Divisions Within Islam

Divisions Within Islam

by John Calvert
     
 

The Prophet Muhammad's vision of a community of believers united under one God took form in the early Islamic state. Yet, within a generation of the Prophet's death, divisions within the faith emerged. This book discusses these divisions with reference to Shiism and its various subdivisions, the Kharijites, and Sufism-Islam's mystical dimension.

Overview

The Prophet Muhammad's vision of a community of believers united under one God took form in the early Islamic state. Yet, within a generation of the Prophet's death, divisions within the faith emerged. This book discusses these divisions with reference to Shiism and its various subdivisions, the Kharijites, and Sufism-Islam's mystical dimension.

Editorial Reviews

Children's Literature - Barbara L. Talcroft
Since Islam is the fastest-growing religion in the world, young adults need to understand its place in global society. The "World of Islam" series offers information on Muslim beliefs, problems facing Muslims today, and relations with non-Muslim nations. Because this volume focuses on various sects and divisions within modern Islam, its contents would be most useful integrated with information in other books of the series. Readers will learn that the majority of Muslims (90%, according to Calvert) are Sunnis, who believe the early caliphs were properly chosen from Muhammad's devout followers; they are concerned with consensus in the Islamic community. Most of the rest are Shiites or smaller sects derived from divisions based on politics rather than dogma. Lesser sects range from Ibadis, who question the faith of other Muslims, to Twelver Shiites (the largest group), who venerate Muhammad's grandson Husayn, a martyr to violence in 680 C.E. Other sects include Ismailis, whose imam is called the Aga Khan (the present Khan is a wealthy philanthropist) and Nusayris, a secretive sect in Syria, who, though not numerous, supply the rulers of that country. Most fascinating to teens may be Sufism, a mystical order within Islam, whose participants try to experience Allah directly through meditation, poetry, music and dance—a color photo shows them in a whirling dance with white skirts flying. (More sophisticated readers may enjoy investigating some of the verse of Sufi poet Rumi.) A bibliography and list of Internet sources look promising for research. Teachers planning to use this series should be aware that, since it has been attacked by an Islamic advocacy group as anti-Islamic (rejected by the publisher and its consultant, a conservative think-tank), it might be advisable to collect supplemental material from a variety of other sources. Reviewer: Barbara L. Talcroft

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9781422205334
Publisher:
Mason Crest Publishers
Publication date:
09/15/2009
Series:
World of Islam Series
Pages:
64
Product dimensions:
7.30(w) x 9.30(h) x 0.40(d)
Age Range:
10 - 13 Years

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