Diversity in Contemporary American Politics and Government

Diversity in Contemporary American Politics and Government

by David A. Dulio, Erin O'Brien, John S. Klemanski
     
 

Organized to follow the structure of a standard introduction to American politics text, this unique reader highlights the role of diversity in U.S. politics through exploration of engaging, contemporary political issues.

Based on the thesis that demographic diversity in America plays an important role in political outcomes and policy processes, this reader

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Overview

Organized to follow the structure of a standard introduction to American politics text, this unique reader highlights the role of diversity in U.S. politics through exploration of engaging, contemporary political issues.

Based on the thesis that demographic diversity in America plays an important role in political outcomes and policy processes, this reader covers a wide range of contemporary issues and encompasses a myriad of group cleavages. Carefully selected readings from both academic and popular sources, in conjunction with introductions by the editors and end of chapter resources, present complex issues in an accessible, engaging way.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780205550364
Publisher:
Pearson
Publication date:
03/01/2009
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
368
Product dimensions:
6.30(w) x 9.10(h) x 0.80(d)

Table of Contents

Alternative Contents: Demographic Groupings ix

Acknowledgments xvii

About the Editors xix

Introduction 1

Section 1 The Constitution and Contested Notions of Equality 7

Reading 1 "Equal Rights Redux: The Three-State Solution," Jonathan Turley 9

Reading 2 "Whatever Happened to the ERA?" Jane Mansbridge 12

Reading 3 "Supreme Confusion," Terry Eastland 17

Reading 4 "Unsound Constitution," George P. Fletcher 20

Section 2 Federalism: Governmental Competition or Cooperation? 27

Reading 1 "When Government Fails-Katrina's Aftermath" The Economist 29

Reading 2 "Judge Rejects Hazleton Law on Immigrants; A City Cannot Take Such a National Issue into Its Own Hands, He Says" David G. Savage Nicole Gaouette 34

Reading 3 "A Ban We Don't (Yet) Need" Charles Krauthammer 37

Reading 4 "Welfare Policy Choices in the States: Does the Hard Line Follow the Color Line?" Joe Soss Sanford F. Schram Thomas P. Vartanian Erin E. O'Brien 39

Section 3 American Political Culture: Notions and Boundaries 48

Reading 1 "What Is the American Dream?" Jennifer Hochschild 50

Reading 2 "Poverty Weaves Through the Lives of Many Americans" Jean Hopfensperger 63

Reading 3 "Racial Discrimination Still at Work" David Wessel 66

Reading 4 "The End of Multiculturalism" Lawrence E. Harrison 69

Section 4 Public Opinion: Many Voices? 74

Reading 1 "The Male Perspective" Roberta Sigel 76

Reading 2 "Race, Income, and Perceptions of the U.S. Court System" Richard R.W. Brooks Haekyung Jeon-Slaughter 84

Reading 3 "Religion and Public Opinion about Same-Sex Marriage" Laura R. Olson Wendy Cadge James T. Harrison 88

Reading 4 "Support for Vouchers" Terry Moe 97

Section 5Political Participation: Definitions, Patterns, and Consequences 108

Reading 1 "American Democracy in an Age of Rising Inequality" American Political Science Association Task Force 110

Reading 2 "The Double-Edged Sword of Women's Organizing: Poverty and the Emergence of Racial and Class Differences in Women's Policy Priorities" Erin E. O'Brien 119

Reading 3 "Mass Imprisonment and the Disappearing Voters" Marc Mauer 128

Reading 4 "Several Factors Contributed to 'Lost' Voters in Ohio" Michael Powell Peter Slevin 132

Section 6 Political Parties: Who Gets Invited? 138

Reading 1 "Party Coalitions and Party Change" Marjorie Randon Hershey 139

Reading 2 "The American Debate: GOP Drops the Ball on Hispanic Vote" Dick Polman 150

