District Laboratory Practice in Tropical Countries [NOOK Book]

Overview

This new edition includes an update on HIV disease/AIDS, recently developed HIV rapid tests to diagnose HIV infection and screen donor blood, and current information on antiretroviral drugs and the laboratory monitoring of antiretroviral therapy. Information on the epidemiology and laboratory investigation of other pathogens has also been brought up to date. Several new, rapid, simple to perform immunochromatographic tests to assist in the diagnosis of infectious diseases are described, including those for ...

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District Laboratory Practice in Tropical Countries

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Overview

This new edition includes an update on HIV disease/AIDS, recently developed HIV rapid tests to diagnose HIV infection and screen donor blood, and current information on antiretroviral drugs and the laboratory monitoring of antiretroviral therapy. Information on the epidemiology and laboratory investigation of other pathogens has also been brought up to date. Several new, rapid, simple to perform immunochromatographic tests to assist in the diagnosis of infectious diseases are described, including those for brucellosis, cholera, dengue, leptospirosis, syphilis and hepatitis. Recently developed lgM antibody tests to investigate typhoid fever are also described. The new classification of salmonellae has been introduced. Details of manufacturers and suppliers now include website information and e-mail addresses. The haematology and blood transfusion chapters have been updated, including a review of haemoglobin measurement methods in consideration of the high prevalence of anaemia in developing countries.

The book contains predominantly black-and-white illustrations, with some color illustrations.

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Editorial Reviews

Doody's Review Service
Reviewer: Valerie L. Ng, PhD MD(Alameda County Medical Center/Highland Hospital)
Description: This is the second of a two-volume set that addresses practical issues related to microbiology, hematology, and transfusion medicine laboratory testing and clinical laboratory medicine practice.
Purpose: The purpose of the set is to make available — at low cost — good laboratory practice concepts, methods, and procedures for those working in tropical countries, "often in difficult and challenging situations."
Audience: The author intends this book for laboratorians working with limited means. This book, however, would be useful for laboratorians everywhere, as well as medical technology students, medical students, pathology and laboratory medicine residents in training and practicing pathologists.
Features: This is a condensed, concise, and highly informative book on recommended microbiology, hematology and transfusion medicine laboratory practice. It is amazingly complete — ranging from preanalytical issues (specimen handling, volunteer blood donation) to detailed methods (including how to make Pasteur pipettes from glass tubing!) to clinical interpretation of relevant laboratory test results. A nice feature is the 20 pages of color photomicrographs (peripheral blood) and other illustrative plates (various microbiology tests — bacterial colonies, rapid tests including membrane-based ones) which are of wonderfully high quality and educational value. I especially enjoyed the remarkably thorough 11 chapters covering all aspects of hematology — anemia, hemoglobin variants, coagulation, leukemia, etc. — in just 80 pages. Another nice feature is the appendixes — appendix I contains recipes for bacterial culture media, and appendix II contains useful addresses for manufacturers and suppliers of laboratory reagents and supplies. The only drawback to this book is the glaring absence of information on topics covered in Part 1. After leafing through this book, I must admit that I began to consider replacing my many books on microbiology, hematology and transfusion medicine with just this volume, as well as to think about reviewing current practice in these areas in my own laboratory to identify those which could be performed at lower cost and labor, yet maintaining the same high level of quality!
Assessment: This is really a great book — everything you need to know at your fingertips in just one book. Although developed as a low cost alternative for laboratories in tropical countries having limited resources, this book would be just as useful for any clinical laboratory anywhere.

5 Stars! from Doody
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781139636483
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • Publication date: 12/5/2012
  • Sold by: Barnes & Noble
  • Format: eBook
  • Edition number: 2
  • File size: 13 MB
  • Note: This product may take a few minutes to download.

Table of Contents

Chapter 7 Microbiological tests

7.1 Microbiology practice and quality assurance in district laboratories 1

7.2 Features and classification of microorganisms of medical importance 9

7.3 Microscopical techniques used in microbiology 35

7.4 Culturing bacterial pathogens 45

7.5 Biochemical tests to identify bacteria 62

7.6 Examination of sputum 71

7.7 Examination of throat and mouth specimens 76

7.8 Examination of pus, ulcer material and skin specimens 80

7.9 Examination of effusions 85

7.10 Examination of urogenital specimens 90

7.11 Examination of faecal specimens 97

7.12 Examination of urine 105

7.13 Examination of cerebrospinal fluid (c.s.f.) 116

7.14 Culturing blood 124

7.15 Examination of semen 130

7.16 Antimicrobial susceptibility testing 132

7.17 Water-related diseases and testing of water supplies 143

7.18 Summary of the clinical and laboratory features of microorganisms

Bacterial pathogens 157-234

Fungal pathogens 234-247

Viral pathogens 248-266

Colour Section between 266

Chapter 8 Haematological tests

8.1 Haematology in district laboratories and quality assurance 268-271

8.2 Functions of blood, haematopoiesis and blood disorders 271-295

8.3 Collection of blood 295-299

8.4 Measurement of haemoglobin 299-309

8.5 PCV and red cell indices 309-313

8.6 Counting white cells and platelets 313-319

8.7 Blood films 319-329

8.8 Erythrocyte sedimentation rate 329-331

8.9 Reticulocyte count. Methaemoglobin reduction test 331-334

8.10 Investigation of sickle cell disease 334-340

8.11 Investigation of bleeding disorders 340-347

Chapter 9 Blood transfusion tests

9.1 Blood transfusion services at district level and qualityassurance 348-351

9.2 Blood donation and storage of blood 352-361

9.3 Blood grouping 362-369

9.4 Compatibility testing 369-378

Recommended Books 379

Details of Part 1 380

Appendix I Preparation of reagents and culture media 382-407

Appendix II Useful addresses 410-416

Index 417-434*************

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