Diversity in Contemporary American Politics and Government

Diversity in Contemporary American Politics and Government

by David A. Dulio, Erin O'Brien, John S. Klemanski
     
 

ISBN-10: 0205550363

ISBN-13: 9780205550364

Pub. Date: 03/01/2009

Publisher: Pearson

Organized to follow the structure of a standard introduction to American politics text, this unique reader highlights the role of diversity in U.S. politics through exploration of engaging, contemporary political issues.

Based on the thesis that demographic diversity in America plays an important role in political outcomes and policy

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Overview

Organized to follow the structure of a standard introduction to American politics text, this unique reader highlights the role of diversity in U.S. politics through exploration of engaging, contemporary political issues.

Based on the thesis that demographic diversity in America plays an important role in political outcomes and policy processes, this reader covers a wide range of contemporary issues and encompasses a myriad of group cleavages. Carefully selected readings from both academic and popular sources, in conjunction with introductions by the editors and end of chapter resources, present complex issues in an accessible, engaging way.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780205550364
Publisher:
Pearson
Publication date:
03/01/2009
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
368
Product dimensions:
6.30(w) x 9.10(h) x 0.80(d)

Table of Contents

CONTENTS

Alternative Contents: Demographic Groupings ix

Acknowledgments xvii

About the Editors xix

Introduction 1

Section 1: The Constitution and Contested Notions of Equality 7

R EADING 1: “Equal Rights Redux: The Three-State Solution,” Jonathan Turley 9

R EADING 2: “Whatever Happened to the ERA?” Jane Mansbridge 12

R EADING 3: “Supreme Confusion,” Terry Eastland 17

R EADING 4: “Unsound Constitution,” George P. Fletcher 20

Section 2: Federalism: Governmental Competition or Cooperation? 27

R EADING 1: “When Government Fails–Katrina’s Aftermath,” The Economist 29

R EADING 2: “Judge Rejects Hazleton Law on Immigrants; A City Cannot Take Such a National Issue into Its Own Hands, He Says,” David G. Savage and Nicole Gaouette 34

R EADING 3: “A Ban We Don’t (Yet) Need,” Charles Krauthammer 37

R EADING 4: “Welfare Policy Choices in the States: Does the Hard Line Follow the Color Line?” Joe Soss, Sanford F. Schram, Thomas P. Vartanian, and Erin E. O’Brien 39

Section 3: American Political Culture: Notions and Boundaries 48

R EADING 1: “What Is the American Dream?” Jennifer Hochschild 50

R EADING 2: “Poverty Weaves Through the Lives of Many Americans,” Jean Hopfensperger 63

R EADING 3: “Racial Discrimination Still at Work,” David Wessel 66

R EADING 4: “The End of Multiculturalism,” Lawrence E. Harrison 69

Section 4: Public Opinion: Many Voices? 74

R EADING 1: “The Male Perspective,” Roberta Sigel 76

R EADING 2: “Race, Income, and Perceptions of the U.S. Court System,” Richard R.W. Brooks and Haekyung Jeon-Slaughter 84

R EADING 3: “Religion and Public Opinion about Same-Sex Marriage,” Laura R. Olson, Wendy Cadge, and James T. Harrison 88

R EADING 4: “Support for Vouchers,” Terry Moe 97

Section 5: Political Participation: Definitions, Patterns, and Consequences 108

R EADING 1: “American Democracy in an Age of Rising Inequality,” American Political Science Association Task Force 110

R EADING 2: “The Double-Edged Sword of Women’s Organizing: Poverty and the Emergence of Racial and Class Differences in Women’s Policy Priorities,” Erin E. O’Brien 119

R EADING 3: “Mass Imprisonment and the Disappearing Voters,” Marc Mauer 128

R EADING 4: “Several Factors Contributed to ‘Lost’ Voters in Ohio,” Michael Powell and Peter Slevin 132

Section 6: Political Parties: Who Gets Invited? 138

R EADING 1: “Party Coalitions and Party Change,” Marjorie Randon Hershey 139

R EADING 2: “The American Debate: GOP Drops the Ball on Hispanic Vote,” Dick Polman 150

