 343
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