Divided Ground: Indians, Settlers, and the Northern Borderland of the American Revolution [NOOK Book]

Overview

From the Pulitzer Prize-winning author of William Cooper's Town comes a dramatic and illuminating portrait of white and Native American relations in the aftermath of the American Revolution.

The Divided Ground tells the story of two friends, a Mohawk Indian and the son of a colonial clergyman, whose relationship helped redefine North America. As one served American expansion by promoting Indian dispossession and religious conversion, and the ...
See more details below
Divided Ground: Indians, Settlers, and the Northern Borderland of the American Revolution

Available on NOOK devices and apps  
  • NOOK Devices
  • Samsung Galaxy Tab 4 NOOK 7.0
  • Samsung Galaxy Tab 4 NOOK 10.1
  • NOOK HD Tablet
  • NOOK HD+ Tablet
  • NOOK eReaders
  • NOOK Color
  • NOOK Tablet
  • Tablet/Phone
  • NOOK for Windows 8 Tablet
  • NOOK for iOS
  • NOOK for Android
  • NOOK Kids for iPad
  • PC/Mac
  • NOOK for Windows 8
  • NOOK for PC
  • NOOK for Mac
  • NOOK for Web

Want a NOOK? Explore Now

NOOK Book (eBook)
$13.99
BN.com price

Overview

From the Pulitzer Prize-winning author of William Cooper's Town comes a dramatic and illuminating portrait of white and Native American relations in the aftermath of the American Revolution.

The Divided Ground tells the story of two friends, a Mohawk Indian and the son of a colonial clergyman, whose relationship helped redefine North America. As one served American expansion by promoting Indian dispossession and religious conversion, and the other struggled to defend and strengthen Indian territories, the two friends became bitter enemies. Their battle over control of the Indian borderland, that divided ground between the British Empire and the nascent United States, would come to define nationhood in North America. Taylor tells a fascinating story of the far-reaching effects of the American Revolution and the struggle of American Indians to preserve a land of their own.


From the Trade Paperback edition.
Read More Show Less

Editorial Reviews

Matthew Price
The Divided Ground is a superbly researched work of history,… Taylor forces us to look anew at the American Revolution from a tragic -- and necessary -- perspective.
— The Washington Post
Publishers Weekly
The study of borderlands is hot; Pulitzer and Bancroft prize-winning historian Taylor (William Cooper's Town) offers a rich, sprawling history focusing on the Iroquois Six Nations of New York and Upper Canada during the era of the American Revolution. Taylor examines Indians' wise but unsuccessful attempts to hold onto their land as colonists encroached on it. One of Taylor's great insights is that historians have taken at face value what European settlers said about the "preemption rights" by which colonists and imperial governments claimed Indian territory. Taylor recovers Indians' reactions to those "rights." Many Indian leaders, recognizing that they couldn't reverse European settlement, tried to at least dictate how that settlement would unfold-they wished to lease, rather than sell, their land, and they hoped to pick their neighbors. Giving narrative shape to the depressing and potentially unwieldy saga is the tale of a 50-year relationship between Joseph Brant, a Mohawk who exploited his ability to shift "between European gentility and Indian culture" in an effort to preserve native land rights, and Samuel Kirkland, a pious Calvinist who was both an evangelist and government agent among the Indians. This complex history told by a master of the trade will repay close reading. 48 b&w illus., 4 maps. (Mar.) Copyright 2006 Reed Business Information.
Library Journal
From the late 1600s to the 1760s, the Iroquois Confederacy had deftly used its diplomatic skills and military prowess to maintain its political independence as European powers fought for control of the continent. Following the conclusion of the French and Indian War, members of the Iroquois Confederacy forged close ties with the British. Pulitzer and Bancroft prize winner Taylor (history, Univ. of California at Davis; William Cooper's Town: Power and Persuasion on the Frontier of the Early American Republic) brilliantly explores how the Iroquois used their political and military alliance with the British to maintain their sovereignty, a strategy that worked well until the outbreak of the American Revolution. The conclusion of the war found the Iroquois Confederacy splintered. The remnants of the Iroquois attempted to rely on their diplomatic skills in the hopes of maintaining their traditional lands, but the effort was doomed because their sovereignty was not respected by their British or American neighbors; British Canada and the United States of America created a border that ultimately served to destroy Iroquoia. This magnificent scholarly monograph is extremely well written and should be acquired by all libraries.-John Burch, Campbellsville Univ. Lib., KY Copyright 2006 Reed Business Information.
Kirkus Reviews
Pulitzer Prize-winning historian Taylor (American Colonies, 2001, etc.) turns in a grand tale "of mutual need and mutual suspicion" as Americans, Indians and the colonial powers vied for mastery of the 18th-century frontier. His dramatis personae vast, Taylor here focuses on two men: the infamous Mohawk leader Joseph Brant and the lesser known American revolutionary Samuel Kirkland. Fellow students at a Connecticut boarding school, each fought the other when war came. The Mohawks took the British side not out of any love for an imagined mother country but as an expedient of sorts; by the time Kirkland and Brant first met, a great influx of Yankee settlers had overwhelmed the Algonquians of New England, "confining the survivors . . . in a landscape of colonial farms and commercial seaports," and the independence-minded Mohawks, part of the Iroquois Confederation, had no illusions about their own fate given the land-hungry, westward-looking immigrant population. France's surprisingly swift collapse following defeat in the Seven Years' War meant that England was the default choice for protection, with the fox-in-the-henhouse nature of the colonial militia and the Iroquois' misgivings over "the ability of the untrained and poorly equipped Patriots to compete with the superior discipline and arms of the British regulars." Kirkland, a minister who came to believe that "the Christian religion was not designed for Indians," and his fellow frontier colonists, proved a tough enough foe, and in all events, Brant was distracted by the constant need to convince the British that the Indians were not pawns, but "distinct allies, separate and equal." No such understanding ensued. The British weredefeated, and Brant's followers went into exile in Canada shamefaced but with their suspicions confirmed: In no time, the Yankees had overwhelmed the Iroquois, too, backed by a new government that, unlike Britain's, "was more solicitous of squatters' votes than Indians' rights."Illuminating and evenhanded; a sturdy companion to Fred Anderson's The War That Made America (2005) and other recent studies of the colonial and postcolonial frontier.
From the Publisher
“A superbly researched work of history... forces us to look anew at the American Revolution from a tragic –and necessary –perspective”—The Washington Post Book World“Meticulously researched...by immersing us in its details Taylor makes us see the Iroquois as active shapers of American history, and their struggle to keep their homeland as part of our shared American past.”—San Diego Union-Tribune“In this dramatic, precise account [Taylor] describes an American Revolution with dire consequences for native peoples. . . fascinating. . . .[A] stunningly alternative American Revolution.”—The Boston Globe“Formidably researched, and display[s] a breathtaking intellectual understanding.”—The Denver Post
Read More Show Less

Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780307428424
  • Publisher: Knopf Doubleday Publishing Group
  • Publication date: 12/18/2007
  • Sold by: Random House
  • Format: eBook
  • Pages: 560
  • Sales rank: 680,027
  • File size: 5 MB

Meet the Author

Alan Taylor received his B.A. from Colby College and his Ph.D. from Brandeis University. He has taught at Colby College, the College of William & Mary, Boston University, and the University of California at Davis, where he is Professor of History. He is the author of Liberty Men and Great Proprietors: The Revolutionary Settlement on the Maine Frontier, 1760-1820 (1990); William Cooper's Town: Power and Persuasion on the Frontier of the Early American Republic (1996), and American Colonies: The Settlement of North America (The Penguin History of the United States, Vol. 1, 2001).


From the Trade Paperback edition.
Read More Show Less

Read an Excerpt

Property

In July 1761, as Joseph Brant traveled east to join Wheelock’s school, Sir William Johnson headed west, ascending the Mohawk River into the country of the Six Nations. his five boats hauled thirty-eight soldiers, their equipment, and presents for the Indians. The traveling party also included his nineteen-year-old son, John, and their cousin and secretary, Guy Johnson. In high spirits, the Johnsons anticipated a victory tour in Indian country to consolidate the recent British conquest of French Canada. With the French banished from North America, British officials expected easily to control the Indians.

Instead, Johnson found pervasive Indian dread and disgust, even among the nearby Mohawks, who had so long cooperated with him. As British allies, the Mohawks had lost about 100 warriors, half of their men, during the recent war with the French. In return for that heavy sacrifice, the Mohawks expected Johnson to protect their villages against conniving land speculators and encroaching settlers. Frustrated in that expectation, the Mohawks complained bitterly to Johnson, who reported that they felt in “danger of being made slaves, and having their lands taken from them at pleasure, which they added would confirm what the French have often told the Six Nations.”

Preaching patience, Johnson promised justice to the Mohawks—but New York’s leaders and settlers kept breaking his every promise. Fed up, the Mohawks threatened to move away deeper within Indian country. That possibility delighted settlers and speculators who lusted after Mohawk land, but alarmed Johnson, who relied on his special Mohawk connection to influence the Six Nations. Without nearby and content Mohawks as allies, his superintendency would become impotent.

Proceeding upriver beyond the Mohawk country, Johnson reached German Flats, colonial New York’s westernmost settlement. There, Johnson met Oneidas, who also bitterly complained of encroaching settlers. The chief Conoghquieson warned Johnson that the Oneida settlers would fight rather than lose their lands. Instead of consolidating British power over the Indians, the conquest of Canada threatened to unravel the alliance with the Six Nations that was essential to frontier security.