Reading 3 "How Gay Republican Strategies Can Advance the Gay Equality Movement" Richard Tafel 153

Reading 4 "Can Women Enter the 'Big Tents'? National Party Structures and Presidential Nominations" Melissa Haussman 160

Section 7 Organized Interest Groups: What Are Interests and Who Organizes Them? 169

Reading 1 "EMILY's List: A Force for 20 Years" Margaret Talev 171

Reading 2 "Injecting a Woman's Voice: Conservative Women's Organizations, Gender Consciousness, and the Expression of Women's Policy Preferences" Ronnee Schreiber 173

Reading 3 "African-Americans, Latinos Seek to Build Coalition" Janita Poe 188

Reading 4 "Number of Black Lobbyists Shockingly Low" Jeffrey H. Birnbaum 191

Section 8 Media Sources and the Politics of Use and Representation 195

Reading 1 "Who's Talking Now: A Follow-Up Analysis of Guest Appearances by Women on Sunday Morning Talk Shows" The White House Project 197

Reading 2 "Correlational Framing: Media Portrayals of Race and Poverty" Martin Gilens 207

Reading 3 "American Women and Politics in the Media: A Review Essay" Stephanie Greco Larson 213

Reading 4 "The Access Divide" Karen Mossberger Caroline J. Tolbert Mary Stansbury Ramona McNeal 217

Section 9 Campaigns and Elections: Searching for Voters 228

Reading 1 "Looking for Voters in All the New Places: Hispanic Immigrants Are Settling in Unexpected Spots, and Pols Scramble to Enlist Their Support" Ari Pinkus 230

Reading 2 "The Man from New Mexico; The Candidates: Bill Richardson and the Latino Vote" The Economist 232

Reading 3 "The Rules for Female Candidates" Libby Copeland 235

Reading 4 "Who Voted?" Paul R. Abramson John H. Aldrich David W. Rohde 238

Section 10 The Legislative Branch: How Representative Is It? 249

Reading 1 "Hill Demographic Goes Slightly More Female" Lois Romano 251

Reading 2 "The Representation of Black Interests in Congress" Carol Swain 253

Reading 3 "Representing Women's Interests in the U.S. House of Representatives" Debra L. Dodson 257

Reading 4 "In the Eye of the Overhaul Storm" Martin Kady II 268

Section 11 The Executive Branch: More Than a One-Man Show 275

Reading 1 "Is America Too Racist for Barack? Too Sexist for Hillary?" Benjamin Wallace-Wells 277

Reading 2 "Presidential Leadership: Governance from a Woman's Perspective" Lori Cox Han 281

Reading 3 "Bush Is Opening Doors with a Diverse Cabinet" Susan Page 292

Reading 4 "Political Appointees in the United States: Does Gender Make a Difference?" Julie Dolan 295

Section 12 The Courts: Symbolic and Substantive Representation 304

Reading 1 "Some Disappointed Nominee Won't Add Diversity to Court" Dan Blaz Darryl Fears 306

Reading 2 "The First Latino Supreme Court Justice?" Kevin R. Johnson 309

Reading 3 "A Diversity of Minds, Not Biology" Cass R. Sunstein 312

Reading 4 "Representative Decision Making on the Federal Bench: Clinton's District Court Appointees" Jennifer A. Segal 314

Section 13 Civil Rights and Civil Liberaties: Protecting Everyone's Rights in a Democracy 323

Reading 1 "An Ode to Justice Lewis F. Powell, Jr.: The Supreme Court Approves the Consideration of Race as a Factor in Admissions by Public Institutions of Higher Education" James E. Coleman, Jr. 325

Reading 2 "Wal-Mart Values" Liza Featherstone 328

Reading 3 "Flying while Arab: Lessons from the Racial Profiling Controversy" David Harris 333

Reading 4 "Similar Struggles: Gay Rights and Civil Rights" Eric Deggans 339

Photo Credits 346

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