R EADING 3: “How Gay Republican Strategies Can Advance the Gay Equality Movement,” Richard Tafel 153

R EADING 4: “Can Women Enter the ‘Big Tents’? National Party Structures and Presidential Nominations,” Melissa Haussman 160

Section 7: Organized Interest Groups: What Are Interests and Who Organizes Them? 169

R EADING 1: “EMILY’s List: A Force for 20 Years,” Margaret Talev 171

R EADING 2: “Injecting a Woman’s Voice: Conservative Women’s Organizations,

Gender Consciousness, and the Expression of Women’s Policy Preferences,” Ronnee Schreiber 173

R EADING 3: “African-Americans, Latinos Seek to Build Coalition,” Janita Poe 188

R EADING 4: “Number of Black Lobbyists Shockingly Low,” Jeffrey H. Birnbaum 191

Section 8: Media Sources and the Politics of Use and Representation 195

R EADING 1: “Who’s Talking Now: A Follow-Up Analysis of Guest

Appearances by Women on Sunday Morning Talk Shows,” The White House Project 197

R EADING 2: “Correlational Framing: Media Portrayals of Race and Poverty,” Martin Gilens 207

R EADING 3: “American Women and Politics in the Media: A Review Essay,” Stephanie Greco Larson 213

R EADING 4: “The Access Divide,” Karen Mossberger, Caroline J. Tolbert, and Mary Stansbury with Ramona McNeal 217

Section 9: Campaigns and Elections: Searching for Voters 228

R EADING 1: “Looking for Voters in All the New Places: Hispanic Immigrants Are Settling in Unexpected Spots, and Pols Scramble to Enlist Their Support,” Ari Pinkus 230

R EADING 2: “The Man from New Mexico; The Candidates: Bill Richardson and the Latino Vote,” The Economist 232

R EADING 3: “The Rules for Female Candidates,” Libby Copeland 235

R EADING 4: “Who Voted?” Paul R. Abramson, John H. Aldrich, and David W. Rohde 238

Section 10: The Legislative Branch: How Representative Is It? 249

R EADING 1: “Hill Demographic Goes Slightly More Female,” Lois Romano 251

R EADING 2: “The Representation of Black Interests in Congress,” Carol Swain 253

R EADING 3: “Representing Women’s Interests in the U.S. House of Representatives,” Debra L. Dodson 257

R EADING 4: “In the Eye of the Overhaul Storm,” Martin Kady II 268

Section 11: The Executive Branch: More Than a One- Man Show 275

R EADING 1: “Is America Too Racist for Barack? Too Sexist for Hillary?” Benjamin Wallace-Wells 277

R EADING 2: “Presidential Leadership: Governance from a Woman’s Perspective,” Lori Cox Han 281

R EADING 3: “Bush Is Opening Doors with a Diverse Cabinet,” Susan Page 292

R EADING 4: “Political Appointees in the United States: Does Gender Make a Difference?” Julie Dolan 295

Section 12: The Courts: Symbolic and Substantive Representation 304

R EADING 1: “Some Disappointed Nominee Won’t Add Diversity to Court,” Dan Balz and Darryl Fears 306

R EADING 2: “The First Latino Supreme Court Justice?” Kevin R. Johnson 309

R EADING 3: “A Diversity of Minds, Not Biology,” Cass R. Sunstein 312

R EADING 4: “Representative Decision Making on the Federal Bench: Clinton’s District Court Appointees,” Jennifer A. Segal 314

Section 13: Civil Rights and Civil Liberties: Protecting Everyone’s Rights in a Democracy 323

R EADING 1: “An Ode to Justice Lewis F. Powell, Jr.: The Supreme Court Approves the Consideration of Race as a Factor in Admissions by Public Institutions of Higher Education,” James E. Coleman, Jr. 325

R EADING 2: “Wal-Mart Values,” Liza Featherstone 328

R EADING 3: “Flying while Arab: Lessons from the Racial Profiling Controversy,” David Harris 333

R EADING 4: “Similar Struggles: Gay Rights and Civil Rights,” Eric Deggans 339

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