In helping the British to attack Canada, the Iroquois had miscalculated, for they had never expected such a rapid and complete collapse by the French forces. No longer could the Indians play off the French against the British to maintain Iroquois independence, to maximize their presents, and to ensure trade competition. A British general explained, “They saw us sole Masters of the Country, the Balance of Power broke, and their own Consequence at an End. Instead of being courted by two Nations, a Profusion of Presents made by both, and two Markets to trade at, they now depend upon one Power.” That dependence exposed Iroquoia to land-hungry colonists.

THE SIX NATIONS

The Iroquois pursued a mixed subsistence strategy combining horticulture, gathering, fishing, and hunting. In fields of fertile, alluvial soil, they cultivated mounds of maize topped by climbing beans and surrounded by low-lying squashes and pumpkins. After the fall harvest, the natives dispersed into the hills, occupying many small camps, tended by women, while the men pursued bear, deer, and beaver for meat and pelts. Returning to their villages, they spent the early spring collecting maple sap to make a brown sugar. After planting their crops in May, the Iroquois spent June and July in fishing camps strung along the lakes and streams. Having exhausted the previous year’s harvest, the people sought relief by catching eels, salmon, trout, and whitefish. During that hungry season, the women and children also gathered wild onions, followed by strawberries, raspberries, whortleberries, and blackberries. From the forest floor, they also harvested ginseng for sale to colonial merchants.

This mobile, but seasonally patterned, way of life conserved most of the forest and streams—and their wild things—over the generations. Native use contrasted with the colonists’ drive to clear most of the forest to provide pastures for cattle and fields for grain. Compared to the colonists, the Iroquois used land extensively rather than intensively. The natives did clear and cultivate compact fields near their villages, but they kept most of their domain as a forest to sustain wild plants and animals. To colonial eyes, the Iroquois peoples wasted their land by keeping a wilderness; but the Indians exploited their domain in ways that the colonists did not understand.

Most colonists disdained the Iroquois as improvident, living from hand to mouth for want of incentives for accumulating private property. Indeed, the Iroquois considered it foolish and demeaning to labor beyond what they needed to subsist. Sir William noted, “The Indians are a Lazy people, & naturally Enemies to Labour.” But colonial charges of Indian indolence focused on men seen during the warm months in their villages or on visits to colonial towns: periods and places of male inactivity and heavy drinking. Colonial observers rarely saw Indian men during their strenuous winter hunts, when they endured severe hardships pursuing game for miles over rugged terrain in bitter weather. The colonial view also discounted the evident industry of native women in cultivating and gathering, which the colonists treated as exploitation by lazy husbands and fathers.

John Heckewelder, a missionary, noted that the Indians disliked the competitive and acquisitive values of the colonists: “They wonder that the white people are striving so much to get rich, and to heap up treasures in this world which they cannot carry with them to the next.”

They cherished the collective security maintained by expecting generosity from the fortunate to the needy. Instead of storing up wealth, prospering chiefs accumulated prestige by gifts to their kin and to the hungry and ragged. These values of hospitality and reciprocity spread resources through the seasons and across a village, sustaining a rough equality. No one starved in an Iroquois village unless all did so.

If paltry by colonial standards, the material wants of the Iroquois exceeded those of their ancestors. The eighteenth-century Iroquois relied upon traders to provide European manufactured goods that exceeded the Indian technology to make. In return for furs, the Iroquois procured metal knives, hatchets, axes, hoes, and kettles—all vastly better than their stone and wood predecessors. And with cloth, mirrors, glass and silver jewelry, and alcohol, the traders provided new luxuries to the Indians. Above all, they needed guns, gunpowder, and metal shot for hunting and war. Dependence on that imported technology also entailed an Indian reliance on colonial blacksmiths and gunsmiths to repair metal tools and weapons.

In personal appearance, the Iroquois conveyed a mix of tradition and adaptation, of America and Europe, of subsistence and commerce, and of ease and pride. Except for moccasins on their feet, the Iroquois donned more British cloth than traditional buckskin. In warm weather, men wore little more than a loose, linen shirt over their shoulders and a loincloth held by a leather belt. Women’s attire consisted of a linen shirt and a cotton petticoat. In colder weather, both men and women wrapped themselves in woolen blankets, while men covered their lower limbs with leather leggings. Both genders delighted in abundant jewelry, especially silver worn as bracelets, gorgets, rings, and earrings. Women and older men wore their hair long, but warriors shaved the sides of their head to leave a scalp lock on top. The young men also plucked their facial hair out by the roots.

Gender and age, rather than social class, structured Iroquois labor. Assisted by children, women tended the crops and gathered the wild plants, while men fished, hunted, waged war, and conducted diplomacy. Men’s activities took them deep into the forest and far from the villages. Consequently, those villages and their fields belonged to the women, the enduring people of the community. They controlled the harvest and determined the location of their village.

