Diversity in Schools


Education of America’s school children always has been and always will be a hot-button issue. From what should be taught to how to pay for education to how to keep kids safe in schools, impassioned debates emerge and mushroom, both within the scholarly community and among the general public. This volume in the point/counterpoint Debating Issues in American Education reference series tackles the topic of diversity in schools. Fifteen to twenty chapters explore such varied issues as ability grouping, affirmative ...

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Education of America’s school children always has been and always will be a hot-button issue. From what should be taught to how to pay for education to how to keep kids safe in schools, impassioned debates emerge and mushroom, both within the scholarly community and among the general public. This volume in the point/counterpoint Debating Issues in American Education reference series tackles the topic of diversity in schools. Fifteen to twenty chapters explore such varied issues as ability grouping, affirmative action, bilingual education, gender bias, illegal aliens in the classroom, mainstreaming and inclusion, and more. Each chapter opens with an introductory essay by the volume editor, followed by point/counterpoint articles written and signed by invited experts, and concludes with Further Readings and Resources, thus providing readers with views on multiple sides of diversity issues in America's schools and pointing them toward more in-depth resources for further exploration.

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Product Details

Meet the Author

Frank Brown is the Cary C. Boshamer Distinguished Professor of Educational Leadership and Dean Emeritus, School of Education, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Brown holds a Ph D from the University of California at Berkeley and has held several academic and administrative positions: lecturer in education and acting director of mathematics and science education, University of California at Berkeley; associate director, New York State Commission on the Quality, Cost and Financing of Elementary and Secondary Education; assistant professor and director of University’s Urban Institute, City College of New York; professor of educational administration and Ph D program in public policy and director of the Cora P. Maloney College, State University of New York at Buffalo; and visiting scholar, Graduate School of Education, University of California at Berkeley. He has authored more than 300 publications and is listed in and Who’s Who in America and Who’s Who in Black America.

Richard C. Hunter is a professor of educational administration and former head of the Educational Organization and Leadership Department at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. He holds an Ed D in policy, planning, and administration from the University of California at Berkeley and was professor and chair of the Educational Leadership Program at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. He has worked as a teacher, a principal, and an assistant and associate superintendent in the public schools of Berkeley, California; U.S. Air Force Schools in Tokyo, Japan; Richmond, California; and Seattle, Washington. He also was the district superintendent of the public schools of Richmond, Virginia; Dayton, Ohio; and Baltimore, Maryland. He was an associate director for education for the U.S. Department of Defense Education Activity in Arlington, Virginia. He was given a Fulbright Scholar Program Award from the U.S. Department of State and is currently serving as a lecturer at the Bahrain Teachers College of the University of Bahrain.

Saran Donahoo is an associate professor in the Department of Educational Administration and Higher Education and the director of the College Student Personnel Program at Southern Illinois University Carbondale. She earned both her Ph D and her MA at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. She completed her BA in secondary education at the University of Arizona. Her published works include coediting Teaching Leaders to Lead Teachers: Educational Administration in the Era of Constant Crisis and articles in Teachers College Record, Equity & Excellence in Education, Christian Higher Education, Urban Education, and Education and Urban Society, as well as an array of book chapters. She also serves as associate editor for Media Reviews for the Journal of Student Affairs Research & Practice. In 2009, she received both the Joyce Cain Award for Distinguished Research on African Descendants from the Comparative and International Education Society (CIES) and the American Educational Research Association (AERA) Division J Outstanding Publication Award.

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Table of Contents

About the Editors-in-Chief x

About the Volume Editors xii

About the Contributors xiv

Introduction xix

1 Should the Courts Be the Primary Focus in Efforts to Achieve Desegregation? 1

Overview Frank Brown 1

Point Richard C. Hunter 4

Counterpoint E. Lincoln James Paul E. Pitre 11

2 Are Multicultural Counseling Programs in Schools Needed to Improve the Academic Performance of Students? 19

Overview Saran Donahoo 19

Point Deneia M. Thomas 23

Counterpoint Jennifer L. Burris Katrina A. R. Akande Sonja M. Feist-Price 29

3 Are Traditional University Preparation Programs the Best Way to Prepare Teachers and Administrators to Teach Diverse Student Populations? 37

Overview Frank Brown 37

Point Martin Scanlan 40

Counterpoint Carl Byron Keys, II 47

4 Can Race to the Top and Related Programs Improve Underperforming Schools? 55

Overview Frank Brown 55

Point William J. Miller 58

Counterpoint Muhammad Khalifa Nimo Abdi 65

5 Is Aid to Schools Under Title I the Best Way to Close the Achievement Gap Between Students Who Are Economically Disadvantaged and Those Who Are Not? 75

Overview Frank Brown 75

Point Paul E. Pitre E. Lincoln James 78

Counterpoint James E. Lyons 84

6 Is Aid to Schools Under Title I an Appropriate Strategy for Closing the Achievement Gap Between Minority and Majority Students? 93

Overview Frank Brown 93

Point Richard C. Hunter 96

Counterpoint James E. Lyons 102

7 Given School Dropout Rates, Especially Among Poor and Minority Students, Should College Attendance Be the Norm for All U.S. Students? 113

Overview Richard C. Hunter 113

Point Saran Donahoo 117

Counterpoint Valerie Hill-Jackson Brandon Fox Rachel Jackson Marlon C. James 123

8 Does Incorporating Elements from Popular Culture, Such as Hip-Hop, on School Campuses Help Public Schools Serve Diverse Student Populations? 133

Overview Saran Donahoo 133

Point Latish Reed Natalie A. Tran Christopher N. Thomas 137

Counterpoint Dana Griffin 142

9 Should All Forms of Ability Grouping Be Eliminated in Schools? 149

Overview Saran Donahoo 149

Point Tiffany R. Wheeler 152

Counterpoint Deborah A. Harmon 159

10 Do Current Funding Structures and Districting Criteria of Public Education Marginalize Ethnic and Racial Minority Students? 168

Overview Frank Brown 168

Point Robert C. Knoeppel 171

Counterpoint Enid Beverley Jones 177

11 Are English-Only Models the Most Appropriate Means for Teaching English to English Language Learners? 186

Overview Saran Donahoo 186

Point Linwood J. Randolph Xue Lan Rong 190

Counterpoint Patrice Preston-Grimes Wendy W. Amato 197

12 Should Gender Be Applied as a Diversity Criterion in Educational Programming and Placement? 206

Overview Richard C. Hunter 206

Point Wayne D. Lewis 209

Counterpoint Cosette M. Grant 214

13 Is the Full-Service Community School Model for Involving Parents and Community Members From Diverse Backgrounds Useful in Furthering Equitable Educational Opportunity Among Majority-Minority School Populations? 221

Overview Richard C. Hunter 221

Point Dana Griffin 224

Counterpoint Natalie A. Tran Miguel Zavala 229

14 Should Pull-Out Instructional Programs Be Retained Under Title I's Compensatory Education Provisions? 237

Overview Richard C. Hunter 237

Point John A. Oliver Miguel A. Guajardo 241

Counterpoint Latish Reed 248

15 Should Gender-Based Student Loan Forgiveness Be Used to Increase the Percentage of Male Teachers and Administrators in Public Schools? 255

Overview Saran Donahoo 255

Point Paul Green 259

Counterpoint Mona Bryant-Shanklin 265

Index 274

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