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Distributive Justice and Disability: Utilitarianism against Egalitarianism
     

Distributive Justice and Disability: Utilitarianism against Egalitarianism

by Mark S. Stein
 

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ISBN-10: 0300100574

ISBN-13: 9780300100570

Pub. Date: 06/11/2006

Publisher: Yale University Press

Theories of distributive justice are most severely tested in the area of disability. In this book, Mark Stein argues that utilitarianism performs better than egalitarian theories in this area: whereas egalitarian theories help the disabled either too little or too much, utilitarianism achieves the proper balance by placing resources where they will do the most

Overview

Theories of distributive justice are most severely tested in the area of disability. In this book, Mark Stein argues that utilitarianism performs better than egalitarian theories in this area: whereas egalitarian theories help the disabled either too little or too much, utilitarianism achieves the proper balance by placing resources where they will do the most good.
Stein offers what may be the broadest critique of egalitarian theory from a utilitarian perspective.  He addresses the work of egalitarian theorists John Rawls, Ronald Dworkin, Amartya Sen, Bruce Ackerman, Martha Nussbaum, Norman Daniels, Philippe Van Parijs, and others. Stein claims that egalitarians are often driven to borrow elements of utilitarianism in order to make their theories at all plausible. 
The book concludes with an acknowledgment that both utilitarians and egalitarians face problems in the distribution of life-saving medical resources. Stein advocates a version of utilitarianism that would distribute life-saving resources based on life expectancy, not quality of life. Egalitarian theories, he argues, ignore life expectancy and so are again found wanting. 
Distributive Justice and Disability is a powerful and engaging book that helps to reframe the debate between egalitarian and utilitarian thinkers.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780300100570
Publisher:
Yale University Press
Publication date:
06/11/2006
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
316
Product dimensions:
5.50(w) x 8.25(h) x (d)

Table of Contents

Contents

Acknowledgments....................ix
ONE Introduction....................1
TWO Intuitionist Theory and Interpersonal Comparisons....................11
THREE Disability and Welfare....................23
FOUR Utilitarianism and Distribution to the Disabled....................33
FIVE Egalitarianism and Distribution to the Disabled....................55
SIX Rawls....................102
SEVEN Dworkin....................119
EIGHT Ackerman....................158
NINE Welfarism Weighted or Unweighted?....................180
TEN Intuition about Aggregation....................207
ELEVEN Distribution of Life....................222
TWELVE Conclusion: Philosophy and Policy....................266
Notes....................273
Index....................301

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