No land could be forsaken without their consent. In 1763, the Mohawks explained to Johnson that women were “the Truest Owners, being the persons who labour on the Lands.” The Mohawk matrons then assured Johnson that “they would keep their Land, and did not chuse to part with the same to be reduced to make Brooms.” The Mohawks well knew the Algonquian Indians of the Hudson Valley and New England as negative reference points: as native peoples who had lost most of their lands and become the impoverished makers of brooms and baskets for colonial consumers.

Chiefs

The Iroquois dispersed and divided political power from a dread of coercion. They understood the world as constantly embroiled in a struggle between the forces of good and evil, of life and death, of peace and war. Because those conflicts raged within every nation, village, and person, all forms of power had to be dispersed and closely watched to preserve the freedom of a people.

An Iroquois nation was an ethnic and linguistic group divided into several jealous villages and subdivided by internal factions led by rival chiefs. Although one village usually was a bit larger and more prestigious, hosting the council fire of the nation, the chiefs there could only admonish and advise, but never command, their fellow people in other, smaller villages. No nation was united under the rule of a single headman, although one chief might enjoy more honor as the keeper of sacred objects—principally wampum belts—and as the host of public councils. Instead of representing an entire village (much less the collective nation), a chief represented a particular clan, which the Iroquois called “a tribe.” Most Iroquois nations had three clans (or tribes): Bear, Wolf, and Turtle. A clan consisted of several extended families, related through the maternal line: matrilineages. Johnson noted that a chief’s clout depended on “the number of Warriors under his influence, which are seldom more than his own relations.”

The proper chief had been accomplished in war but mellowed by time, becoming eloquent, patient, tactful, dignified, and methodical. The duty of a chief was to keep his head while others were losing theirs. In 1765, Sayenqueraghta, a Seneca, described the ideal chief as “a wise, dispassionate man [who] thinks much & thinks slowly, with great caution & deliberation, before he speaks his whole mind.” A proper chief worked to soothe the discontented, to calm troubles, and to keep the peace by sage advice. Unable to command people, the chief exercised influence through persuasion, which rested upon his prestige, example, and reason. A bullying chief risked his life to assassination by disgruntled warriors.

The clan chiefs (or “sachems”) had to share village authority with warriors and matrons. The senior women of the matrilineages chose the chiefs who represented their clan on the village council. Although birth within the proper matrilineage mattered, the clan mothers favored merit and personality in determining their choice. In effect, chiefs were so many male ambassadors, representing matrilineages. Once chosen, a chief ordinarily served for life, but an incompetent could be ousted by the matrons of his clan.

Chiefs promoted harmony and peace, but they could not always succeed—especially beyond the nation among outsiders without kinship ties to the Iroquois. Consequently, the people also needed to summon the darker powers of their young warriors. They could not, and should not, possess the chiefly virtues of calm forbearance. Instead, warriors needed to be decisive, violent, cruel, and proud—quick to take offense and terrible in seeking vengeance. Without formidable warriors, no people could remain free. In theory, chiefs restrained warriors, but ambitious young men longed for the honors of war to demonstrate their courage and prowess. Bristling under restraint by their chiefs, warriors sometimes forced a war by raiding foes or by killing their emissaries. But women could compel the warriors to make peace by withholding the food needed for long-distance raids.

Within their villages, the Iroquois dreaded contention and coercion, preferring the deliberative search for consensus, however elusive. That search led to highly formalized speeches in public council by chiefs closely watched by all the villagers. If those deliberations failed to reach an acceptable consensus, the people agreed to disagree, permitting factions and families to chart varying courses. For example, during the imperial wars, the Oneidas disagreed on a common front, so some helped the French and others the British, while most clung to neutrality.

If a village majority did commit to a provocative decision, the disgruntled voted with their feet by moving away. Over the years, village populations ebbed and surged as some people moved out and others moved in. Driven by the elusive ideal of consensus, this fission helped to sustain that ideal—if not the reality—by temporarily ridding villages of the most discontented.

The lack of coercive power within the Six Nations frustrated colonial officials who hoped to command the Indians by co-opting their chiefs. Early and often, those chiefs tried to explain their limited influence over hotheaded warriors or over another village. Indeed, a chief lost influence if he did colonial bidding by coercing his own people. Johnson eventually gave up trying to mandate head chiefs for each of the Six Nations, explaining that “the extreme jealousy which the Northern Indians entertain of one another would render a particular choice of any one of them unserviceable; and make his Nation pay no regard to him.” Noting that chiefs had greater power in the past, or at a distance from the settlements, Johnson concluded that colonial meddling had weakened authority in Indian villages. But, of course, Johnson was the consummate meddler.

The imperial wars diminished the authority of the sachems. Eager to recruit warriors, colonial leaders treated the war chiefs as the real locus of power in an Iroquois village. Consequently, they could drive hard bargains to secure abundant presents including weapons and ammunition. By redistributing this largesse to their followers, war chiefs built their influence at the expense of the sachems. Indeed, warriors and their war chiefs waxed increasingly arrogant. In 1762, the Seneca war chiefs assured Johnson: “We are in fact the People of Consequence for Managing Affairs, Our Sachems being generally a parcell of Old People who say Much, but who Mean or Act very little.”

From a colonial perspective, the Iroquois lived in virtual anarchy—owing to the crisscrossing interests of chiefs, warriors, and women; the elusive ideal of consensus; and the powerful animus against coercion. And yet, native villages were remarkably harmonious—except when alcohol abounded. Heckewelder noted, “They have no written laws, but they have usages founded on the most strict principles of equity and justice. . . . They are peaceable, sociable, obliging, charitable, and hospitable among themselves.” Their public councils were dignified—in stark contrast to the rancor of colonial politics. Johnson marveled, “All their deliberations are conducted with extraordinary regularity and decorum. They never interrupt him who is speaking, nor use harsh language, whatever may be their thoughts.”

Kinship and conversation framed the obligations, duties, and norms of an Indian village. Authority ultimately lay in the constant flow of talk, which regulated reputation through the variations of praise and ridicule, celebration and shaming. The close quarters of Indian villages kept few secrets and enforced moral norms by rendering individuals hypersensitive to their standing in the eyes of kin and neighbors. Humiliated and shunned, a thief or rapist could not endure in an observant, gossiping village. Consequently, theft and rape were virtually unknown among the Iroquois.


From the Hardcover edition.
Read More Show Less

Customer Reviews

Average Rating 3.5
( 22 )
Rating Distribution

5 Star

(11)

4 Star

(3)

3 Star

(2)

2 Star

(0)

1 Star

(6)

Your Rating:

Your Name: Create a Pen Name or

Barnes & Noble.com Review Rules

Our reader reviews allow you to share your comments on titles you liked, or didn't, with others. By submitting an online review, you are representing to Barnes & Noble.com that all information contained in your review is original and accurate in all respects, and that the submission of such content by you and the posting of such content by Barnes & Noble.com does not and will not violate the rights of any third party. Please follow the rules below to help ensure that your review can be posted.

Reviews by Our Customers Under the Age of 13

We highly value and respect everyone's opinion concerning the titles we offer. However, we cannot allow persons under the age of 13 to have accounts at BN.com or to post customer reviews. Please see our Terms of Use for more details.

What to exclude from your review:

Please do not write about reviews, commentary, or information posted on the product page. If you see any errors in the information on the product page, please send us an email.

Reviews should not contain any of the following:

  • - HTML tags, profanity, obscenities, vulgarities, or comments that defame anyone
  • - Time-sensitive information such as tour dates, signings, lectures, etc.
  • - Single-word reviews. Other people will read your review to discover why you liked or didn't like the title. Be descriptive.
  • - Comments focusing on the author or that may ruin the ending for others
  • - Phone numbers, addresses, URLs
  • - Pricing and availability information or alternative ordering information
  • - Advertisements or commercial solicitation

Reminder:

  • - By submitting a review, you grant to Barnes & Noble.com and its sublicensees the royalty-free, perpetual, irrevocable right and license to use the review in accordance with the Barnes & Noble.com Terms of Use.
  • - Barnes & Noble.com reserves the right not to post any review -- particularly those that do not follow the terms and conditions of these Rules. Barnes & Noble.com also reserves the right to remove any review at any time without notice.
  • - See Terms of Use for other conditions and disclaimers.
Search for Products You'd Like to Recommend

Recommend other products that relate to your review. Just search for them below and share!

Create a Pen Name

Your Pen Name is your unique identity on BN.com. It will appear on the reviews you write and other website activities. Your Pen Name cannot be edited, changed or deleted once submitted.

 
Your Pen Name can be any combination of alphanumeric characters (plus - and _), and must be at least two characters long.

Continue Anonymously
See All Sort by: Showing 1 – 20 of 22 Customer Reviews
  • Anonymous

    Posted July 20, 2014

    Mikkira's Bio &star

    Name: Mikkira &star Description: White lion with black flecks and blue eyes. Has large paws and a fluffy tail. &star Age: 18 moons. &star Mate/Crush/Kits: None &star Rank: Warrior &star Gender: Female &star Theme Song: Chandeleir by Sia &star Likes: She is very optimistic, so pretty much everything. &star Dislikes: Death &star Other: Ask &star I think that's it!

    0 out of 1 people found this review helpful.

    Was this review helpful? Yes  No   Report this review
  • Anonymous

    Posted July 21, 2014

    Chronicle's Updated Bio

    Age: 27 moons<p>Rank: New Warcheif<p>Mate: Blaze<p>Cubs/Kits: None yet!<p>Appearence: He has black fur and silver eyes.

    0 out of 1 people found this review helpful.

    Was this review helpful? Yes  No   Report this review
  • Anonymous

    Posted July 18, 2014

    H&sigma<_>r&eta&epsilon&tau & |&iota<_>ch&epsilon&eta

    H&sigma<_>r&eta&epsilon&tau
    <br>
    :: Age : 25 Moons ::
    <br>
    :: Gender : &male ::
    <br>
    :: Rank : Warrior ::
    <br>
    :: Appearance : A dark, rusty brown-gray with cream-gray paws and underbelly. His eyes are a steel blue and his nose is a salmon pink. A singular black patch runs down his muzzle, banking the bridge of his nose, ending a his mouth. The tip of his muzzle is a sharp white, sharp in contrast from the darker colors of his pelt. He is stout-bodied and muscar, but surprisingly agile. ::
    <br>
    :: Persona : Laid back; obedient; strong-willed; rule-follower ::
    <br>
    :: Crush : Erm... He just got here.... ::
    <br>
    :: Mate : Nope ::
    <br>
    :: Cubs : Nope ::
    <br>
    :: Kin : Only knows Lichen ::
    <br>
    :: History : Nerp ::
    <br>
    :: Other : Ask ::
    <p>
    |&iota<_>ch&epsilon&eta
    <br>
    :: Age : 25 Moons ::
    <br>
    :: Gender : &female ::
    <br>
    :: Rank : Warrior ::
    <br>
    :: Appearance : A lighter shade of her brother. Her pelt has a golden tint with almost white paws and underbelly. Her eyes are the most golden-brown, sometimes warm and stometimes hard. Her form is lithe and sleek. ::
    <br>
    :: Persona : More of the rebel; quiet but outspoken when provoked; fierce; joker ::
    <br>
    :: Crush : *hack!* Sorry. Hairball. ::
    <br>
    :: Mate : Nope ::
    <br>
    :: Cubs : Aw.... their so cute—No ::
    <br>
    :: Kin : Just Hornet ::
    <br>
    :: History : Hehe... no... ::
    <br>
    :: Other : Click the [X] ::

    0 out of 1 people found this review helpful.

    Was this review helpful? Yes  No   Report this review
  • Anonymous

    Posted July 18, 2014

    Twilights bio

    Name twilight gender ffemale pelt color kinda the color of twilight and eye color the color of ice crush maybe kits mate nipe

    0 out of 1 people found this review helpful.

    Was this review helpful? Yes  No   Report this review
  • Anonymous

    Posted July 17, 2014

    Sakura's Bio

    Name: Sakura <br> Gender: female <br> Fur Color: light silver thats is leaning towards white <br> Eye Color: bright blue <br> Personality: loyal, obedient (most of the time), protective, energetic, a bit shy at first <br> Likes: running, spending time with friends, and cubs <br> Crush: I just got here <br> Mate: no <br> Cubs: what do you think?

    0 out of 1 people found this review helpful.

    Was this review helpful? Yes  No   Report this review
  • Anonymous

    Posted July 17, 2014

    Lily and ripple and co.

    Name:Lily <b> Age:? <b> Gender:female <b> ranko:queen <p> personality: quiet shy but loyal and fierce <p> apperence:fluffy white with blue eyes. <p> crush mate kits: mabye deceased yes freeze feather and jinx <p> <p> Name:Ripple <b> Age? <b> Gender:male <b> rk warrior <p> other ask. <p> <p> Name:freeze age 1 moon gender male apperence milky white with bright blue eyes ther ask <p> <p> Name feather age one moon gender male apperence more grayish then white with choclate brown eyes other ask <p> <p> Name Jinx age one moon gender male apperence dark grey with stattiling green eyes. Is an excact replica of lilys old mate jinx othr ask

    0 out of 1 people found this review helpful.

    Was this review helpful? Yes  No   Report this review
  • Anonymous

    Posted July 18, 2014

    Lyptica's Bio

    Name: My name is Lyptica. <p> Age: 26 Moons <p> Gender: She is a female. &female <p> Personality: She is headstrong and stubborn. It is hard to geg her to crack, she is also bit<_>chy. She follows rules, and at war she will kick as<_>s and take names. <p> Fur: Her fur is a tanish color with white streka through her fur. <p> Eyes: Her eyes are blue with tiny flecks of green. <p> Crush: Striker.. <p> Mate: I don't have a mate. <p> Cubs/Pups: Nupe.

    0 out of 1 people found this review helpful.

    Was this review helpful? Yes  No   Report this review
  • Anonymous

    Posted July 17, 2014

    Jewel and co. 's Bios

    Name: Jewel
    <br>
    Gender: &female
    <br>
    Age: 25 moons
    <br>
    Rank: Warrior
    <br>
    Looks: She has bright white fur, with black speckles lining her back, ear tips, and muzzle. Her eyes are bright green.
    <br>
    Personality: She is sweet, protective, and very loyal. She loves hunting the most, but if she must choose she likes to fight rather than spy.
    <br>
    Mate: Rain(deceased)- a large grey tom with piercing amber eyes.
    <br>
    Pups: Midnight + Storm
    <br>
    Crush: none at the moment
    <p>
    Name: Midnight
    <br>
    Gender: &tom
    <br>
    Age: 3 moons
    <br>
    Looks: He has pure black fur, white paws, and dark blue eyes.
    <br>
    Personality: He is nice, but doesn't make friends easily. Because of how quiet he is, its easy for him to get bullied. He is really close to his sister.
    <br>
    Kin: Jewel[mother], Rain[father, dead], Storm[sister]
    <p>
    Name: Storm
    <br>
    Gender: &female
    <br>
    Age: 4 moons
    <br>
    Looks: She has light grey fur with a white underbelly and tail-tip. Her eyes are green with amber flecks along the outside of he pupils.
    <br>
    Personality: she is mischevious, playful, and gets along with everyone. She can be VERY stubborn, and she fights for what she believes in. She is very protective of Midnight.
    <br>
    Kin: Jewel[mother], Rain[father, dead], Midnight[brother]

    0 out of 1 people found this review helpful.

    Was this review helpful? Yes  No   Report this review
  • Anonymous

    Posted July 18, 2014

    Soulfire's Bio

    Name: Soulfire
    <br> Age: 27-30 Moons
    <br> Gender: Male
    <br> Rank: Warrior
    <br> Mate: N/A
    <p> Personality: He is a fierce and loyal warrior who never disobeys an order or a rule. He is silent but can open up. He can be ticked off at times and is friendly. He is barely playful or happy and doesnt smile always. At times, his words may end off with a growl. (Dosent mean he is mad. Or angry.)
    <p> Appearance: He has a brownish fur with flecks of red across his body. He also has battle scars with a barely visable streak of red across his back. A few of his claws are chipped and a scar that goes through his eye, however his eyes miracously survived without damage.
    <p> Other: Go away and hit that [X] Goodbye!

    0 out of 1 people found this review helpful.

    Was this review helpful? Yes  No   Report this review
  • Anonymous

    Posted July 17, 2014

    Ajax bio

    Species: fox...color: grey and scarlet... eye color: blue and green... gender: male... rank: warrior, but can double as meddie... age: more than 20 moons

    0 out of 1 people found this review helpful.

    Was this review helpful? Yes  No   Report this review
  • Anonymous

    Posted July 17, 2014

    &real<_>iver<_>&real<_>ushs Biography

    Name: RiverRish, but call her Rush. <br> Age: 26 <br> Gender: Female &female <p> Mate: None, but hoping. <br> Crush: Er...B.......uh.........r...um....er.....a....huh........v.......eh.......e. There. <br> Pups/Kits: Not yet. <p> Appearance: She is dark brown with a sandy colored chest and belly. Her pelt is long, making her look similar to a lynx without the little ear pricks. Her paws are large and thick, and always leaving prints. The brown part of her coat has hints of silver all over , specialy near her tail. The blue of her eyes are a little dark, like a sappfire blue. <p> Personality: Nice, and informative, kind, funny. <p> Likes: Action. <br> Dislikes: Concieted people. Bad grammar. Godmodders. The name Angel. <p> Siggeh: &#28954 &#28974 <p> If you need anything just ask! I don't bite unless I don't like you! Please excuse any typos.

    0 out of 1 people found this review helpful.

    Was this review helpful? Yes  No   Report this review
  • Anonymous

    Posted July 16, 2014

    Mist's bio

    Ill take it off if for some strange reason, im not allowed to join. ~Mist~ Age- 24 moons. Gender- &female (shecat). Appearance- lynx point fur with a white underbelly and blue/grey eyes with a hint of green. (Lynv point is that tanish colored fur with the tips a blackish grey color...and the tips as in paws, ears, and Tail tip). Crush- yes but id really rather not say...not yet atleast. Mate- nope. Kits- nope. Persobality- weeeell.....get to know her and you'll find out. Shes serious in serious tines, and happy in happy times. Also pretty friendly and cheerful.

    0 out of 1 people found this review helpful.

    Was this review helpful? Yes  No   Report this review
  • Anonymous

    Posted July 16, 2014

    &beta<_>rave

    _{Name}_Brave_{Age}_29 moons_{Rank}_Deputy_ <p> {] Persona [} <br> Calm cat, almost never is off his paws; always moving around. He loves to hunt. Just from his hunting instinct; his basic survival/fighting instinct, he has great courage and determination. He will fight anywhere and anything. <p> {] Appearence [} <br> Light brown with a dark, chocolatey under-belly color. His paws are big, legs agile and built for running. His tail is long, about two taillengths of the normal clancat. <p> {] Crush//Mate//Pups [} <br> I'm not heartless. // Not at the moment. // Would like a few. <p> So... there's my amazing supercalifrigiliciousexpiallidocious (don't care if I spelled it wrong) bio.

    0 out of 1 people found this review helpful.

    Was this review helpful? Yes  No   Report this review
  • Anonymous

    Posted July 16, 2014

    Dove's bio

    Looks- a cream, with an eyespot and tail tip like powdered sugar. Lean body, well fed.))) Gender-female.))) Mate-none.))) Crush-maybe.))) Personality- sweet and maternal, but can be feirce.))) History- left her birth clan...thats about it...)))

    0 out of 1 people found this review helpful.

    Was this review helpful? Yes  No   Report this review
  • Anonymous

    Posted July 16, 2014

    Death's New Bio

    Name- Death <p>
    Gender- male <p>
    Appearece- Black fur, green eyes, muscular body. He has very sharp teeth and claws, has white stripes on his rib areas, a patch of white on his left eye, white paws. <p>
    Mate- none <p>
    Crush- none <p>
    Cubs- Nah. <p>
    Personality- Calm, intelligent. <p>
    Rank- Cheiftan <p>
    History- none. <p>
    I think that's it........ <p>

    0 out of 1 people found this review helpful.

    Was this review helpful? Yes  No   Report this review
  • Anonymous

    Posted July 16, 2014

    Bronze's bio

    Gender:female
    Looks: bronze colored with a white tail tip dark brown eyes left ear is missing a little piece from a fight
    History: been in lots of fights that she dosnt like to talk about
    Personality: nice brave tough calm but can be a little exctided once in a while
    Family: Sabel

    0 out of 1 people found this review helpful.

    Was this review helpful? Yes  No   Report this review
  • Anonymous

    Posted July 20, 2014

    Blaze's Bio

    I<_>&eta&iota&tau&iota&alpha<_>l I<_>&eta<_>f<_>&sigma<_>rm<_>&alpha&tau&iota&sigma&eta <p>


    Name- Poop! No really. Look up. [For people who can't see headlines... TOO BAD!] Nah. My name's Blaze.<br>
    Gender- Don't insult meh! &female <br>
    Age- Go away.<br>
    <p>


    A<_>&tau<_>r<_>&iota<_>b<_>&upsilon&tau&epsilon<_>s<p>


    Looks- Blaze is a light tawny lioness with a streak of white down her back. She has a bright smile and beautiful amber eyes.<p>


    Persona- Meet her!<p>


    F<_>&alpha<_>m<_>&iota<_>l<_>&gamma <p>


    Mother- Unknown<br>
    Father- Shade<br>
    Brothers- Shade and Fire<br>
    Sister- Flare<br>
    Mate- Chronicle<br>
    Cubs- None yet!

    0 out of 1 people found this review helpful.

    Was this review helpful? Yes  No   Report this review
  • Anonymous

    Posted July 21, 2014

    Striker

    Is dead. Figure is Warchief

    0 out of 1 people found this review helpful.

    Was this review helpful? Yes  No   Report this review
  • Anonymous

    Posted June 18, 2006

    Taylor borders on the borderlands

    Alan Taylor is not as successful with his latest product. The book is unorganized at points while brilliant at others. The borderlands framework, while insightful, looses its conceptual power throughout several points in the book. The book, moreover, turns into a series of vignettes rather than a running connected, narrative. A fan of Taylor's previous works, and an Iroquoianist, I was dissapointed with this work. In fact, he misquotes one of the most important works in Seneca history. Anthony F.C. Wallace's 'Death and Rebirth of the Seneca,' is often cited as Destruction and Rebirth. While this might seem minor, it reflects a larger problem with the work. Here, as in other places, Taylor reveals that he has not immersed himself enough in the world of the Iroquois. Ethnohistorical methods are needed, and Taylor's approach does not give the Iroquois, particularly the Seneca, the depth of new discovery that the borderlands framework could have potentially inspired. I will provide one example: was the prophet Handsome Lake responding to shifting borders and the effects of such change on Seneca life? Not in Taylor's analysis. Taylor does not cast any new light on this prophet, nor does he cast new light on a host of other important Seneca leaders (except Red Jacket), men who treated and traded as an important power on a post-Revolutionary borderlands, men who were on a new cutting-edge style of leadership as Confederacy power diminished. This was a hurried attempt to hit the market, especially in a politically-charged environment concerned with borders and border-protection.

    Was this review helpful? Yes  No   Report this review
  • Anonymous

    Posted August 21, 2010

    No text was provided for this review.

See All Sort by: Showing 1 – 20 of 22 Customer Reviews

If you find inappropriate content, please report it to Barnes & Noble
Why is this product inappropriate?
Comments (optional)